Thomas Turnbull

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Thomas Turnbull
Thomas Turnbull.jpg
Born(1842-08-23)23 August 1842
Died23 February 1907(1907-02-23) (aged 64)
Wellington, New Zealand
OccupationArchitect
PracticeThomas Turnbull & Son
Buildings St John's Church, New Zealand Parliamentary Library and Old Bank Arcade

Thomas Turnbull (18241907) was a notable New Zealand architect.

He was born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland in 1824. [1] He was the first president of the Wellington Association of Architects, and a member of the Wellington City Council in 1891. [1] He designed the Old Bank Arcade [2] , St John's Church in Willis Street, and St Patrick’s Catholic Church, Masterton. [3] His 3-storey design for the General Assembly Library was not completed because of rising costs, and it was finished with only two floors by John Campbell in 1899. [4]

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

Lanarkshire Historic county in Scotland

Lanarkshire, also called the County of Lanark is a historic county in the central Lowlands of Scotland.

Scotland Country in Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and the North Channel to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

His youngest son, William Turnbull, joined his practice in 1891. [1]

William Turnbull (New Zealand architect)

William Turnbull was an architect based in Wellington, New Zealand. He was the fourth and youngest son of architect Thomas Turnbull. He joined his father's practice in 1882 and became a partner in 1891. He was born in San Francisco where his father was working at the time. He moved to New Zealand with his family in 1871. In his younger years, he played rugby union at Poneke Football Club in Kilbirnie.

Old Bank Arcade historic building and retail arcade in Wellington, New Zealand

The Old Bank Arcade is a historic building on Lambton Quay, Wellington, New Zealand.

St Johns Church, Wellington Church in Wellington, New Zealand

St John's Church in Willis Street, Wellington, New Zealand, is registered by Heritage New Zealand as a Category I heritage building. Designed by Thomas Turnbull, it opened on 11 December 1885 to replace an earlier church destroyed by fire in 1883. It was registered as a historic place on 18 March 1982, with registration number 228.

New Zealand Parliamentary Library library of the New Zealand parliament

The New Zealand Parliamentary Library was completed in 1899 and is the oldest of the extant buildings in the Parliament complex. It stands to the north of Parliament House.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Cochran, Chris. "Thomas Turnbull". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  2. "Bank of New Zealand Building (No.1)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand . Retrieved 21 December 2009.
  3. "St John's Church". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand . Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  4. "Parliamentary Library". Wellington City Council. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2019.