|Occupation||Caravan park operator|
|Known for||Preserving steam wagons|
|Children||David, Terence, Catherine|
Tom Varley was a collector of steam-powered road vehicles, known for the Tom Varley Collection, a steam museum mostly of steam wagons, "a lasting legacy of which [British steam road enthusiasts] can be proud".
His business was in running Todber Caravan Park at Gisburn, in the high Pennines of Lancashire.The steam museum was housed in a barn alongside the caravans. The collection was best known from its frequent appearances at steam rallies through the 1970s and '80s. Varley's wagons were recognisable from their fine paintwork and signwriting, each named and prefixed Pendle ....
Six of his rarer, and often unique survivors, were re-imported from Australia before restoration.
Tom Varley died December 12th 1990. His contribution to the preservation of steam vehicles in the UK has been widely recognised.
|2 Pendle Queen||Yorkshire||3 ton steam wagon||1917||940||U4245||Tom's second steam wagon, rebuilt in 1970. Now owned by Tom's son, David Varley, repainted red and exhibited under his name.|
|3 Pendle Prince||Fowler||steam wagon||1931||19708||UB8660||Rebuilt from remains found in scrap pile in Leeds. Now owned by Tom's grandson Jason Varley.|
|5 Pendle King||Sentinel||DG6P steam waggon||1931||8562||FD6603|
|7 Pendle Maid||Yorkshire||2 ton steam wagon||1905||117||CA170|
|8 Pendle Laddie||Yorkshire||WG Tractor||1927||2118||UA1163||Yorkshire WG flexible six wheeler, 'Pendle Laddie'. Rebuilt by Tom Varley from parts recovered by Walter Fearnley. This vehicle was supplied to the Leeds Corporation Electricity Department as a cable carrier.|
|9 Pendle Knight||Robey & Co.||'Express' steam tractor||1929||43388||VL983|
|12 Her Majesty||Atkinson||steam wagon||1918||72||CK209||The last known surviving Atkinson steam wagon. Exported to Western Australia and recovered by Tom Varley in the 1970s. Now owned by Preston Steam Services in Kent.|
|18 Yorkshire Lad / Queen Anne||Yorkshire||WG steam wagon||1927||2128||UA1788|
Shaft-drive Yorkshire wagon. Originally a chain-drive WG model, this was restored by Walter Fearnley using the shaft-drive gearbox from a later WJ model before being purchased by Tom Varley. The original gearbox and drive was then used for WG 2118. Now owned by M.G. Wines of Somerset as 'Yorkshire Lad'
|His Lordship||Burrell||10NHP Showman's Road Locomotive||1913||3444||CK3403|
Sold in 1996 to J. G. Atkinson of the Scarborough Fair Collection.
|Foden||Colonial steam wagon||1913||4086||M4848||5 ton "Colonial" steam wagon. Sold new to C H Curtis, Manly, Australia, then to "Glenreagh " Lake Cargelligo. Recovered and restored by Tom Varley in the 1970s. Sold later to Germany, then returned to Mike Plumb, Norfolk.|
|Aveling & Porter||FGPA steam wagon||1922||9282||D3777||FGPA steam wagon built by Garrett at Leiston. Exported to Australia and recovered by Tom Varley in 1978. Later sold to Peter Rigg of Todmorden.|
|Pendle Princess||Garrett||4CD showmans tractor||1919||33705||BJ4788||New to Stone Court Brick and Tile Works, Pembury, Kent as tractor. Converted to showmans tractor in preservation before being bought by Tom Varley. Now in Japan at the Bandai Museum.|
|Lady Betty||Fowler||8NHP Showman's Road Locomotive||1902||9381||WR6770||Originally supplied to John Smith's Brewery at Tadcaster with short wheelbase, and converted in working life to showman's engine. Converted back to road locomotive and used for agricultural purposes before being re-converted in preservation.|
|Pendle Lady||Sentinel||S4 steam waggon||1934||9003||VE9963|
|Pendle Witch||Aveling & Porter||Class BTD Road Roller||1916||8727||TC2173||Exhibited at the 1916 RASE Show, New To Morecambe UDC, later John Ball of Forton, Isaac Ball of Wharles and then to Walton Le Dale UDC. Purchased from them by Tom Varley in 1969 for use building the roadways around his Caravan park. later passed on to Alwyn Rogers, Alan Mountfield and Currently owned by Graham Townsend of Southport.|
|24||Howard||two-speed traction engine||1872||201||Re-imported from Australia in 1980 Sold, along with the Aveling & Porter, to Peter Rigg of Todmorden.|
|Foster||5 ton steam wagon||1921||14470||SV5506||The last surviving Foster wagon. Re-imported from Australia by Tom Varley in 1983. Now named William Tritton|
A traction engine is a steam-powered tractor used to move heavy loads on roads, plough ground or to provide power at a chosen location. The name derives from the Latin tractus, meaning 'drawn', since the prime function of any traction engine is to draw a load behind it. They are sometimes called road locomotives to distinguish them from railway locomotives – that is, steam engines that run on rails.
