Toni Jennings

Last updated
Toni Jennings
Toni Jennings2.jpg
16th Lieutenant Governor of Florida
In office
March 3, 2003 January 2, 2007
Governor Jeb Bush
Preceded by Frank Brogan
Succeeded by Jeff Kottkamp
President of the Florida Senate
In office
Preceded by James A. Scott
Succeeded byJohn M. McKay
Member of the Florida Senate
from the 9th district
In office
Preceded byWilliam G. Bankhead
Succeeded byD. Lee Constantine
Member of the Florida Senate
from the 15th district
In office
Preceded byWilliam D. Gorman
Succeeded by Patsy Ann Kurth
Member of the FloridaHouseofRepresentatives
from the 42nd district
In office
Preceded byWilliam D. Gorman [1]
Succeeded byThomas B. Drage Jr.
Personal details
Born (1949-05-17) May 17, 1949 (age 71)
Orlando, Florida, U.S.
Political party Republican
ProfessionTeacher and Politician

Antoinette Jennings (born May 17, 1949) is an American politician who was the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Florida. She was nominated to the office by Governor Jeb Bush in February 2003 to replace Frank Brogan, who resigned to become president of Florida Atlantic University. She was sworn in on March 3, 2003, becoming the first woman to hold the office. [2] She declined to run for governor in 2006 even though she was reputed to be Bush's preferred choice as his successor.


After the 2006 elections, Jennings was replaced as lieutenant governor by Jeff Kottkamp, on January 2, 2007.

Jennings previously served in the Florida House of Representatives from 1976–1980, and in the Florida Senate, from 1980–2000. In 1994, when Orange County chairman Linda Chapin announced she was not seeking re-election, she failed to convince Jennings to return to Orlando and campaign for the office herself. Instead, she remained in Tallahassee to be elected by her Senate peers to be president of the Florida senate—the only person to have held the powerful office for two terms, from 1996–2000. In 2000, legislative term limits came into effect, having been instituted by a constitutional referendum taken several years earlier. Jennings was thereafter prohibited from seeking reelection.

Before entering public service, Jennings was an elementary school teacher. During and after her tenure in the legislature, she also ran the family construction business. She is a graduate of Wesleyan College.

As lieutenant governor, she worked on legislative relations for Bush, on education policy, hurricane preparedness, disaster relief and issues related to the Space Coast in Florida.

She joined FPL's board of directors a month after leaving office in 2007.

Jennings endorsed former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney in the 2008 presidential primary election.

See also

Related Research Articles

Ander Crenshaw American politician

Alexander Mann "Ander" Crenshaw is an American banker, attorney, and politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Florida's 4th congressional district from 2001 to 2017. He is a member of the Republican Party. Crenshaw retired from Congress when his term ended on January 3, 2017.

Kendrick Meek American politician

Kendrick Brett Meek is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Florida's 17th congressional district from 2003 to 2011. He was the Democratic nominee in the 2010 Senate election for the seat of Mel Martinez, but he and independent candidate Charlie Crist lost in a three-way race to Republican Marco Rubio.

Buddy MacKay American politician

Kenneth Hood "Buddy" MacKay Jr. is an American politician and diplomat from Florida. A Democrat, he served for 24 days as the 42nd Governor of Florida following the death of Lawton Chiles on December 12, 1998. During his long public service career he was also a state legislator, a U.S. Representative, lieutenant governor, and special envoy of President Bill Clinton's administration for the Americas. As of 2020, he is the last Democrat to serve as Governor or Lieutenant Governor of Florida.

Lieutenant Governor of Texas position

The lieutenant governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.

Tom Gallagher Florida politician

C. Thomas Gallagher III is an American politician, financier, and insurance agent from the state of Florida and a member of the Republican Party. Gallagher holds the distinction of having served more years as an elected state official than any other individual in Florida history. He began his career in the Florida House of Representatives, where he served from 1974 to 1987.

Florence Shapiro Texas State Senator

Florence Donald Shapiro is an American politician from Texas, a Republican former member of the Texas Senate. From 1993 to 1995, she represented the 2nd District and from 1995 to 2013, the 8th District, which includes several cities, towns, and other outlying areas of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex.

Glenda Hood American politician

Glenda Evans Hood is a U.S. politician, who was Secretary of State of Florida, from 2003 to 2005, and the first woman to serve as Mayor of Orlando (1992–2003).

