Thurston County Courthouse
Thurston County Courthouse, seen from the southwest. The portion at left is an addition of recent date.
|Location||Main St. between 5th and 6th Sts., Pender, Nebraska|
|Architect||Reynolds, J.F. (1927 conversion)|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian|
|MPS||County Courthouses of Nebraska MPS|
|NRHP reference #||89002209|
|Added to NRHP||January 10, 1990|
Thurston County Courthouse in Pender, Nebraska is a Late Victorian style building. It has also been known as 2nd Thurston County Courthouse and Pender School. It was built as a school in 1895 and was converted to a courthouse in 1927. Architect J.F. Reynolds of Sioux City, Iowa designed the conversion.
Pender is a village in Thurston County, Nebraska, United States. On March 22, 2016, the United States Supreme Court resolved a disagreement as to whether Pender is located on the Omaha Indian Reservation, holding unanimously that "the disputed land is within the reservation’s boundaries." The predominantly European-American population was 1,002 at the 2010 census.
John F. Reynolds, usually known as J.F. Reynolds, was an architect of Sioux City, Iowa and Lincoln, Nebraska. He designed schools and courthouses. Several of his works have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) for their architecture.
Sioux City is a city in Woodbury and Plymouth counties in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 82,684 in the 2010 census, which makes it the fourth largest city in Iowa. The bulk of the city is in Woodbury County, of which it is the county seat, though a small portion is in Plymouth County. Sioux City is located at the navigational head of the Missouri River. The city is home to several cultural points of interest including the Sioux City Public Museum, Sioux City Art Center and Sergeant Floyd Monument, which is a National Historic Landmark. The city is also home to Chris Larsen Park, commonly referred to as “the Riverfront,” includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center. Sioux City is the primary city of the five-county Sioux City, IA–NE–SD Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a population of 168,825 in 2010 and a slight increase to an estimated 168,921 in 2012. The Sioux City–Vermillion, IA–NE–SD Combined Statistical Area had a population of 182,675 as of 2010 and has grown to an estimated population of 183,052 as of 2012.
The 1927 conversion created permanent courthouse space adequate for the court, which was desirable to settle dispute within the county about the county seat's proper location. Pender, established in 1884, has always been the county seat of Thurston County, established in 1889, but during the early 1900s the town of Walthill struggled to obtain the seat instead. The First Thurston County Courthouse (also NRHP-listed) had inadequate space and the county leased additional space from the nearby Palace Hotel. As part of promoting a county seat change, Walthill proponents sued the county commissioners to dispute the leasing arrangement in a case that won in a lower court and then went up to the Nebraska Supreme Court, which upheld the leasing arrangement and reversed the lower court decision. Walthill also pursued a petition drive which failed after Pender advocates established that there was fraud in obtaining signatures. The controversy included other charges back and forth, and went on during 1909 and 1910. 6–7:
Thurston County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 6,940. Its county seat is Pender.
Walthill is a village in Thurston County, Nebraska, United States, within the Omaha Reservation. The population was 780 at the 2010 census.
The First Thurston County Courthouse, in Pender, Nebraska, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. It consists of two contributing buildings.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1990.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
This is a list of more than 1,100 properties and districts in Nebraska that are on the National Register of Historic Places. Of these, 20 are National Historic Landmarks. There are listings in 90 of the state's 93 counties.
Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte Memorial Hospital, also known as Walthill Hospital or Dr. Susan Picotte Memorial Hospital, is a former hospital building at 505 Matthewson Street in Walthill, Nebraska, on the Omaha Indian Reservation. The hospital was developed by Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte (1865–1915), the first female Native American medical doctor. Built with money raised by Picotte from various sources, it was the first hospital for any Indian reservation not funded by government money. It served the community as a hospital until the 1940s, and has had a variety of other uses since. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1993.
