|Tianjin Junlin Tianxia Building|
|Roof||784 ft (239 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Developer||Tianjin Star Real Estate Development|
Tianjin Junlin Tianxia Building is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 64 story building was completed in 2010, construction having begun in 2007.
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately 150 m (492 ft). Historically, the term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s. The definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host commercial offices or residential space, or both. For buildings above a height of 300 m (984 ft), the term "supertall" can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m (1,969 ft) are classified as "megatall".
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the nine national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,621,200 as of 2016 estimation. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th municipality-most populous city proper.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
The design and construction of skyscrapers involves creating safe, habitable spaces in very high buildings. The buildings must support their weight, resist wind and earthquakes, and protect occupants from fire. Yet they must also be conveniently accessible, even on the upper floors, and provide utilities and a comfortable climate for the occupants. The problems posed in skyscraper design are considered among the most complex encountered given the balances required between economics, engineering, and construction management.
Tianxia is a Chinese term for an ancient Chinese cultural concept that denoted either the entire geographical world or the metaphysical realm of mortals, and later became associated with political sovereignty. In ancient China, tianxia denoted the lands, space, and area divinely appointed to the Emperor by universal and well-defined principles of order. The center of this land was directly apportioned to the Imperial court, forming the center of a world view that centered on the Imperial court and went concentrically outward to major and minor officials and then the common citizens, tributary states, and finally ending with the fringe "barbarians".
Tianjin International Trade Centre is a skyscraper with 60 floors and a floor area of 190,350 m², which is since under construction at 112 Munan Road in Tianjin, China.
Goldin Finance 117, also known as China 117 Tower, is a skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. The tower is expected to be 597 m (1,959 ft) with 117 stories. Construction began in 2008, and the building was scheduled to be completed in 2014, becoming the second tallest building in China, surpassing the Shanghai World Financial Center. Construction was suspended in January 2010, but resumed in 2011, with completion estimated in 2018. The building was topped out on September 8, 2015, yet it is still currently under construction.
The Sino-Steel Tower is a 333 m (1,093 ft) tall skyscraper currently under construction in Tianjin, China. Construction started in 2008 and was originally expected to be complete in 2014. In March 2012, the plaza went on hold after the construction commenced, it was resumed in 2017.
The Tianjin Tower, or Jin Tower, or Tianjin World Financial Center is a modern supertall skyscraper located in the Heping District of Tianjin, China, on the banks of the Hai River. The mixed-use tower is 336.9 metres (1,105 ft) tall and contains 74 floors above ground and 4 below, with an observation deck at 305.2 metres (1,001 ft). The area of the glass unitized curtain wall, manufactured by Jangho Group, is 215,000m². It is notable as the first office building in Tianjin to be equipped with double decker elevators.
Tianjin Eye, also called as The Tientsin Eye, is a 120-metre (394 ft) tall giant Ferris wheel built above the Yongle Bridge, over the Hai River in Tianjin, China.
CITIC Tower is a supertall skyscraper in the final stages of construction located in the Central Business District of Beijing. It is popularly known as China Zun and IPA pronunciation. The 108-storey, 528 m (1,732 ft) building will be the tallest in the city, surpassing that of the China World Trade Center Tower III by 190 metres. On August 18, 2016, CITIC Tower surpassed China World Trade Center Tower III in height, becoming Beijing's tallest building. The tower structurally topped out on July 9, 2017, and fully topped out on August 18, 2017, the completion date is set to be in 2019.
Tianjin R&F Guangdong Tower is a 91 storey, 468 m (1,535 ft) tall mixed use supertall skyscraper under construction in Tanggu District, Tianjin, China. The tower was proposed for construction in 2008. The tower is expected to be completed in 2016. Once completed it will become tallest building in Tianjin and one of the tallest buildings in the world.
Tianjin CTF Finance Centre is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. Construction started in 2013 and it is expected to be completed in 2018. When completed, the tower will become the second tallest building in Tianjin after Goldin Finance 117. It is located in the outer district of the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area.
Tianjin Modern City Office Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. It will have a height of 338 metres (1,109 ft). Construction began in 2011 and is expected to end in 2016. This Tower is included in a two towers set including a 205 m tall building 5 star hotel and luxurious flats.
Jin Wan Plaza 1 is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Tianjin, China. It will be 300 metres (984.3 ft) tall. Construction started in 2011 and is expected to be completed in 2017. The building will consist of hotels and offices and is one of three buildings in the Jin Wan Plaza complex.
Bohai Bank Tower is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 55 story building was completed in 2015, construction having begun in 2010.
Tianjin Hutchison Whampoa Metro Plaza is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 53 story building was completed in 2013, construction having begun in 2008.
5 Taian Dao is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 45 story building was completed in 2015, construction having begun in 2010.
Shangbang Leasing Tower is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 54 story building was completed in 2016, construction having begun in 2010.
Jin Wan Plaza 2 is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 58-story building was completed in 2015, construction having begun in 2011.
Tianjin Kerry Centre is a residential complex home to three skyscrapers, Tianjian Kerry Centre Towers 1-3. The complex was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, and construction was completed in 2014 after beginning in 2009.
Hongji Commercial Centre 1 is a skyscraper in Tianjin, China. The 52 story building was completed in 1999.