Tom Varley

Last updated

Tom Varley
OccupationCaravan park operator
Known forPreserving steam wagons
Home townGisburn
Spouse(s)Susan
ChildrenDavid, Terence, Catherine

Tom Varley was a collector of steam-powered road vehicles, known for the Tom Varley Collection, a steam museum mostly of steam wagons, "a lasting legacy of which [British steam road enthusiasts] can be proud". [1]

His business was in running Todber Caravan Park at Gisburn, in the high Pennines of Lancashire. [2] The steam museum was housed in a barn alongside the caravans. [3] The collection was best known from its frequent appearances at steam rallies through the 1970s and '80s. Varley's wagons were recognisable from their fine paintwork and signwriting, each named and prefixed Pendle ....

Six of his rarer, and often unique survivors, were re-imported from Australia before restoration. [4]

Tom Varley died December 12th 1990. His contribution to the preservation of steam vehicles in the UK has been widely recognised. [1]

List of vehicles

These vehicles have at one point formed part of the Tom Varley collection. Since his death, some have now been sold on to other owners, and may have been renamed.
NameMakerTypeYearWorks NºRegistrationDetails
2 Pendle Queen Yorkshire 3 ton steam wagon 1917940U4245
Yorkshire steam wagon, Pendle Queen.JPG
Tom's second steam wagon, rebuilt in 1970. [5] Now owned by Tom's son, David Varley, repainted red and exhibited under his name. [6]
3 Pendle Prince Fowler steam wagon193119708UB8660
Fowler Steam Wagon "Pendle Prince" (1931) - 14981335971.jpg
Rebuilt from remains found in scrap pile in Leeds. [7] [8] Now owned by Tom's grandson Jason Varley. [9]
5 Pendle King Sentinel DG6P steam waggon19318562FD6603
Sentinel DG6, Pendle King.jpg

11 ton Sentinel DG6P. [note 1]

7 Pendle Maid Yorkshire 2 ton steam wagon1905117CA170
Yorkshire wagon CA170, cropped (Tractors wikia).jpg

Rebuilt in 1973 by Tom Varley. [10] Restored from bare chassis recovered in Wales. Now owned by John Ward and renamed as Denby Maiden. [5]

8 Pendle Laddie Yorkshire WG Tractor19272118UA1163
Yorkshire steam wagon, Pendle Laddie, front.JPG
Yorkshire WG flexible six wheeler, 'Pendle Laddie'. Rebuilt by Tom Varley from parts recovered by Walter Fearnley. This vehicle was supplied to the Leeds Corporation Electricity Department as a cable carrier. [5]
9 Pendle Knight Robey & Co. 'Express' steam tractor 192943388VL983
Robey steam tractor, Pendle Knight.jpg

Later fitted with pneumatic front wheels. [11] Now renamed as Kernow Knight. [12]

12 Her Majesty Atkinson steam wagon191872CK209The last known surviving Atkinson steam wagon. Exported to Western Australia and recovered by Tom Varley in the 1970s. [13] [14] [15] Now owned by Preston Steam Services in Kent.
18 Yorkshire Lad / Queen Anne Yorkshire WG steam wagon19272128UA1788
M G Wines Transport (UA 1788) 1923 Yorkshire steam wagon, 2003 Great Dorset Steam Fair.jpg

Shaft-drive Yorkshire wagon. [16] [17] Originally a chain-drive WG model, this was restored by Walter Fearnley using the shaft-drive gearbox from a later WJ model before being purchased by Tom Varley. The original gearbox and drive was then used for WG 2118. [5] Now owned by M.G. Wines of Somerset as 'Yorkshire Lad' [18]

His Lordship Burrell 10NHP Showman's Road Locomotive 19133444CK3403
His Lordship, Burrell Showman's engine.jpg

Sold in 1996 to J. G. Atkinson of the Scarborough Fair Collection. [19]

