Thompson Square station

Last updated
Thompson Square
Thompson Square Station.jpg
Thompson Square station, circa 1970
Location Charlestown, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°22′30.16″N71°3′50.52″W / 42.3750444°N 71.0640333°W / 42.3750444; -71.0640333 Coordinates: 42°22′30.16″N71°3′50.52″W / 42.3750444°N 71.0640333°W / 42.3750444; -71.0640333
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Line(s) Charlestown Elevated
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
History
OpenedMay 22, 1902 [1]
ClosedApril 4, 1975 [1]
Services
Preceding station MBTA.svg MBTA Following station
City Square
toward Forest Hills
Orange Line Sullivan Square
toward Everett

Thompson Square was a rapid transit station in Charlestown, Massachusetts. It served the Charlestown Elevated, part of the MBTA's Orange Line, from 1902 until 1975.

Rapid transit passenger rail system in an urban area

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit (MRT), also known as heavy rail, metro, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas. Unlike buses or trams, rapid transit systems are electric railways that operate on an exclusive right-of-way, which cannot be accessed by pedestrians or other vehicles of any sort, and which is often grade separated in tunnels or on elevated railways.

Charlestown Elevated architectural structure

The Charlestown Elevated was a segment of the MBTA Orange Line rapid transit line that ran from the Canal Street Incline in downtown Boston, Massachusetts through Charlestown to a terminal in Everett, Massachusetts. It opened in June 1901 and was replaced by the Haymarket North Extension in April 1975.

Orange Line (MBTA) MBTA subway line

The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden in the north. It meets the Red Line at Downtown Crossing, the Blue Line at State, and the Green Line at Haymarket and North Station. It connects with Amtrak service at Back Bay and North Station, and with MBTA Commuter Rail service at Back Bay, North Station, Forest Hills, Ruggles station in Roxbury, and Malden Center in Malden. From 1901 to 1987, it provided the first elevated rapid transit in Boston; the last elevated section was torn down in 1987 when the southern portion of the line was moved to the Southwest Corridor.

Contents

History

Thompson Square station opened on May 22, 1902, almost a year after the rest of the Charlestown Elevated line, as an infill station. It was closed in 1975, when the line was rerouted into a tunnel that was constructed as part of the Haymarket North Extension project. [1] The station was lowered to the ground, with plans to reuse the structure as a restaurant, but it was destroyed by fire on April 19, 1976, before the conversion could be done. [2] [3]

An infill station is a train station built on an existing passenger rail, rapid transit, or light rail line to address demand in a location between existing stations. Such stations take advantage of existing train service and encourage new riders by providing a more convenient location. Many older transit systems have widely spaced stations and can benefit from infill stations. In some cases, new infill station are built at sites where a station had once existed many years ago, for example the Cermak–McCormick Place station on the Chicago "L"'s Green Line.

The Haymarket North Extension is a section of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's rapid transit Orange Line which currently constitutes the northern section of the line. It runs from North Station through an underground crossing of the Charles River, then along the Haverhill Line right-of-way to Oak Grove station in Malden, Massachusetts. Built to replace the Charlestown Elevated and originally intended to be extended as far as Reading, it opened in stages between 1975 and 1977.

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Everett station (MBTA) former rapid transit station in Everett, Massachusetts

Everett was a rapid transit station in Everett, Massachusetts. It served the MBTA's Orange Line. It opened in 1919 as an extension of the Charlestown Elevated, and served as its northern terminus until the Elevated was closed and demolished in 1975, when it was replaced by the Haymarket North Extension.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Belcher, Jonathan. "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit.
  2. Giordano, Kathleen Whelan (26 July 2011). "The Removal of the "El"". Charlestown Patch. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  3. "Fire destroys converted train station". Berkshire Eagle. 21 April 1975. p. 17 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg

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