The Florida Democratic Party (FDP) is the state branch of the United States Democratic Party in the state of Florida, headquartered in Tallahassee.

Benigno Fitial seventh governor of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Benigno Repeki Fitial was the seventh governor of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). The second longest-serving governor in CNMI history, Fitial was elected on November 6, 2005, assumed office on January 9, 2006, and was re-elected to a (five-year) second term in 2009. He was impeached by the CNMI House of Representatives on February 11, 2013 and was scheduled to face trial before the CNMI Senate to determine if he should be removed from office. He resigned on February 20, 2013 after 7 years, 1 month, and 11 days in office.

Frank Brogan American academic

Frank T. Brogan is the former Chancellor of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, former Chancellor of the State University System of Florida, and former President of Florida Atlantic University. He was also the 15th Lieutenant Governor of Florida. Brogan is a longtime educator who served eight years in statewide office. On June 25, 2018, Brogan was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Assistant Secretary of Education. He succeeded Deborah S. Delisle.

Tom Lee (Florida politician) American politician

Tom Lee is a Republican member of the Florida State Senate, representing the Hillsborough County area since 2012 and from 1996 to 2006. He has represented the 20th district, encompassing northeastern Hillsborough, southeastern Pasco County, and northwestern Polk County, since 2016, after being redistricted from the 24th district. He served as Senate President from 2004 to 2006. He was the Republican nominee for Chief Financial Officer of Florida in 2006, but lost to Democratic nominee Alex Sink. On May 29, 2020, he announced he would resign from the Senate effective November 3, 2020 while he considered running for local office.

President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate

The President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate is the second-highest-ranking official of the Oklahoma Senate and the highest-ranking state senator. The Oklahoma Constitution designates the Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma as the highest-ranking official, serving ex officio as President of the Senate, even though he or she only votes in the case of a tie. During the lieutenant governor's absence, the president pro tempore presides over sessions. By longstanding custom, the lieutenant governor presides over sessions devoted to ceremonial purposes, while the bulk of the legislative management and political power is reserved for the president pro tempore, who is elected directly by the Oklahoma Senate.

William Roark Ratliff, is a Texas politician who served as a member of the Texas State Senate from 1988 to 2004. Between 2000 and 2003 he served as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Texas, after previous Lieutenant Governor Rick Perry succeeded to the governorship to replace George W. Bush who resigned to become President of the United States.

2008 United States elections Election in the United States on 2008

The 2008 United States elections were held on November 4. Democratic Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won the presidential election, and Democrats bolstered their majority in both houses of Congress.

2003 Kentucky gubernatorial election

The 2003 Kentucky gubernatorial election was held to elect the Governor of Kentucky on November 4, 2003. Republican candidate Ernie Fletcher defeated Democrat Ben Chandler and became the first Republican governor of Kentucky in 32 years.

Oscar Braynon Florida State Senator

Oscar Braynon, II is a Democratic politician who has served as a member of the Florida State Senate since 2011. He currently represents the 35th district, which includes Miami Gardens, Miramar, and surrounding areas in southern Broward and northern Miami-Dade County. Braynon previously served as a member of the Florida House of Representatives, representing the 103rd district from 2008 to 2011.

2016 United States elections Election in the United States in 2016

The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. Republican TV celebrity Donald Trump defeated Democratic former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the presidential election, while Republicans retained control of Congress.

37th Oklahoma Legislature

The Thirty-seventh Oklahoma Legislature was a meeting of the legislative branch of the government of Oklahoma, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It met in Oklahoma City from January 2 to July 2, 1979, from January 8 to June 16, 1980, and from July 7 to 11, 1980, during the term of Governor George Nigh.


  1. "House of Representatives". 13 January 2018. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018.
  2. Jordon Kalilich (2008-08-06). "Frank Brogan and Toni Jennings". The World of Stuff. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
Florida Senate
Preceded by
William D. Gorman
Member of the Florida Senate
from the 15th district

Succeeded by
Patsy Ann Kurth
Preceded by
William G. Bankhead
Member of the Florida Senate
from the 9th district

Succeeded by
D. Lee Constantine
Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Brogan
Lieutenant Governor of Florida
Succeeded by
Jeff Kottkamp