Thorfinn Karlsefni (sculpture)

Last updated
Thorfinn Karlsefni
Thorfinn Karlsefni 1918.jpg
Artist Einar Jónsson
Year1920
TypeBronze
Dimensions210 cm× 140 cm× 120 cm(84 in× 54 in× 48 in)
LocationPhiladelphia
Coordinates 39°58′13″N75°11′24″W / 39.9702°N 75.19005°W / 39.9702; -75.19005
OwnerCity of Philadelphia
Fairmount Park Commission

Thorfinn Karlsefni is a bronze statue by Icelandic sculptor Einar Jónsson. The first casting of it is located in Fairmount Park on Kelly Drive, at the North end of Boathouse Row, Philadelphia. The sculpture was commissioned by Joseph Bunford Samuel through a bequest that his wife, Ellen Phillips Samuel, made to the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association), [1] specifying that the funds were to be used to create a series of sculptures "emblematic of the history of America." [2] Thorfinn Karlsefni (1915–1918) was installed along Philadelphia's Kelly Drive near the Samuel Memorial and unveiled on November 20, 1920. [3] The artwork is one of 51 sculptures included in the Association for Public Art's Museum Without Walls: AUDIO™ interpretive audio program for Philadelphia's outdoor sculpture. [4] There is another casting of the statue in Reykjavík, Iceland.

Contents

External media
Audio
Nuvola apps arts.svg Thorfinn Karlsefni (1915–1918), Association for Public Art, Audio only
Video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Thorfinn Karlsefni (1915–1918), Association for Public Art [5]

The inscription reads: (Sculpture, lower proper left:)
Einar Jonsson
sculptor
1915-18
(On back of Karlsefni's shield: Icelandic verse)
From the island of the North, of ice and snow,
Of blossoming valleys and blue mountains,
Of the midnight sun and the dreamy mists,
The home of the goddess of northern lights.
(Base, front:)
Thorfinn Karlsefni
Icelander
1003-1006
(Base, front plaque:)
Following Leif Ericson's Discovery of
North America in 1003, Thorfinn Karlsefni
with 165 men and 35 women established a
settlement which lasted for 3 years and
his son Snorri was born in North America
Leif Ericson Society of Pennsylvania
Scandinavian Craft Club of Philadelphia
October 9, 1974 [6]

Reykjavik version of the statue Statue by Einar Jonsson created 1915-1918 of Thorfinn Karlsefni.jpg
Reykjavík version of the statue

Vandalism

White supremacists held events at the Philadelphia statue in 2008 and 2013. [7] The statue was spray painted with anarchist and antifascist symbols in 2017, and then was toppled from its base and dragged into the Schuylkill River in the overnight hours between October 1 and 2, 2018. [8] As of July 2020 the statue had still not been returned to display, although it had been recovered from the river and was awaiting restoration. [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

Vinland Area of coastal Canada explored by Norse Vikings

Vinland, Vineland or Winland was an area of coastal North America explored by Vikings. Leif Erikson first landed there around 1000 CE, nearly five centuries before the voyages of Christopher Columbus and John Cabot. The name appears in the Vinland Sagas, and presumably describes Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence as far as northeastern New Brunswick. Much of the geographical content of the sagas corresponds to present-day knowledge of transatlantic travel and North America.

Erik the Red Norse explorer

Erik Thorvaldsson, known as Erik the Red, was a Norse explorer, described in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first settlement in Greenland. He most likely earned the epithet "the Red" due to the color of his hair and beard. According to Icelandic sagas, he was born in the Jæren district of Rogaland, Norway, as the son of Thorvald Asvaldsson. One of Erik's sons was the well-known Icelandic explorer Leif Erikson.

Leif Erikson 10th century Norse explorer

Leif Erikson, Leiv Eiriksson or Leif Ericson was a Norse explorer from Iceland. He is thought to have been the first European to have set foot on continental North America, approximately half a millennium before Christopher Columbus. According to the sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, which is usually interpreted as being coastal North America. There is ongoing speculation that the settlement made by Leif and his crew corresponds to the remains of a Norse settlement found in Newfoundland, Canada, called L'Anse aux Meadows and which was occupied c. 1000.

Gudrid Thorbjarnardóttir

Gudrid Thorbjarnardóttir was an Icelandic explorer, born at Laugarbrekka in Snæfellsnes, Iceland.

<i>Saga of Erik the Red</i> Icelandic saga about the Norse exploration of North America

The Saga of Erik the Red, in Old Norse: Eiríks saga rauða, is an Icelandic saga on the Norse exploration of North America. The original saga is thought to have been written in the 13th century. It is preserved in somewhat different versions in two manuscripts: Hauksbók and Skálholtsbók.

Fairmount Park United States historic place

Fairmount Park is the largest municipal park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the historic name for a group of parks located throughout the city. Fairmount Park consists of two park sections named East Park and West Park, divided by the Schuylkill River, with the two sections together totalling 2,052 acres (830 ha). Management of Fairmount Park and the entire citywide park system is overseen by Philadelphia Parks & Recreation, a city department created in 2010 from the merger of the Fairmount Park Commission and the Department of Recreation.

