|Died||23 February 1907 64) (aged|
Wellington, New Zealand
|Practice||Thomas Turnbull & Son|
|Buildings||St John's Church, New Zealand Parliamentary Library and Old Bank Arcade|
Thomas Turnbull (1824–1907) was a notable New Zealand architect.
He was born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland in 1824.He was the first president of the Wellington Association of Architects, and a member of the Wellington City Council in 1891. He designed the Old Bank Arcade , St John's Church in Willis Street, and St Patrick’s Catholic Church, Masterton. His 3-storey design for the General Assembly Library was not completed because of rising costs, and it was finished with only two floors by John Campbell in 1899.
Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.
Lanarkshire, also called the County of Lanark is a historic county in the central Lowlands of Scotland.
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and the North Channel to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
His youngest son, William Turnbull, joined his practice in 1891.
William Turnbull was an architect based in Wellington, New Zealand. He was the fourth and youngest son of architect Thomas Turnbull. He joined his father's practice in 1882 and became a partner in 1891. He was born in San Francisco where his father was working at the time. He moved to New Zealand with his family in 1871. In his younger years, he played rugby union at Poneke Football Club in Kilbirnie.
The Old Bank Arcade is a historic building on Lambton Quay, Wellington, New Zealand.
St John's Church in Willis Street, Wellington, New Zealand, is registered by Heritage New Zealand as a Category I heritage building. Designed by Thomas Turnbull, it opened on 11 December 1885 to replace an earlier church destroyed by fire in 1883. It was registered as a historic place on 18 March 1982, with registration number 228.
The New Zealand Parliamentary Library was completed in 1899 and is the oldest of the extant buildings in the Parliament complex. It stands to the north of Parliament House.
Richardsonian Romanesque is a style of Romanesque Revival architecture named after architect Henry Hobson Richardson (1838–1886), whose masterpiece is Trinity Church, Boston (1872–1877), designated a National Historic Landmark. Richardson first used elements of the style in his Buffalo State Asylum for the Insane in Buffalo, New York, designed in 1870.
New Zealand Parliament Buildings house the New Zealand Parliament and are on a 45,000 square metre site at the northern end of Lambton Quay, Wellington. They consist of the Edwardian neoclassical-style Parliament House (1922); the Parliamentary Library (1899); the executive wing, called "The Beehive" (1977); and Bowen House, in use since 1991. Whilst most of the individual buildings are outstanding for different reasons, the overall setting that has been achieved "has little aesthetic or architectural coherence".
Thomas Rowe was a British-born architect, builder and goldminer who became one of Australia's leading architects of the Victorian era. He was also a politician, who was the first Mayor of Manly
Frederick de Jersey Clere was an architect in Wellington, New Zealand.
Charles Wilson was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party. He was the first chief librarian of the General Assembly Library.
Margaret Hilda Alington was a New Zealand librarian, historian and author.
William Allan Chapple was a member of both the New Zealand House of Representatives and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
William Fielding was a New Zealand architect who practised in Wellington. He was also a bowls player, winning two medals at the 1930 British Empire Games.
The Bank of New Zealand building is an historic building on the corner of Manners and Cuba Street, Wellington, New Zealand.
Archibald Clark was a Scottish 19th-century Member of Parliament in the Auckland Region, New Zealand. He was the first Mayor of Auckland in 1851. His company, Archibald Clark and Sons, manufactured clothing and was a wholesaler.
Joseph Clarkson Maddison was a New Zealand architect. He trained as an architect in his native London and came to Canterbury at the age of 22. At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, he was one of the most prominent architects in Christchurch, receiving commissions from all over the country. Until the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 13 of his buildings were listed by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust on their register, with three of those Category I listings, but many of the Christchurch buildings have been demolished since. His style was plain and utilitarian, and he specialised in the classical Italian mode.
The Octagon, Christchurch, the former Trinity Church or Trinity Congregational Church designed by Benjamin Mountfort, later called the State Trinity Centre, is a Category I heritage building listed with Heritage New Zealand. Damaged in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake and red-stickered after the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the building was threatened with demolition like most other central city heritage buildings. In June 2012, it was announced that the building will be saved, repaired and earthquake strengthened.
Samuel Charles Farr was a 19th-century builder and architect in Christchurch, New Zealand. He intended to emigrate from England to Auckland, but significant shipping problems saw him end up in Akaroa in 1850 instead. From 1862, he lived in Christchurch. Farr has a number of firsts against his name: the first marriage in Canterbury, he designed Akaroa's first church, designed New Zealand's first iron verandahs, and he started Sunday schools in Canterbury. As a leading member of the Acclimatisation Society, he stocked almost every lake and river in Canterbury with fish and was instrumental in introducing the bumblebee to New Zealand. His most notable building is Cranmer Court, the former Normal School, in the Christchurch Central City; this building is to be demolished following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.
George David Payne (1853–1916) was an Australian architect. He worked for a short time in the Public Works Department in Queensland, alongside John Smith Murdoch and Thomas Pye in a time when the Department was producing a considerable amount of high quality works. Payne's greatest achievement is undoubtedly his design of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Brisbane.
Robert Stokes practised briefly as an architect in England in the 1830s before emigrating to New Zealand, where he had a varied career as a land surveyor, a newspaper proprietor and latterly as a member of the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Lower Hutt suburb of Stokes Valley in New Zealand commemorates his name.
George Bernard Roskell (1850–1926) was an architect in Queensland, Australia. Some of his works are now heritage-listed.
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