Thomas Windebank

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Sir Thomas Windebank, 1st Baronet (born c. 1612) was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Wootton Bassett and supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He was Clerk of the Signet from 1641 until 1645 and again (after the Interregnum) from 1660 to 1674.

Wootton Bassett was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1447 until 1832, when the rotten borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

English Civil War series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

The Clerks of the Signet were English officials who played an intermediate role in the passage of letters patent through the seals. For most of the history of the position, four clerks were in office simultaneously.

Contents

Biography

Thomas Windebank born about 1612, the eldest son of Sir Francis Windebank, (later Secretary of State to King Charles I). [1] [2] He was intended to follow in his father's footsteps into the service of the Crown. He matriculated from St. John's College, Oxford, on 13 November 1629, aged 17, but did not graduate. [1]

Francis Windebank English politician

Sir Francis Windebank was an English politician who was Secretary of State under Charles I.

The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions. Legally ill-defined, the term has different meanings depending on context. It is used to designate the monarch in either a personal capacity, as Head of the Commonwealth, or as the king or queen of his or her realms. It can also refer to the rule of law; however, in common parlance 'The Crown' refers to the functions of government and the civil service.

In 1631 his father secured for him the reversion of a clerkship of the signet, and soon afterwards he entered the service of Thomas Howard the Earl Marshal. In 1635–1636 he was travelling in Spain and Italy. By 1640 he was back in England and was M.P. for Wootton Basset in Wiltshire in the Short Parliament. [1] [3] He took up his duties as Clerk of the Signet in 1641. [4]

Earl Marshal hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom

Earl Marshal is a hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom used in England. He is the eighth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord High Constable and above the Lord High Admiral.

Short Parliament Parliament of England that was summoned by King Charles I of England

The Short Parliament was a Parliament of England that was summoned by King Charles I of England on 20 February 1640 and sat from 13 April to 5 May 1640. It was so called because of its short life of only three weeks.

He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War, [1] and was created a baronet on 25 November 1645. [5] He compounded on the Oxford articles. [6] After the Restoration, Windebank was clerk to the signet again from 1660 to 1674. [4]

Family

He was married and left a son Francis, on whose death in 1719 the baronetcy became extinct. [1] [5]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Pollard 1900, p. 165.
  2. Williams 1836, p. 313.
  3. Willis 1750, p. 237.
  4. 1 2 Sainty 1999.
  5. 1 2 Burke & Burke 1838, p. 573.
  6. Pollard 1900 , p. 165 cites Cal. Comm. for Comp. p. 1465.

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Attribution
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Wootton Bassett
1640
With: Edward Hyde
Succeeded by
William Pleydell
Edward Poole