Transnational gangs

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Transnational gangs can be described as gangs that are located in multiple countries. When these gangs commit crimes in one country, their plans for the crime can sometimes be put together in another country. These gangs or  mara  are able to move around efficiently from one place to another. Transnational gangs are not a normal  street gang  because they are much larger in size and located in more than one country; they are considered to be able to pose a significant threat for the safety of the countries they are located in. [1]




The Mara Salvatrucha, or the MS-13 gang are located in the United States, Canada, Mexico and El Salvador. [2] The Mara Salvatrucha gang was founded in the 1980s in Los Angeles, California. [3] The original members of the Mara Salvatrucha were refugees from El Salvador that came to the United States . [2] The Barrio 18 or the 18th Street Gang is the Mara Salvatrucha's main rivals. [4]

18th Street Gang

The 18th Street Gang, also known as the Barrio 18, are located in the United States, Canada, Central America and Mexico. The 18th Street Gang is a youth gang. The current gang was founded in the 1980s in Los Angeles, California. The 18th Street Gang was originally part of the Clanton 14 Gang, but they divided in the 1980s; the gang was originally started by Mexican immigrants. [5] The Mara Salvatucha are considered the 18th Street Gang's enemies . [6]

Barrio Azteca

The Barrio Azteca are a prison gang that are located in the United States and Mexico. The Barrio Azteca was founded in 1986 in El Paso, Texas. The prison gang was started by Mexican prisoners that were incarcerated in El Paso. The Sinaloa Cartel is one of the Barrio Azteca's major enemies. [7]

Hells Angels

The Hells Angels are an outlaw motorcycle gang. They are located in the United States, Europe, Canada, Oceania, Africa, Asia, South America and Central America. [8] The gang was founded on March 7, 1948 in Fontana, California and San Bernardino, California. [9] The Hells Angels are considered to be a gang because they fit the definition of a gang; one of the requirements to be considered a gang is to participate in some form of crime. The crimes that the Hells Angels participate in include the transportation, production and distribution of drugs, assault, homicide, motorcycle theft, extortion, money laundering, and sex trafficking. [10]

Black Pistons

The Black Pistons are an outlaw motorcycle gang. They are located in the United States, