Tiger kidnapping

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A tiger kidnapping or tiger robbery involves two separate crimes. The first crime usually involves an abduction of any person or thing someone highly values. Instead of demanding money, the captors demand that a second crime be committed on their behalf. The second crime could be anything from robbery, murder, to planting a bomb. [1] A person or item held hostage is kept by the captors until their demands are met. The goal of the captors is to have their risky/dirty work performed by another person. The victims of a crime like this are less likely to report to authorities since they just committed a crime themselves. [2] [3]

Contents

Police have identified highly organised paramilitary training camps that prepare potential tiger kidnappers; one witness stated that trainees operate so cohesively that they are comparable to a SWAT team. [4]

Origins

The practice began as a twist on a tactic used by the Irish Republican Army, which kidnapped people in order to coerce others into placing car bombs. [5]

The first recorded crime that can be described as a tiger kidnapping occurred in 1972, [6] but the term was coined in the 1980s and gained more widespread use in the following decade. Since tiger kidnapping is technically two crimes committed in tandem, statistics regarding their occurrence are difficult to compile. Tiger kidnappings have occurred in several jurisdictions, but are more common in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Belgium. [3] Examples include the Northern Bank robbery and Bank of Ireland robbery. [7] According to International Herald Tribune , tiger kidnappings "have become common in Ireland, a close-knit society where criminals can closely track their targets" and "they have typically involved thefts below €1 million." [7] After the 2009 Bank of Ireland robbery, Charlie Flanagan, a member of the Irish Parliament, remarked that “tiger kidnappings are taking place in Ireland... at a rate of almost one per week.” [8]

Countermeasures

Businesses can take several steps to guard against these such as mandating that two or more people must work in tandem in order to open sensitive areas such as bank vaults and cash boxes. [5]

The movies Cash on Demand , Nick of Time , Bandits , Firewall , Intermission and Waist Deep dramatize tiger kidnappings.

The video game Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney: Justice for All features a tiger kidnapping as a plot point in its final case.

A tiger kidnapping is also carried out in Season 4 of Love/Hate .

The series Happy Valley features a kidnapping that is falsely described as a tiger kidnapping by Sergeant Cawood.

See also

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Henry Hill American mobster

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The Securitas depot robbery was the largest cash robbery in the world during peacetime, masterminded by mixed martial arts fighter Lee Murray. It took place on the evening of 21 February 2006 from 18:30 GMT until the early hours of 22 February 2006. Several men armed with AK47s, and Škorpions abducted and threatened the family of the manager, tied up fourteen staff members and stole cash worth over $92 million (£53,116,760), in bank notes belonging to the Bank of England from a Securitas Cash Management Ltd depot in Vale Road, Tonbridge, Kent in the United Kingdom. The Securitas depot robbery, is only eclipsed by the wartime $1 billion dollar Central Bank of Iraq heist, done under the orders of Saddam Hussein, by his son Qusay in 2003.

The Loomis Fargo Bank Robbery was a robbery of $17.3 million in cash from the Charlotte, North Carolina, regional office vault of Loomis, Fargo & Co. on the evening of October 4, 1997. The robbery was committed by Loomis vault supervisor David Scott Ghantt, his married girlfriend Kelly Campbell, Steve Chambers, his wife Michelle Chambers, Michael Gobbies, and four other co-conspirators. An FBI criminal investigation ultimately resulted in the arrest and conviction of eight people directly involved in the heist, as well as sixteen others who had indirectly helped them, and the recovery of approximately 88% of the stolen money.

2009 Bank of Ireland robbery

The 2009 Bank of Ireland robbery was a large robbery of cash from the College Green cash centre of the Bank of Ireland in Dublin, Ireland, on 27 February 2009. It was the largest bank robbery in the Republic of Ireland's history. Criminals engaged in the tiger kidnapping of a junior bank employee, 24-year-old Shane Travers, and forced him to remove €7.6 million in cash from the bank as his girlfriend and two others were held hostage.

2009 Graff Diamonds robbery

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Crime in Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland before the Troubles ended, low-level petty crime was not as common as in the rest of Ireland or the UK.

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References

  1. "Pair escape 'tiger kidnap' ordeal". BBC News. 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  2. "'Big rise' in NI kidnap robberies". BBC News. 2006-11-07. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  3. 1 2 "Tiger kidnap - the threat to the UK banking sector" (PDF). Control Risks Group Limited. 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  4. Mooney, John (2006-12-31). "Balkan training for Tiger kidnap gangs". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  5. 1 2 IRELAND -The Latest 'Tiger Kidnapping' Trend. OffNews.info Accessed March 2, 2009.
  6. Summers, Chris (2008-01-28). "Can 'tiger kidnappings' be prevented?". BBC News. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  7. 1 2 7 arrested after Irish bank heist. International Herald Tribune . Published March 1, 2009.
  8. Robert Mackey, 7 Arrests After Ireland’s Biggest Bank Heist. The New York Times . Published February 28, 2009.