Foden Colonial steam wagon19134086M48485 ton "Colonial" steam wagon. [20] Sold new to C H Curtis, Manly, Australia, then to "Glenreagh " Lake Cargelligo. Recovered and restored by Tom Varley in the 1970s. [21] Sold later to Germany, then returned to Mike Plumb, Norfolk. [22]
Aveling & Porter FGPA steam wagon19229282D3777FGPA steam wagon built by Garrett at Leiston. Exported to Australia and recovered by Tom Varley in 1978. Later sold to Peter Rigg of Todmorden. [23] [24]
Pendle Princess Garrett 4CD showmans tractor191933705BJ4788
1919 Garrett Showmans Steam Tractor 33705, Mibu Bandai Museum, Japan.JPG
New to Stone Court Brick and Tile Works, Pembury, Kent as tractor. Converted to showmans tractor in preservation before being bought by Tom Varley. Now in Japan at the Bandai Museum.
Lady Betty Fowler 8NHP Showman's Road Locomotive 19029381WR6770Originally supplied to John Smith's Brewery at Tadcaster with short wheelbase, and converted in working life to showman's engine. Converted back to road locomotive and used for agricultural purposes before being re-converted in preservation.
Pendle Lady Sentinel S4 steam waggon19349003VE9963
Pendle Witch Aveling & Porter Class BTD Road Roller19168727TC2173Exhibited at the 1916 RASE Show, New To Morecambe UDC, later John Ball of Forton, Isaac Ball of Wharles and then to Walton Le Dale UDC. Purchased from them by Tom Varley in 1969 for use building the roadways around his Caravan park. later passed on to Alwyn Rogers, Alan Mountfield and Currently owned by Graham Townsend of Southport.
24 Howard two-speed traction engine1872201Re-imported from Australia in 1980 [25] [26] [27] Sold, along with the Aveling & Porter, to Peter Rigg of Todmorden. [28]
Foster 5 ton steam wagon192114470SV5506The last surviving Foster wagon. Re-imported from Australia by Tom Varley in 1983. [29] Now named William Tritton [30]

Related Research Articles

Traction engine Steam-powered haulage engine

A traction engine is a steam-powered tractor used to move heavy loads on roads, plough ground or to provide power at a chosen location. The name derives from the Latin tractus, meaning 'drawn', since the prime function of any traction engine is to draw a load behind it. They are sometimes called road locomotives to distinguish them from railway locomotives – that is, steam engines that run on rails.

Steamroller Steam powered road roller

A steamroller is a form of road roller – a type of heavy construction machinery used for leveling surfaces, such as roads or airfields – that is powered by a steam engine. The levelling/flattening action is achieved through a combination of the size and weight of the vehicle and the rolls: the smooth wheels and the large cylinder or drum fitted in place of treaded road wheels.

Milestones Museum

Milestones Museum of Living History is a museum located on the Leisure Park in Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK. Milestones is made up of a network of streets that have been recreated according to those found in Victorian and 1930s Hampshire.

Hollycombe Steam Collection

The Hollycombe Steam Collection is a collection of steam-powered vehicles, rides and attractions based near Liphook in Hampshire. The collection includes fairground rides, a display farm and two railways.

Aveling and Porter Steam engineering company, best known for their road rollers

Aveling and Porter was a British agricultural engine and steamroller manufacturer. Thomas Aveling and Richard Thomas Porter entered into partnership in 1862, and developed a steam engine three years later in 1865. By the early 1900s, the company had become the largest manufacturer of steamrollers in the world.

Seddon Atkinson Vehicles Limited, a manufacturer of large goods vehicles based in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England, was formed after the acquisition in 1970 of Atkinson Vehicles Limited of Preston by Seddon Diesel Vehicles Limited of Oldham. In 1974, the firm was acquired by International Harvester, which sold it in March 1984 to the Spanish group Enasa which made it a subsidiary of Pegaso. In 1990, it became part of Iveco which used the brand for various types of specialised vehicles in the United Kingdom. The range of models produced included EuroMover, Pacer and Strato, which are aimed at refuse collection, recycling and construction operators.

Sentinel Waggon Works Manufacturer of steam vehicles

Sentinel Waggon Works Ltd was a British company based in Shrewsbury, Shropshire that made steam-powered lorries, railway locomotives, and later, diesel engined lorries, buses and locomotives.

Foden Trucks automobile manufacturer

Foden Trucks was a British truck and bus manufacturing company which had its origins in Elworth near Sandbach in 1856. Paccar acquired the company in 1980, and ceased to use the marque name in 2006.

John Fowler & Co. Steam engineering company founded by John Fowler

John Fowler & Co Engineers of Leathley Road, Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England produced traction engines and ploughing implements and equipment, as well as railway equipment. Fowler also produced the Track Marshall tractor which was a tracked version of the Field Marshall. British Railways Engineering Department locomotives ED1 to ED7 were built by Fowler

Richard Garrett & Sons company based in Suffolk, UK

Richard Garrett & Sons was a manufacturer of agricultural machinery, steam engines and trolleybuses. Their factory was Leiston Works, in Leiston, Suffolk, England. The company was founded by Richard Garrett in 1778.

