Thomas A. Hockin,(born March 5, 1938) is a Canadian academic, businessman and former politician.
Hockin was born and went to public school in London, Ontario. He graduated from the University of Western Ontario with a degree in business, and later attended Harvard University, where he graduated with a master's degree in public administration and Ph.D. in political science.
Hockin subsequently joined the political science faculty at fledgling York University, where he rose to full professor teaching Canadian politics. In later years, prior to 1981, he was also head master at St. Andrew's College in Aurora, Ontario. and had a business affiliation with Sotheby's auction house. In addition, he was a member of the Ontario Police Commission.
Hockin, who has authored over 30 books, chapters and articles, produced two leading textbooks on Canadian politics in the 1970s: two editions of Apex of Power, first published in 1971, describing the position of the Prime Minister and central agencies in Canadian government, and Government in Canada, published in 1976, an historical overview and political analysis of national political institutions in Canada. Hockin was also a specialist in Canadian parliamentary organization and Canadian foreign policy.
Hockin was the unsuccessful Progressive Conservative candidate in the 1981 by-election held in London West, coming in 900 votes behind the Liberal candidate. Thereafter, he taught in the business school at the University of Western Ontario and moved his residence to London.
He won the riding in the 1984 general election that brought the Tories to power under Brian Mulroney. He was a government backbencher for two years before being appointed to Cabinet as Minister of State for Finance. He served in that position until 1989 when he became Minister of State for Small Business and Tourism. In January 1993, Hockin became a full minister as Minister for Science, although he retained his other portfolio.
When Kim Campbell succeeded Mulroney as PC leader and prime minister in June 1993, she promoted Hockin to Minister of International Trade. The promotion was short-lived as both he and the Campbell government were defeated in the fall general election. Hockin was defeated by Liberal Sue Barnes. After leaving politics, Hockin was active as a lobbyist for the mutual fund industry as president and Chief Executive Officer of the Investment Funds Institute of Canada.
On November 30, 2009, federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty nominated Hockin to become the Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) representing Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean. Hockin succeeded Michael Horgan who became the Deputy Minister of Finance.
Martin Brian Mulroney is a Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician who served as the 18th prime minister of Canada from 1984 to 1993.
Charles Joseph Clark is a Canadian businessman, writer, and politician who served as the 16th prime minister of Canada from 1979 to 1980.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada was a centre-right federal political party in Canada that existed from 1942 to 2003.
John James "Jean" Charest is a Canadian lawyer and former politician who served as the 29th premier of Quebec from 2003 to 2012 and the fifth deputy prime minister of Canada in 1993. Charest was elected to the House of Commons in 1984 and would serve in several federal cabinet positions between 1986 and 1993. He became the leader of the Progressive Conservative (PC) Party in 1993 and remained in the role until he entered provincial politics in 1998. Charest was elected as the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, and his party went on to form government in 2003.
The 1993 Canadian federal election was held on October 25, 1993, to elect members to the House of Commons of the 35th Parliament of Canada. Considered to be a major political realignment, it was one of the most eventful elections in Canada's history. Two new regionalist parties emerged and the election marked the worst defeat for a governing party at the federal level. In a landslide, the Liberal Party, led by Jean Chrétien, won a majority government.
The 1988 Canadian federal election was held on November 21, 1988, to elect members to the House of Commons of Canada of the 34th Parliament of Canada. It was an election largely fought on a single issue: the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA); the Progressive Conservative Party campaigned in favour of it whereas the Liberal Party and the New Democratic Party (NDP) campaigned against it.
The 1984 Canadian federal election was held on September 4, 1984, to elect members to the House of Commons of the 33rd Parliament of Canada.
John Carnell Crosbie, was a Canadian provincial and federal politician who served as the 12th lieutenant governor of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Prior to being lieutenant governor, he served as a provincial cabinet minister under Premiers Joey Smallwood and Frank Moores as well as a federal cabinet minister during the Progressive Conservative (PC) governments of Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney. Crosbie held several federal cabinet posts, including minister of finance, minister of justice, minister of transport, minister of international trade, and minister of fisheries and oceans.
Henry Perrin Beatty is a Canadian corporate executive and former politician, who served as a Progressive Conservative of the House of Commons from 1972 to 1993, and as a cabinet minister from 1979 to 1980 and again from 1984 to 1993.
The 1976 Progressive Conservative leadership election was held at the Ottawa Civic Centre in Ottawa on February 22, 1976, to elect a leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to replace Robert Stanfield, who had resigned after losing the 1968, 1972, and 1974 elections. It unexpectedly elected a 36-year-old, little-known PC Member of Parliament from Alberta as the party's new leader. Joe Clark defeated Claude Wagner on the fourth ballot of the convention by a margin of 65 votes.
Pauline Browes is a former Canadian politician. She was a Member of Parliament between 1984 and 1993.
Douglas Grinslade Lewis, is a Canadian accountant, lawyer and former politician.
Paul Wyatt Dick, was a lawyer, Canadian politician and broker.
André Harvey, PC is a Canadian consultant, politician and former teacher in Quebec, Canada.
The Liberal Party of Canada ran a full slate of candidates in the 2004 federal election, and won 135 out of 308 seats to emerge with a minority government. Many of the party's candidates have their own biography pages; information about others may be found here.
Michael Holcombe Wilson was a Canadian businessman, politician and diplomat who served as minister of finance from 1984 to 1991 and minister of international trade from 1991 to 1993 under Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
Avril Phaedra Douglas "Kim" Campbell is a Canadian politician, diplomat, lawyer, and writer who served as the 19th prime minister of Canada from June 25 to November 4, 1993. Campbell is the first and so far only female prime minister of Canada. Prior to becoming the final Progressive Conservative (PC) prime minister, she was also the first woman to serve as minister of justice in Canadian history and the first woman to become minister of defence in a NATO member state.
Lisa Sarah MacCormack Raitt is a former Canadian politician who served as a federal Cabinet minister and member of Parliament (MP) from 2008 to 2019. A member of the Conservative Party, Raitt was elected to the House of Commons in the 2008 election, representing Halton. Shortly after her election, Prime Minister Stephen Harper named her minister of natural resources, holding the role until 2010, when she became minister of labour. In 2013, she became minister of transport, remaining in the role until the Conservatives were defeated by the Liberal Party in the 2015 election. Raitt was re-elected in the newly formed riding of Milton. She contested the Conservative leadership in 2017, losing to Andrew Scheer, who made her deputy party leader and deputy opposition leader, a role she would hold until she was defeated in the 2019 election. Since leaving politics, she has been the vice chair of Global Investment Banking at the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC).
Caroline Anne Mulroney Lapham is a Canadian businesswoman, lawyer and politician who currently serves as the Ontario Minister of Transportation and Minister of Francophone Affairs.
Melissa LantsmanMP is a Canadian politician and public relations executive who serves as the Member of Parliament for Thornhill in the House of Commons of Canada. A member of the Conservative Party of Canada, she was elected in the 2021 Canadian federal election. Lanstman is the first openly gay and first Jewish woman ever elected as a Conservative MP. Upon Pierre Poilievre's election as Conservative Leader, he named Lantsman one of two deputy leaders along with Edmonton MP Tim Uppal.