Timpas Creek

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Timpas Creek in Timpas, Colorado. Timpas Creek.JPG
Timpas Creek in Timpas, Colorado.

Timpas Creek is a stream in the U.S. state of Colorado. [1]

There is some uncertainty in the origin of the place name Timpas. The area's first European explorers and settlers were Spanish, then Mexican. Timpa or timpas is Spanish for tympstone, [2] the port of a blast furnace from which molten slag drains. [3] [4] Alternatively, timpas can also be interpreted as "furnace hearth" [5] or any home stone fireplace hearth — of the shaley and marly rocks of the old Benton Group, the locally quarried Timpas Limestone [6] would be the thickest and least unsuitable stone for the job.

John Dawson, writing in 1954 in Place names in Colorado, states that the creek was named for the Cretaceous "Timpas Limestone" quarried near the mouth of the creek on to the Arkansas River, [4] and is still quarried today on the bluffs southeast of Rocky Ford. However, G.K. Gilbert, when reporting on the geology of the Arkansas River in 1896, naming new units to replace the old Benton Shale, acknowledged that the Timpas was already a local name for the limestone outcropping over the bluffs of the creek, suggesting that the limestone was named for the creek. [7]

Gilbert recognized that the Timpas Limestone correlated with the Fort Hays Limestone; and, in 1964, the name Timpas Limestone was abandoned, replaced by Fort Hays Limestone. [8]

See also

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  1. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Timpas Creek
  2. Edward Halse (1908). A Dictionary of Spanish and Spanish-American Mining, Metallurgical and Allied Terms . Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  3. Robert Routledge (1893). Discoveries and Inventions of the Nineteenth Century. p. 32. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  4. 1 2 Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: The J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 49.
  5. George Frederick Barwick (1908). Pocket Dictionary of the English and Spanish Languages: Commercial, Technical and Conversational, I. Part. Spanish and English. p. 365. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  6. Geologic Unit: Timpas, Geolex.
  7. Gilbert, G.K. (1896). "The underground water of the Arkansas Valley in eastern Colorado, IN Walcott, C.D., Seventeenth annual report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, 1895-1896; Part II: U.S. Geological Survey Annual Report, 17, pt. 2". U.S. Geological Survey Annual Report: 551–601. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  8. Scott, G.R., and Cobban, W.A. (1964). "Stratigraphy of the Niobrara Formation at Pueblo, Colorado, IN Shorter contributions to general geology, 1962: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 454-L": L1-L30.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Coordinates: 38°01′30″N103°37′57″W / 38.02500°N 103.63250°W / 38.02500; -103.63250