Throne of England

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The Throne of England is the throne of the Monarch of England. "Throne of England" also refers metonymically to the office of monarch, [1] and monarchy itself. [2] The term "Throne of Great Britain" has been used in reference to Sovereign's Throne in the House of Lords, from which a monarch gives his or her speech at the State opening of Parliament. [3]



The English Throne is one of the oldest continuing hereditary monarchies in the world. In much the same sense as The Crown, the Throne of England becomes an abstract metonymic concept that represents the legal authority for the existence of the government. [4] It evolved naturally as a separation of the literal throne and property of the nation-state from the person and personal property of the monarch. [5]

According to tradition, the roots of British monarchy extend into legends before the ninth-century king Alfred the Great. [6] On 1 May 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain [7] was created by the political union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. In this period, the "Throne of the United Kingdom" was merged in usage with the "Throne of England."

The modern Queen or King is a constitutional monarch, [8] and the 20th century governmental policies of devolution have accorded new emphasis on the Throne of England and the Throne of Scotland.

The fungible meanings of "Throne of England" encompass the modern monarchy and the chronological list of legendary and historical monarchs of England, Scotland and the United Kingdom. [9]

Rhetorical usage

This view of the throne in the Palace of Westminster shows the House of Lords in session in the early 19th century before Parliament was destroyed by fire in 1834. House of Lords Microcosm edited.jpg
This view of the throne in the Palace of Westminster shows the House of Lords in session in the early 19th century before Parliament was destroyed by fire in 1834.

This flexible English term is also a rhetorical trope. Depending on context, the Throne of England can be construed as a metonymy, which is a rhetorical device for an allusion relying on proximity or correspondence, as for example referring to actions of the king or queen or as "actions of the throne." The throne is also understood as a synecdoche, which is related to metonymy and metaphor in suggesting a play on words by identifying a closely related conceptualisation, e.g.,

See also


  1. Williams, David. (1858). The preceptor's assistant, or, Miscellaneous questions in general history, literature, and science, p. 153.
  2. 1 2 Gordon, Delahay. (1760). A General History of the Lives, Trials, and Executions of All the Royal and Noble Personages, that Have Suffered in Great-Britain and Ireland for High Treason, Or Other Crimes: From the Accession of Henry VIII. to the Throne of England, Down to the Present Time, p. 55.
  3. The Encyclopedia Britannica. 22. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. 1929. p. 163.
  4. Williams, p. 153; Jeudwine, John Wynne. (1835). The First Twelve Centuries of British Story, p. 187.
  5. Gordon, p. 440.
  6. Williams, p. 60; Jeudwine, p. 60.
  7. Parliament, UK: Archived 26 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine Acts of Union, 1707; Scottish history online, Union.
  8. Shawcross, William. (2002). Queen and Country: The Fifty-year Reign of Elizabeth II, pp. 65-66.
  9. Jeudwine, p. 398.
  10. Gordon, p. 72.
  11. Williams, p. 64.
  12. Russell, John. (1844). History of England: With Separate Historical Sketches of Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; from the Invasion of Julius Cæsar Until the Accession of Queen Victoria to the British Throne, p. 153.

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