A steamroller is a form of road roller – a type of heavy construction machinery used for leveling surfaces, such as roads or airfields – that is powered by a steam engine. The levelling/flattening action is achieved through a combination of the size and weight of the vehicle and the rolls: the smooth wheels and the large cylinder or drum fitted in place of treaded road wheels.
Milestones Museum of Living History is a museum located on the Leisure Park in Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK. Milestones is made up of a network of streets that have been recreated according to those found in Victorian and 1930s Hampshire.
The Hollycombe Steam Collection is a collection of steam-powered vehicles, rides and attractions based near Liphook in Hampshire. The collection includes fairground rides, a display farm and two railways.
Aveling and Porter was a British agricultural engine and steamroller manufacturer. Thomas Aveling and Richard Thomas Porter entered into partnership in 1862, and developed a steam engine three years later in 1865. By the early 1900s, the company had become the largest manufacturer of steamrollers in the world.
Seddon Atkinson Vehicles Limited, a manufacturer of large goods vehicles based in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England, was formed after the acquisition in 1970 of Atkinson Vehicles Limited of Preston by Seddon Diesel Vehicles Limited of Oldham. In 1974, the firm was acquired by International Harvester, which sold it in March 1984 to the Spanish group Enasa which made it a subsidiary of Pegaso. In 1990, it became part of Iveco which used the brand for various types of specialised vehicles in the United Kingdom. The range of models produced included EuroMover, Pacer and Strato, which are aimed at refuse collection, recycling and construction operators.
Sentinel Waggon Works Ltd was a British company based in Shrewsbury, Shropshire that made steam-powered lorries, railway locomotives, and later, diesel engined lorries, buses and locomotives.
Foden Trucks was a British truck and bus manufacturing company which had its origins in Elworth near Sandbach in 1856. Paccar acquired the company in 1980, and ceased to use the marque name in 2006.
John Fowler & Co Engineers of Leathley Road, Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England produced traction engines and ploughing implements and equipment, as well as railway equipment. Fowler also produced the Track Marshall tractor which was a tracked version of the Field Marshall. British Railways Engineering Department locomotives ED1 to ED7 were built by Fowler
Richard Garrett & Sons was a manufacturer of agricultural machinery, steam engines and trolleybuses. Their factory was Leiston Works, in Leiston, Suffolk, England. The company was founded by Richard Garrett in 1778.
The Strumpshaw Hall Steam Museum in Strumpshaw, Norfolk is home to a collection of Traction engines, Steam rollers, a Showman's engine and a Steam wagon which are run on special occasions and on the last Sunday of each month from April to October.
The history of steam road vehicles comprises the development of vehicles powered by a steam engine for use on land and independent of rails, whether for conventional road use, such as the steam car and steam waggon, or for agricultural or heavy haulage work, such as the traction engine.
A steam wagon is a steam-powered road vehicle for carrying freight. It is the earliest form of lorry (truck) and came in two basic forms: overtype and undertype, the distinction being the position of the engine relative to the boiler. Manufacturers tended to concentrate on one form or the other.
The Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co. was a steam wagon manufacturer in Leeds, England. They produced their first wagon in 1901. Their designs had a novel double-ended transverse boiler. In 1911 the company's name was changed to Yorkshire Commercial Motor Co., but reverted to Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co. in 1922. Steam wagon production ceased in 1937, and the company was finally dissolved in 1993.
A vertical boiler is a type of fire-tube or water-tube boiler where the boiler barrel is oriented vertically instead of the more common horizontal orientation. Vertical boilers were used for a variety of steam-powered vehicles and other mobile machines, including early steam locomotives.
The Sentinel boiler was a design of vertical boiler, fitted to the numerous steam waggons built by the Sentinel Waggon Works.
James & Fred Howard of Bedford, later known simply as Howards, were one of the smaller English makers of agricultural machinery and steam traction engines. At The Great Exhibition of 1851 they exhibited a range of horse-drawn implements. After World War I, Howards became part of AGE, Agricultural & General Engineers, along with many of the other British makers of similar machinery.
Robey and Co. was an engineering company based in Lincoln, England which can be traced back to at least 1849.
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Tom Varley collection .
Dedicated to the late Tom Varley, whose personal devotion to the acquisition of rare and unique steam wagons – sometimes from far and distant lands – and their subsequent restoration has left British steam road enthusiasts a lasting legacy of which they can be proud.