The Omaha Reservation of the federally recognized Omaha tribe is located mostly in Thurston County, Nebraska, with sections in neighboring Cuming and Burt counties, in addition to Monona County in Iowa. As of the 2000 federal census, the reservation population was 5,194. The tribal seat of government is in Macy. The villages of Rosalie, Pender and Walthill are located within reservation boundaries, as is the northernmost part of Bancroft. Due to land sales in the area since the reservation was established, Pender has disputed tribal jurisdiction over it.
The Crawford County Courthouse is in Denison, Iowa, United States, the county seat of Crawford County. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981. The courthouse is the second building the county has used for court functions and county administration.
The Sioux County Courthouse, located at the northeast corner of Main and 3rd Streets in Harrison, is the center of government of Sioux County, Nebraska. The courthouse was built in 1930 to replace the county's first courthouse, an 1888 building that had fallen into poor condition. Architect E.L. Goldsmith of Scottsbluff designed the courthouse in the County Citadel style, a Classical Revival-influenced design used in six Nebraska courthouses. The courthouse's design features six fluted pilasters on the front facade and a central entrance with a round arch. The front side of the building also includes a lintel above the doorway, moldings with decorative capitals around the entrance, and a cornice with the inscription "Sioux County Court House".
The Calhoun County Courthouse, located in Rockwell City, Iowa, United States, was built in 1914. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 as a part of the County Courthouses in Iowa Thematic Resource. The courthouse is the fourth structure to house court functions and county administration.
The Inyo County Courthouse, on N. Edwards St. in Independence, California, was designed by architect William H. Weeks in Classical Revival style, and was built in 1921. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998.
The Cherry County Courthouse, at 4th and Main Sts. in Valentine, Nebraska, is a Romanesque-style historic building that was built in 1901. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In its NRHP nomination, the courthouse was deemed "historically significant for its association with politics and local government", and serving as a good example of a county government building in Nebraska.
The San Bernardino County Court House, located at 351 N. Arrowhead Ave. in San Bernardino, is the county courthouse for San Bernardino County, California. The courthouse was built in 1927 and has served as the center of county government since then. San Bernardino architect Howard E. Jones designed the courthouse in the Classical Revival style; the courthouse is the only surviving Classical Revival building in San Bernardino. The building's design features classical columns spanning the second and third floors, a parapet along the roof line, regularly spaced windows, and extensive use of projecting blocks on the front facade. The courthouse is faced with unpainted stone and stucco, an uncommon design choice. A 1937 welfare building, a 1940 county library, and a 1940 heating plant are also located on the courthouse grounds, which are extensively landscaped and include a fountain, sundial, plaque, and the remains of the former county courthouse.
The First Arthur County Courthouse and Jail, was perhaps the smallest court house in the United States, and serves now as a museum.
The Early County Courthouse is the historic county courthouse of Early County, Georgia, located on Courthouse Square in Blakely, Georgia, the county seat. It was built in 1904 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 18, 1980. It is also a contributing building in the Blakely Court Square Historic District, NRHP-listed in 2002.
The Old Sullivan County Courthouse was the first county courthouse of Sullivan County, New Hampshire. It is a 2-1/2 story Federal-style brick building in downtown Newport, the county seat, located on a hill above Main Street and behind a cluster of later civic buildings. It was built in 1825-26 with funding from the town, and was instrumental in the choice of Newport as the new county's seat. The building served as a county court and town hall until 1873. It was used by the town as a school until 1896, when it was leased to the local Grange chapter.
The North Omaha Creek Bridge was a historic Pin-connected Pratt truss bedstead bridge that was built in 1905, located on 26 Road, a north–south rural road in Thurston County, Nebraska.
The Dixon County Courthouse in Ponca, Nebraska was built in 1883-84 and expanded in 1939-1940. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Elbert B. Watson (1879-1963), commonly known as E.B. Watson, was an architect based in Norfolk, Nebraska.
Routledge & Hertz was an architectural and engineering firm of Hutchinson, Kansas which was organized in 1925 and operated through 1932.
The Potter County Courthouse in Gettysburg, South Dakota was built in 1911. Gettysburg won a war vs. an alternative county seat location. The Second Renaissance Revival-style building has Classical Revival-style influences. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.
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