William Rush

William Rush was a U.S. neoclassical sculptor from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is considered the first major American sculptor. Rush was born in Philadelphia, the fourth child of Joseph Rush, a ship's carpenter, and first wife, Rebecca Lincoln. As a teenager, he apprenticed three years with woodcarver Edward Cutbush, and soon surpassed his master in the art of carving of ships' figureheads in wood. He saw military service during the American Revolution, as an officer in the militia. He opened his own wood carving business, and was in great demand when the U.S. Navy began building ships on Philadelphia. Later in life, he took up sculpture. Rush was one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and taught sculpture there. He was also active in local politics, serving on the Philadelphia City Council for two decades. Rush died in Philadelphia in 1833, and is buried at The Woodlands (Philadelphia).

Einar Jónsson

Einar Jónsson was an Icelandic sculptor, born in Galtafell, a farm in southern Iceland.

Alexander Stirling Calder

Alexander Stirling Calder was an American sculptor and teacher. He was the son of sculptor Alexander Milne Calder and the father of sculptor Alexander (Sandy) Calder. His best-known works are George Washington as President on the Washington Square Arch in New York City, the Swann Memorial Fountain in Philadelphia, and the Leif Eriksson Memorial in Reykjavík, Iceland.

Thorvald Eiriksson

Thorvald Eiriksson was the son of Erik the Red and brother of Leif Erikson. The only Medieval Period source material available regarding Thorvald Eiriksson are the two Vinland sagas; the Greenland Saga and the Saga of Erik the Red. Although differing in various detail, according to both sagas Thorvald was part of an expedition for the exploration of Vinland and became the first European to die in North America.

Thorfinn Karlsefni

Thorfinn Karlsefni Thórdarson was an Icelandic explorer. Around the year 1010, he followed Leif Eriksson's route to Vinland in a short-lived attempt to establish a permanent settlement there with his wife Gudrid Thorbjarnardóttir and their followers.

Benjamin Franklin Parkway

Benjamin Franklin Parkway, commonly abbreviated to Ben Franklin Parkway, and colloquially in local usage "the Parkway", is a scenic boulevard that runs through the cultural heart of Philadelphia. Named for Founding Father Benjamin Franklin, the mile-long Parkway cuts diagonally across the grid plan pattern of Center City's northwest quadrant. It starts at Philadelphia City Hall, curves around Logan Circle, and ends before the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

<i>Swann Memorial Fountain</i> Fountain by Alexander Stirling Calder

The Swann Memorial Fountain is an art deco fountain sculpture located in the center of Logan Circle in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

<i>Saga of the Greenlanders</i> Icelandic saga about the Norse exploration of North America

Grœnlendinga saga is one of the sagas of Icelanders. Like the Saga of Erik the Red, it is one of the two main sources on the Norse colonization of the Americas. The Saga of the Greenlanders starts with Erik the Red, who leaves Norway and colonizes Greenland. The Saga also describes the expeditions of Leif Erikson.

3rd Sculpture International

3rd Sculpture International was a 1949 exhibition of contemporary sculpture held inside and outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. It featured works by 250 sculptors from around the world, and ran from May 15 to September 11, 1949. The exhibition was organized by the Fairmount Park Art Association under the terms of a bequest made to the Association by the late Ellen Phillips Samuel.

Association for Public Art

Established in 1872 in Philadelphia, the Association for Public Art is the United States' first private, nonprofit public art organization dedicated to integrating public art and urban planning. The Association for Public Art (aPA) commissions, preserves, promotes and interprets public art in Philadelphia, and it is largely due to the work of the aPA that Philadelphia has one of the largest public art collections in the country. The aPA has acquired and commissioned works by many famous sculptors ; supported city planning projects; established an outdoor sculpture conservation program; and sponsored numerous publications, exhibitions, and educational programs. The aPA interprets and preserves more than 200 works of art throughout Philadelphia – working closely with the city's Public Art Office, Fairmount Park, and other organizations and agencies responsible for placing and caring for outdoor sculpture in Philadelphia – and maintains an inventory of all of the city's public art.

<i>Iroquois</i> (di Suvero)

Iroquois is a sculpture by American artist Mark di Suvero, owned by the Association for Public Art. The artwork is located at the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, at Eakins Oval and 24th Street, Philadelphia, United States. Iroquois is one of the many sculptures included in the Association's for Public Art's Museum Without Walls: AUDIO™ interpretive audio program for Philadelphia's outdoor sculpture.

Playing Angels is a sculpture series along the Schuylkill River and Kelly Drive in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It consists of three boy-shaped angels standing about six feet tall with wings and musical instruments. The bronze pieces are balanced on separate concrete pedestals overlooking the river bank and are about a mile away from Boathouse Row.

References

  1. "Full text of "The Icelander Thorfinn Karlsefni who Visited the Western Hemisphere in 1007"" . Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  2. "Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial Sculpture Garden | Association for Public Art". Associationforpublicart.org. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  3. "Interactive Art Map | Thorfinn Karlsefni | Association for Public Art". Associationforpublicart.org. 1920-11-20. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  4. "Museum Without Walls". Museumwithoutwallsaudio.org. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  5. "Thorfinn Karlsefni (1915–1918)". Museum Without Walls™. Association for Public Art . Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  6. "Thorfinn Karlsefni, (sculpture)". Siris-artinventories.si.edu. 1974-10-09. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
  7. "Where is Philly's viking statue that got thrown into the river?".
  8. "Philly's Thorfinn Karlsefni Statue Toppled into Schuylkill River". NBC10 Philadelphia. 2018-10-02. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  9. "Where is Philly's viking statue that got thrown into the river?".