Thurakapalem

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Thurakapalem
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Thurakapalem
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
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Thurakapalem
Thurakapalem (India)
Coordinates: 16°19′50″N80°3′53″E / 16.33056°N 80.06472°E / 16.33056; 80.06472 Coordinates: 16°19′50″N80°3′53″E / 16.33056°N 80.06472°E / 16.33056; 80.06472
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Taluka Sattenapalli
Mandal Muppalla
Government
  Village Revenue OfficerSri
  Village Revenue Asst.Sri
Population
(2011)
  Total1,400
Languages
  Official Telugu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
522 408
Telephone code91 8641
Vehicle registration AP 07
Literacy99%

Thurakapalem is a village located in Muppalla Mandal of Guntur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India This village comes under the jurisdiction of Sattenapalli Assembly Constituency and Narasaraopet Parliamentary Constituency.

Muppalla Village in Andhra Pradesh, India

Muppallaofficial website is a village in Ipur mandal,Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Guntur Metropolis in Andhra Pradesh, India

Guntur ; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. Located 24 km (15 mi) away from the state capital Amaravati, Guntur city is the administrative headquarters of Guntur district, of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and also the headquarters of Guntur mandal in Guntur revenue division. It is situated on the plains at a distance of 40 miles (64 km) to north of the Bay of Bengal. The city is the third most populous in the state with a population of 743,654 and urban agglomeration population around one million as per 2011 census of India.

Andhra Pradesh State in southern India

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India. Situated in the south-east of the country, it is the seventh-largest state in India, covering an area of 162,970 km2 (62,920 sq mi). As per the 2011 census, it is the tenth most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The largest city in Andhra Pradesh is Visakhapatnam. Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the major and official language of Andhra Pradesh.

Contents

History

Thurakapalem was founded around 1840. Many families left Gandikota to escape Muslim aggression in that region, and settled in Guntur district. [1] These families, called Gandikota Kammas, originally practiced Hinduism, but converted to Roman Catholicism 50 years later with the arrival of the Irish ( Mill Hill) missionaries to the Guntur district around 1890.[ citation needed ]

Gandikota Historical site in Andhra Pradesh, India

Gandikota is a village on the right bank of the river Pennar, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Gandikota was ruled by Kamma kings for more than 200 years.

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal tradition", or the "eternal way", beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This "Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the end of the Vedic period, and flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India.

Geography

Thurakapalem is located at 16°19′48″N80°03′58″E / 16.330°N 80.066°E / 16.330; 80.066 . It has an average elevation of 59 meters (302 ft) above sea level and is situated in the plains. It covers an area of approximately 800 acres and is located approximately 62 miles (100 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal. This area considered rich with fertile, arable land irrigated by canals. The type of soil is predominantly black cotton soil known as "nalla regadi boomi" in Telugu.

Plain Extensive flat region that generally does not vary much in elevation

In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping landmass that generally does not change much in elevation. Plains occur as lowlands along the bottoms of valleys or on the doorsteps of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or uplands.

Bay of Bengal Northeastern part of the Indian Ocean between India and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The Bay of Bengal is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and northwest by India on the north by Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India. Its southern limit is a line between Sri Lanka and the northwesternmost point of Sumatra (Indonesia). It is the largest water region called a bay in the world. There are Countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Bay of Bengal was also called the Chola Lake.

An East and West view of the Village. Thurakapalem village overview.png
An East and West view of the Village.

The area generally has a warm, dry climate with extremely hot summers. The year may be divided into four climatic seasons: a dry and cool winter season (December to February), the summer season (March to May), the southwest monsoon season (June to September), and the post-monsoon, or retreating monsoon season (October to November). The temperature reaches 48 °C (118 °F) in the summer, falling to 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) in the winter. The yearly average temperature is 27 °C (81 °F).

Monsoon seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea. Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the rainy phase of a seasonally changing pattern, although technically there is also a dry phase. The term is sometimes incorrectly used for locally heavy but short-term rains, although these rains meet the dictionary definition of monsoon.