The Strumpshaw Hall Steam Museum in Strumpshaw, Norfolk is home to a collection of Traction engines, Steam rollers, a Showman's engine and a Steam wagon which are run on special occasions and on the last Sunday of each month from April to October.

History of steam road vehicles Wikimedia history article

The history of steam road vehicles comprises the development of vehicles powered by a steam engine for use on land and independent of rails, whether for conventional road use, such as the steam car and steam waggon, or for agricultural or heavy haulage work, such as the traction engine.

Steam wagon steam-powered road vehicle for carrying freight

A steam wagon is a steam-powered road vehicle for carrying freight. It is the earliest form of lorry (truck) and came in two basic forms: overtype and undertype, the distinction being the position of the engine relative to the boiler. Manufacturers tended to concentrate on one form or the other.

Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co.

The Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co. was a steam wagon manufacturer in Leeds, England. They produced their first wagon in 1901. Their designs had a novel double-ended transverse boiler. In 1911 the company's name was changed to Yorkshire Commercial Motor Co., but reverted to Yorkshire Patent Steam Wagon Co. in 1922. Steam wagon production ceased in 1937, and the company was finally dissolved in 1993.

Vertical boiler Type of boiler in which the water heatness occurs from home upwards

A vertical boiler is a type of fire-tube or water-tube boiler where the boiler barrel is oriented vertically instead of the more common horizontal orientation. Vertical boilers were used for a variety of steam-powered vehicles and other mobile machines, including early steam locomotives.

Sentinel boiler

The Sentinel boiler was a design of vertical boiler, fitted to the numerous steam waggons built by the Sentinel Waggon Works.

James & Frederick Howard

James & Fred Howard of Bedford, later known simply as Howards, were one of the smaller English makers of agricultural machinery and steam traction engines. At The Great Exhibition of 1851 they exhibited a range of horse-drawn implements. After World War I, Howards became part of AGE, Agricultural & General Engineers, along with many of the other British makers of similar machinery.

Robey & Co engineering company

Robey and Co. was an engineering company based in Lincoln, England which can be traced back to at least 1849.

References

    1. Tom had a Sentinel waggon from the Aberdeen Coal & Shipping company. This may be the same waggon.
    1. 1 2 Derek Rayner (2003). Steam Wagons. Shire. p. Foreword. Dedicated to the late Tom Varley, whose personal devotion to the acquisition of rare and unique steam wagons – sometimes from far and distant lands – and their subsequent restoration has left British steam road enthusiasts a lasting legacy of which they can be proud.
    2. "Memories of Gisburn".
    3. "Glorious Gisburn". Old Glory (8): 11–12. May–June 1990.
    4. "List of known exported engines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2011.
    5. 1 2 3 4 "Surviving Yorkshire Steam Wagons". Michael Walters.
    6. "U4245 (David Varley)". Flickr.
    7. Ran Hawthorne (ed.). Steam Wagons & Tractors. Steaming. National Traction Engine Club. p. 6.
    8. Sandymain @ Flickr. "UB 8660 (Tom Varley)". Flickr.
    9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    10. "CA 170 (Gisburn)". Flickr.
    11. "VL 983 side". Flickr.
    12. "Kernow Knight".
    13. "CK 209 (Lake Goldsmith) side". Flickr.
    14. "Chariots of Fire". Old Glory (1): 10–15. Summer 1998.
    15. Aus exports, 8
    16. "UA 1788 (T Varley) front". Flickr.
    17. "UA 1788 (T Varley) side". Flickr.
    18. http://www.steamscenes.org.uk/engines/yorkshire/wagon/2108/#
    19. "Burrell 10NHP Showman's Road Locomotive 'His Lordship'".
    20. "M4848 Foden Colonial". Steam Scenes.
    21. Aus exports, 59
    22. "Plumb loco!". Old Glory. No. 204. February 2007. pp. 54–60.
    23. Aus exports, 2
    24. "Aveling & Porter Steam Wagon 1921. Cumbria steam gathering (Peter Rigg)". 2005.
    25. Aus exports, 80
    26. Marcel Gommers (1987). "Howard No24".
    27. "Howard No24". 1990. also a three-quarter view
    28. "J & F Howard Traction Engine 24, 1872. Cumbria steam gathering (Peter Rigg)". 2005.
    29. Aus exports, 75
    30. Rayner (2003), p. 16.