Thon Buri (disambiguation)

Last updated

Thonburi is a former capital of Siam (now Thailand) and now a part of Bangkok. The name may also refer to:

Thonburi area of Bangkok

Thonburi is an area of modern Bangkok. During the era of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, its location on the right (west) bank at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River had made it an important garrison town, which is reflected in its name: thon (ธน) a loanword from Pali dhána wealth and buri (บุรี), from púra fortress. The full formal name was Thon Buri Si Mahasamut (กรุงธนบุรีศรีมหาสมุทร 'City of Treasures Gracing the Ocean'. For the informal name, see the history of Bangkok under Ayutthaya.

Thon Buri District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Thon Buri is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. On the west bank of Chao Phraya River, it was once part of Thon Buri Province. Neighboring districts are Bangkok Yai, Phra Nakhon, Khlong San, Bang Kho Laem, Rat Burana, Chom Thong, and Phasi Charoen.

Thonburi Kingdom former country

Kingdom of Thonburi was a Siamese kingdom after the downfall of the Ayutthaya Kingdom by the Konbaung Burmese invader. The kingdom was founded by King Taksin the Great, who relocated the capital to Thonburi. The kingdom of Thonburi existed from 1767 to 1782. In 1782, King Rama I founded the Rattanakosin Kingdom and relocated the capital to Bangkok on the other side of the Chao Phraya River, thus bringing the Thonburi kingdom to an end. The city of Thonburi remained an independent town and province until it was merged into Bangkok in 1971.

Taksin King of Siam

Taksin the Great or the King of Thonburi was the only King of the Thonburi Kingdom. He had been an Ekatat servant and then was a leader in the liberation of Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords. He established the city of Thonburi as the new capital, as the city of Ayutthaya had been almost completely destroyed by the invaders. His reign was characterized by numerous wars; he fought to repel new Burmese invasions and to subjugate the northern Thai kingdom of Lanna, the Laotian principalities, and a threatening Cambodia.

See also

Related Research Articles

Khlong San District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong San is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. On the west bank of Chao Phraya River, its neighboring districts across the river are Phra Nakhon, Samphanthawong, Bang Rak, Sathon, and Bang Kho Laem. On the west side of the river, the only land neighbor is Thon Buri District.

Bangkok Yai District Khet in Bangkok

Bangkok Yai is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. Neighbouring districts are Bangkok Noi, Phra Nakhon, Thon Buri, Phasi Charoen, and Taling Chan.

Rat Burana District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Rat Burana is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by Amphoe Phra Pradaeng of Samut Prakan Province, Thung Khru, Chom Thong and Thon Buri districts of Bangkok while its north to east is Chao Phraya River with (clockwise) Bang Kho Laem and Yan Nawa districts across the river.

Thung Khru District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Thung Khru is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by Rat Burana District of Bangkok, Amphoe Phra Pradaeng and Amphoe Phra Samut Chedi of Samut Prakan Province, Bang Khun Thian and Chom Thong of Bangkok.

Chom Thong District, Bangkok Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Chom Thong is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by the districts Phasi Charoen, Thon Buri, Rat Burana, Thung Khru, Bang Khun Thian, and Bang Bon.

History of Bangkok

The history of the city of Bangkok, in Thailand, dates at least to the early–15th century, when it was under the rule of Ayutthaya. Due to its strategic location near the mouth of the Chao Phraya River, the town gradually increased in importance, and after the fall of Ayutthaya King Taksin established his new capital of Thonburi there, on the river's west bank. King Phutthayotfa Chulalok, who succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank in 1782, to which the city dates its foundation under its current Thai name, "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon". Bangkok has since undergone tremendous changes, growing rapidly, especially in the second half of the 20th century, to become the primate city of Thailand. It was the centre of Siam's modernization in the late–19th century, subjected to Allied bombing during the Second World War, and has long been the modern nation's central political stage, with numerous uprisings and coups d'état having taken place on its streets throughout the years.