Storms and depressions originating in the Bay of Bengal cross the district from the east. These cause widespread and very heavy rains and strong winds, mainly during the seasons of the southwest monsoon and the retreating monsoon. October is the wettest month of the year.

Demography

The population of Thurakapalem (as of the 2011 India census) is 1,400. The main religion practiced is Roman Catholicism, with a few Hindus also residing in the village. Males and females each constitute approximately 50 per cent of the population. The village has an average literacy rate of 99 percent, with male literacy at 99 percent and female literacy at 96 percent. Ten percent of the population of Thurakapalem is under six years of age.[ citation needed ]. Several residents of the village migrated to towns and cities and also settled abroad.

Culture

The spoken language of Thurakapalem is Telugu. The traditional clothing consists of sari for women and pancha, lungi, or uttariya for men. Until 1940, Thurkapalem, as a part of the Guntur District, fell under the Catholic Diocese of Nellore. On February 23, 1940, Guntur split from the Diocese of Nellore and became a diocese in its own right, the Diocese of Guntur, led by its first bishop, Thomas Pothacamury. [2]

Sari womans draped garment of South Asia

A sari, saree or shari is a women's garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards in length and two to four feet in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff. There are various styles sari manufacture and draping, the most common being the Nivi style, which originated in Deccan region of India. The sari is worn with fitted bodice commonly called a choli and petticoat called parkar or ul-pavadai. In the modern Indian subcontinent, the sari is considered a cultural icon.

Dhoti traditional mens garment of South Asia

The dhoti, also known as panche, vesti, dhuti, mardani, chaadra, dhotar or panchey, is a traditional men's garment worn in the Indian subcontinent. It is a rectangular piece of unstitched cloth, usually around 4.5 metres (15 ft) long, wrapped around the waist and the legs and knotted at the waist.

Lungi

The lungi is a type of sarong, that originated in the Indian subcontinent, worn around the waist in Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand. It is particularly popular in regions where the heat and humidity create an unpleasant climate for trousers.

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{{Infobox river | name = Uttara pinakini | name_native = | name_native_lang = | name_other = Pennar, Penner, Penneru or 'penna | name_etymology = | image = Andhra Pradesh topo leer.png | image_size = 250 px | image_caption = Map showing the river. | map = | map_size = | map_caption = | pushpin_map = | pushpin_map_size = | pushpin_map_caption= | subdivision_type1 = Country | subdivision_name1 = India | subdivision_type2 = State | subdivision_name2 = [[karnataka], [[andhra pradesh] | subdivision_type3 = Region | subdivision_name3 = South India | subdivision_type4 = District | subdivision_name4 = Kolar, Tumkur, Anantpur district, Kadapa and Nellore | subdivision_type5 = Cities | subdivision_name5 = Hindupur, Ananthapur, Proddatur, Kadapa, Nellore | length = 597 km (371 mi) | width_min = | width_avg = | width_max = | depth_min = | depth_avg = | depth_max = | discharge1_location= Nellore, max (1991) | discharge1_min = 0 m3/s (0 cu ft/s) | discharge1_avg = 200.4 m3/s (7,080 cu ft/s) | discharge1_max = 1,876 m3/s (66,300 cu ft/s) | source1 = South India | source1_location = 13.35°N 77.60°E, Chikkaballapur district, Nandi Hills, Karnataka, India | source1_coordinates= | source1_elevation = | mouth = Bay of Bengal | mouth_location = 14.58°N 80.14°E, Nellore, Utukuru, Andhra Pradesh, India | mouth_coordinates = | mouth_elevation = 0 m (0 ft) | progression = | river_system = | basin_size = 55,213 km2 (21,318 sq mi) | tributaries_left = Jayamangali, Kunderu, Sagileru | tributaries_right = Chitravati, Papagni, Cheyyeru | custom_label = | custom_data = | extra = }}

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References

  1. "Thurakapalem (Gandikota)". thurakapalem-gandikota.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. "Diocese of Guntur". Amruthavani Communications Center. Glovus Technologies. Retrieved 15 June 2014.

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