Tomb of the Prophet Hazkiel

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Tomb of the Prophet Hazkiel
Navi Yehezqel.jpg
The synagogue Knis Navi Yehezqel in the 1940s.
Coordinates 37°05′39″N43°23′16″E / 37.094248°N 43.387802°E / 37.094248; 43.387802 Coordinates: 37°05′39″N43°23′16″E / 37.094248°N 43.387802°E / 37.094248; 43.387802
Location Amadiya, Iraqi Kurdistan
Completion date1250 for building
(tomb attributed to 500-700 BC by Ezekiel interpretation)
Dedicated to Ezekiel or Hazana
or Hazan David / Hazan Yosef
Website General Board of Tourism of Kurdistan Iraq

The Tomb of the Prophet Hazkiel, also known as the Tomb of Hazana (popular name) or Be Hazane (Jewish name), is a shrine in Amadiya in Iraqi Kurdistan , and was part of the former synagogue Knis Navi Yehezqel. The tomb is holy to Muslims, Christians and Jews, though there are varying opinions on the identity of who is in the burial vault.


The view of the Iraqi Kurdistan government is that the biblical prophet Ezekiel is buried there, and attributes the burial vault to the time of Ezekiel, 500-700 BC. The synagogue Knis Navi Yehezqel was dedicated to Ezekiel, but the Jews did not consider him to be buried in Amadiyah.

The popular tradition is that it is an obscure Jewish prophet known as Hazana, described by locals as a son of David or a grandson of Joseph or simply as a forgotten figure, and who is associated with purity and fertility. [1]

The Jewish tradition is that it is the burial site of two brothers, Hazan David and Hazan Yosef, who were the first of that community to settle in Amadiya (Hazan is in Kurdish Judaism a title nearly equivalent to Hakham or Rabbi). Hazan David died by tradition in 936, and the synagogue Knis Navi Yehezqel was constructed ca. 1250, perhaps in 1228. Jewish pilgrimages were made during the festival of Shavuot. [2] [3] Mordechai Zaken believes that the founder figure was Hazan Yosef, who was the son of Hazan David. [4]

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  1. Nordland, Rod (2017-11-07). "An Iraqi Town Where Muslims, Jews and Christians Coexist, in Theory". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  2. Alexie, Sandrine (2014-01-27). "Maisons juives et synagogues d'Amadiyya" . Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  3. Brauer, Erich (1993). The Jews of Kurdistan. Wayne State University Press. ISBN   0814323928.
  4. Mordechai Moti Zaken (2017-11-12), The tomb of Hazana in Amadiya Iraq , retrieved 2017-11-12