Tolupan

Last updated
Tolupan
Jicaque
AurelioMartinezAcaling04.JPG
Total population
8,600 [1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Languages
Jicaque
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Roman Catholicism [1]

The Tolupan or Jicaque people are an indigenous ethnic group of Honduras, primarily inhabiting the northwest coast of Honduras [2] and the community Montaña de La Flor  [ sv ] in central Honduras.

Contents

Culture

The Jicaque or Tolupan are an agrarian people, who raise beans, maize, and sweet and bitter manioc. They also fish, hunt, and raise livestock. They are polygamous. Culturally, they are similar to the Miskito and Sumo people. [2]

History

In the 19th century, a Roman Catholic missionary, Manuel Jesús de Subirian, encouraged many Jicaque to assimilate into mainstream culture, settle in villages, and grow maize. The other Jicaque who maintained their traditional lifeways lived in Montaña de la Flor, and ultimately the Honduran government granted them a 760-hectare reservation. [1]

Synonymy

The Jicaque are also called the Cicaque, Hicaque, Ikake, Taguaca, Taupane, Tol, Tolpan, Torrupan, or Xicaque people. [1]

Honors

A species of Honduran snake, Rhadinella tolpanorum , is named in honor of the Tolupan people. [3]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Jicaque." Countries and Their Cultures. (retrieved 2 Dec 2011)
  2. 1 2 "Jicaque." Encyclopædia Britannica. (retrieved 2 Dec 2011)
  3. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN   978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Tolpan", p. 266).

Further reading


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Honduras</span>

This article is about the ethnic groups and population of Honduras.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francisco Morazán Department</span> Department in Honduras

Francisco Morazán is one of the departments of Honduras.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anne Chapman</span> American anthropologist

Anne MacKaye Chapman was a Franco-American ethnologist who focused on the people of Mesoamerica writing several books, co-producing movies, and capturing sound recordings of rare languages from the Northern Triangle of Central America to Cape Horn in South America.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lache people</span> Pre-Hispanic ethnic group of present-day Colombia

The Lache were an indigenous, agrarian people in the highlands of what is now central Colombia's northern Boyacá and Santander departments, primarily in Gutiérrez Province and García Rovira Province. They were part of the Cocuy Confederation and spoke Chibcha, trading predominantly with other Chibcha speakers, such as the Muisca, Guane, Pijao and Chitarero. Trade included salt and textiles, as well as food stuffs. The Lache farmed maize, potatoes, quinoa and cotton, among other crops.

Lencan is a small family of nearly extinct indigenous Mesoamerican languages.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ethnic groups in Central America</span>

Central America is a subregion of the Americas formed by six Latin American countries and one (officially) Anglo-American country, Belize. As an isthmus it connects South America with the remainder of mainland North America, and comprises the following countries : Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hondurans</span> Citizens or natives of Honduras

Hondurans are the citizens of Honduras. Most Hondurans live in Honduras, although there is also a significant Honduran diaspora, particularly in the United States, Spain, and many smaller communities in other countries around the world.

Cuncos, Juncos or Cunches is a poorly known subgroup of Huilliche people native to coastal areas of southern Chile and the nearby inland. Mostly a historic term, Cuncos are chiefly known for their long-running conflict with the Spanish during the colonial era of Chilean history.

Tol (Tolpan), also known as Eastern Jicaque, Tolupan, and Torupan, is spoken by approximately 500 Tolupan people in La Montaña de la Flor reservation in Francisco Morazán Department, Honduras.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taguzgalpa</span>

The Province ofTaguzgalpa, also called New Cartago, was created by Royal Order of February 10, 1576. The entire province stretched from east of Trujillo, or the Aguan or Roman River, as far as the San Juan River, but was believed to be only from the east of Trujillo to the Wanks or Coco River. It also included the Province of Tologalpa, which stretched from the Coco River to the San Juan River. It was bordered to the north and east by the Caribbean Sea; by the south by the Province of Costa Rica; and by the west by the Province of Honduras and Province of Nicaragua. It appeared on the Dutch map of Montanus in 1671 with an alternate spelling of "Tiguzigalpa."

The Andaquí are an indigenous people of Colombia, who live in the Upper Caquetá River Basin, the Fragua Valley of Cauca Department, and the Suaza Valley of southwest Huila Department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lakandon Chʼol</span>

The Lakandon Chʼol were a former Chʼol-speaking Maya people inhabiting the Lacandon Jungle in what is now Chiapas in Mexico and the bordering regions of northwestern Guatemala, along the tributaries of the upper Usumacinta River and the foothills of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl Henrik Langebaek</span>

Carl Henrik Langebaek Rueda is a Colombian anthropologist, archaeologist and historian. He has been contributing on the knowledge of archaeological evidences, especially the Herrera Period and the Muisca. Langebaek was vice-chancellor for academic affairs at Universidad de los Andes and speaks Spanish and English.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honduran folklore</span>

Honduras has rich folk traditions that derive from the fusion of four different cultural groups: indigenous, European, African and Creole. Each department or region, municipality, village and even hamlet contributes its own traditions including costumes, music, beliefs, stories, and all the elements that derive from and are transformed by peoples in a population. In sum, these define Honduran Folklore as expressed by crafts, tales, legends, music and dances.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Juan Friede</span> Ukrainian-Colombian historian

Juan Friede Alter was a Ukrainian-Colombian historian of Jewish descent who is recognised as one of the most important writers about Colombian history, the Spanish conquests and a proponent of indigenism; the defense of the rights and descriptions of the oppression of indigenous people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Intibucá, Intibucá</span> Municipality in Intibucá, Honduras

Intibucá is a city, with a population of 28,220, and a municipality in the department of Intibucá, Honduras. The urban area of Intibucá is an important transit and commercial site in the South-West region of Honduras. Located 1,850 meters above sea level, Intibucá has a cool and often foggy climate, hence the nickname "La ciudad del manto blanco". Potato production, celebrated by the annual Festival de la Papa, is the principal basis of the economy for the municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Teresa Rojas Rabiela</span> Mexican Ethnologist

María Teresa Rojas Rabiela is an ethnologist, ethnohistorian, Emeritus National Researcher and Mexican academic, specializing in Chinampas of Mexico's Basin, history of agriculture, hydraulics, technology, and labor organization in Mesoamerica during pre-Columbian and colonial eras, as well as historical photography of Mexico's peasants and indigenous people. She is recognized as a pioneer in historical studies on earthquakes in Mexico. From 2018 to 2021, Rojas Rabiela was involved in the restoration of the section of the pre-Hispanic aqueduct of Tetzcotzinco, Texcoco, known as El caño quebrado.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leckott Zamora</span> Wichí writer, artist and activist

Audencio “Leckott” Zamora is a writer, musician, journalist, cultural model and artisan of the Wichí people. He lived many years in Venezuela and currently resides in Puerto Tirol, Chaco Province. He wrote several books about Wichí culture. He helped in several newspaper and scientific articles related to the rights, health and education of indigenous peoples.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hodï</span> Indigenous people who live in the Amazonas basin

The Hodï or Jotï are a small group of indigenous people who live in the Amazon rainforest in Venezuela. The last census held in Venezuela, in 2011, registered 982 individuals identifying as Hodï; a 2016 estimate accounted a population of around 1200. They speak the Hodï language and are closely related to the Piaroa people, although linguistic connections between the two people groups have not reached consensus among scholars. They are also known by a number of exonyms as the Hoti, Chicano, Shikana, Yuana, Waruwarú, or Rua.