Toledo Infantry Academy

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Facade of the Toledo Infantry Academy Academia de infanteria 1.JPG
Facade of the Toledo Infantry Academy

The Infantry Academy (ACINF) is a military training center of the Spanish Army located in the city of Toledo. The center is responsible for providing basic training, specialization and training for officers and non-commissioned officers of the infantry branch of the Spanish Army.

Spanish Army land warfare branch of Spains military forces

The Spanish Army is the terrestrial army of the Spanish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is one of the oldest active armies — dating back to the late 15th century.

Toledo, Spain City in Castile–La Mancha, Spain

Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. Toledo was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive monumental and cultural heritage.

Infantry military personnel who travel and fight on foot

Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces. Also known as foot soldiers or infanteers, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.



Main facade of the Toledo Infantry Academy. ToledoAcademia.jpg
Main facade of the Toledo Infantry Academy.

The academy was created with the name of Infantry College in Toledo, in 1850. The October 17 of 1875, after having been temporarily transferred to Madrid, settled in the Alcázar of Toledo. [1] It disappeared in 1882 to be absorbed by the newly created Military Academy, but returned to constitute like Academy of Infantry when the General Military Academy was dissolved in 1893.

Madrid Capital of Spain

Madrid is the capital and most populous city of Spain. The city has almost 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU), surpassed only by London and Berlin, and its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris. The municipality covers 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).

Alcázar of Toledo stone fortification located in the highest part of Toledo, Spain

The Alcázar of Toledo is a stone fortification located in the highest part of Toledo, Spain. Once used as a Roman palace in the 3rd century, it was restored under Charles I and his son Philip II of Spain in the 1540s. In 1521, Hernán Cortés was received by Charles I at the Alcázar, following Cortes' conquest of the Aztecs. Most of the alcázar was rebuilt, or restored, between 1939 and 1957 after the Siege of the Alcázar of the Spanish Civil War.

As the result of a siege, the Alcázar was reduced to a ruin in the Spanish Civil War. After the war the Infantry Academy was provisionally installed in Zaragoza, at the building of the Military General Academy, and in Guadalajara, San Diego de Alcalá Foundation headquarters. [2] From 1948 - 1949, the course returned to Toledo, to a new building, which was the work of the military engineers Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Carrasco Cadenas, Lieutenant Colonel Arturo Ureña Escario, and Lieutenant Colonel Julio Hernández García. The building, constructed in Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Herrerian style, harmonizes well with the Alcázar, located on the opposite side of the River Tagus. [3]

Siege of the Alcázar siege

The Siege of the Alcázar was a highly symbolic Nationalist victory in Toledo in the opening stages of the Spanish Civil War. The Alcázar of Toledo was held by a variety of military forces in favor of the Nationalist uprising. Militias of the parties in the Popular Front began their siege on July 21, 1936. The siege ended on September 27 with the arrival of the Army of Africa under Francisco Franco.

Spanish Civil War War between the Republicans and the Nationalists in Spain from 1936 to 1939

The Spanish Civil War was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second Spanish Republic, in alliance with anarchists, fought against a revolt by the Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, monarchists, conservatives and Catholics, led by a military group among whom General Francisco Franco soon achieved a preponderant role. Due to the international political climate at the time, the war had many facets, and was variously viewed as class struggle, a war of religion, a struggle between dictatorship and republican democracy, between revolution and counterrevolution, between fascism and communism. It has been frequently called the "dress rehearsal" for World War II.

Zaragoza Place in Aragon, Spain

Zaragoza is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. It lies by the Ebro river and its tributaries, the Huerva and the Gállego, roughly in the center of both Aragon and the Ebro basin.

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  1. Academy of Infantry in the website of the Spanish Army.
  2. Toquero, Salvador. The heat of a footprint: Guadalajara, 8 years with the Infantry Academy. Municipal Patronage of Culture. Guadalajara, 2000.
  3. "Model of the Construction Project of the Infantry Academy" (Digital Library of Castilla La Mancha).

Coordinates: 39°51′26″N4°00′53″W / 39.8573°N 4.0147°W / 39.8573; -4.0147

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.