Wongwian Yai rounabout in Bangkok, Thailand

Wongwian Yai, also spelled "Wong Wian Yai" or "Wongwien Yai", is a large roundabout in Thonburi, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, Thailand, where the statue of King Taksin is situated. It is in the Thon Buri District and Khlong San District in the centre of Bangkok, at the intersection of Prajadhipok/Inthara Phithak/Lat Ya/Somdet Phra Chao Taksin Roads. Nearby is Wongwian Yai Station, a historical commuter railway terminal to Mahachai and Mae Khlong, a southwestern suburb of Bangkok.

Krung Thonburi BTS station

Krung Thonburi station is a BTS Skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Khlong San District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is on Krung Thon Buri Road. It was the first station of Bangkok's rapid transit system on the Chao Phraya River's west bank.

Wongwian Yai station

Wongwian Yai station is a BTS skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Khlong San District, Bangkok, Thailand. The station is on Krung Thon Buri Road to the west of Taksin intersection.

Bangkok Noi railway station former railway station in Bangkok, Thailand

The old Thonburi railway station, originally known as Bangkok Noi railway station, is a former railway station in Bangkok, Thailand. It was the terminus of the Southern Line of Thailand's national rail network from 1903 to 1999.

Southern Line (Thailand) railway line in Thailand

Southern Line is a railway line in Thailand, built and owned by State Railway of Thailand (SRT), located in some provinces in Central, Western, and Southern region of Thailand. Its length is 1,144.29 kilometres, making it the longest railway line in Thailand.

Salaya railway station is a railway station located in Salaya Subdistrict, Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Province and is a class 1 railway station. It is located 19.081 kilometres (11.9 mi) from Thonburi railway station. Salaya railway station is close to Mahidol University and Mahidol Witthayanusorn School and therefore the station also serves these two institutes.

Thon Buri railway station railway station in Bangkok, Thailand

Thon Buri railway station or Bangkok Noi railway station (สถานีรถไฟบางกอกน้อย) in the past, is a railway station in Siriraj Sub-district, Bangkok Noi District, Bangkok. It is a class 1 railway station and is the current terminus of the Thon Buri Branch Line. Near the station is a railway depot which keeps five functional steam locomotives operable for four special occasions. Thon Buri station is the only station in Bangkok that has railway semaphore signals still present on the station grounds.

Thonburirom Park

Thonburirom Park, widely known as Suan Thon (สวนธน), is the first public park in Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand. The park offers rare open public space, trees, and playgrounds. It has a total land area of 63 rai (ไร่) and is located along Puttabucha Road, Bang Mod, Thung Kru district. The park is situated near the district’s public library and behind King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT). It is open daily 05:00–21:00.

Samitivej

Samitivej PCL, doing business as Samitivej Hospitals, is a private hospital brand in Thailand. It operates hospitals and health centres in Bangkok and Chonburi Province.

Bang Yi Ruea subdistrict in Thon Buri district, Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Yi Ruea is a khwaeng (sub-district) in Thon Buri district, Thonburi side of Bangkok. It has a total area of 1.523 km2.

Bang Luang Mosque mosque in Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Luang Mosque is a historic mosque in Bangkok located in Soi Arun Amarin 7, New Arun Amarin Road, Wat Kanlaya Subdistrict, Thon Buri District, Thonburi side within Kudi Khao Community by the Khlong Bangkok Yai near mouth of Chao Phraya River, it's also known as Kudi Khao and Kudi To Yi.

Khlong Bangkok Yai canal in Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong Bangkok Yai is a historic khlong of Bangkok. Originally it was part of the Chao Phraya River, In the past, Chao Phraya River has a more tortuous condition than present. Those who travel by boat must cruise along the river, which takes more than one day. It's a waste of time. Until in the reign of King Chairachathirat (1534–46) of Ayutthaya Kingdom, he ordered to be canalize through the mid of Chao Phraya River, reduce travel time faster, named Khlong Lat Bangkok, and make the original Chao Phraya River become two canals are Khlong Bangkok Yai (lower) and Khlong Bangkok Noi (upper) until today.