Thomas Stocker

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Thomas Stocker
Thomas Stocker (cropped).jpg
Born1959
Nationality Swiss
OccupationProfessor of Climate and Environmental Physics, University of Bern
AwardsNational Latsis Prize [1]
Marcel Benoist Prize
Hans Oeschger Medal
Academic background
Alma mater ETH Zurich
Academic work
Discipline Climate and Environmental Physics
Notes

Thomas Stocker (born 1959) is a Swiss climate scientist.

Born in Zürich, Stocker obtained a degree in physics at the ETH Zurich. He was active in research at the University College London, at McGill University in Montreal and at Columbia University in New York. Since 1993, he is professor and head of the department of Climate and Environmental Physics at the University of Bern. [2]

ETH Zurich Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich

ETH Zurich is a science, technology, engineering and mathematics university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. Like its sister institution EPFL, it is an integral part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain that is directly subordinate to Switzerland's Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research. The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government in 1854 with the stated mission to educate engineers and scientists, serve as a national center of excellence in science and technology and provide a hub for interaction between the scientific community and industry.

UCL is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom. It is a constituent college of the federal University of London, and is the third largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment, and the largest by postgraduate enrolment.

McGill University English-language university in Montreal, Quebec

McGill University is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was established in 1821 by royal charter, granted by King George IV. The university bears the name of James McGill, a Montreal merchant originally from Scotland whose bequest in 1813 formed the university's precursor, McGill College.

The focus of Stocker's research is the development of models of climate change based on, among other, the analysis of ice cores from the polar regions. He significantly contributed to creating the "hockey stick graph" that shows a growing increase of global mean temperatures in recent times. Since 1998, he contributes to the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and is co-chairman of the IPCC Working Group I (assessing scientific aspects of the climate system and climate change) from 2008 to 2015. [2]

Climate change Change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns for an extended period

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time. Climate change can be caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions.

Ice core Cylindrical sample drilled from an ice sheet

An ice core is a core sample that is typically removed from an ice sheet or a high mountain glacier. Since the ice forms from the incremental buildup of annual layers of snow, lower layers are older than upper, and an ice core contains ice formed over a range of years. Cores are drilled with hand augers or powered drills; they can reach depths of over two miles (3.2 km), and contain ice up to 800,000 years old.

Hockey stick graph

Hockey stick graphs present the global or hemispherical mean temperature record of the past 500 to 2000 years as shown by quantitative climate reconstructions based on climate proxy records. These reconstructions have consistently shown a slow long term cooling trend changing into relatively rapid warming in the 20th century, with the instrumental temperature record by 2000 exceeding earlier temperatures.

In 1993, Stocker was awarded the Swiss National Science Foundation's National Latsis Prize [1] , and in 2009 the Hans Oeschger Medal of the European Geosciences Union. In 2017, Dr. Stocker was awarded the Marcel Benoist Prize, also known as the Swiss Nobel Prize in Science. [3] [4] He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and a member of the Academia Europaea and the American Meteorological Society.

Swiss National Science Foundation foundation

The Swiss National Science Foundation is a science research support organisation mandated by the Swiss Federal Government. The Swiss National Science Foundation was established under private law by physicist and medical doctor Alexander von Muralt in 1952.

The Hans Oeschger Medal is an award bestowed by the European Geosciences Union (EGU) to recognise scientists who have made "outstanding achievements in ice research and/or short term climatic changes ." The award was established by the European Geophysical Society (EGS) in recognition of the scientific achievements of Professor Hans Oeschger. It was awarded by the EGS in 2002 and 2003, and subsequently by the EGU.

European Geosciences Union non-profit international union in the fields of Earth, planetary, and space sciences

The European Geosciences Union (EGU) is a non-profit international union in the fields of Earth, planetary, and space sciences. The organisation has headquarters in Munich (Germany). Membership is open to individuals who are professionally engaged in or associated with these fields and related studies, including students and retired seniors.

Stocker is featured in the film Taking Earth's Temperature: Delving into Climate's Past. [5]

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 "National Latzis Prize". www.snf.ch. Swiss Science Foundation. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  2. 1 2 Hofmann, Markus (1 November 2013). "Klimawissenschafter Thomas Stocker: Der Klimaforscher mit der dicken Haut". Neue Zürcher Zeitung . Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  3. "Top Swiss science prize gets boost". SwissInfo. SwissInfo. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  4. "Swiss Science Prize Marcel Benoist". marcel-benoist.ch. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  5. http://takingearthstemperature.org/

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Google Scholar academic search service by Google

Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online academic journals and books, conference papers, theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports, and other scholarly literature, including court opinions and patents. While Google does not publish the size of Google Scholar's database, scientometric researchers estimated it to contain roughly 389 million documents including articles, citations and patents making it the world's largest academic search engine in January 2018. Previously, the size was estimated at 160 million documents as of May 2014. Earlier statistical estimate published in PLOS ONE using a Mark and recapture method estimated approximately 80–90% coverage of all articles published in English with an estimate of 100 million. This estimate also determined how many documents were freely available on the web.

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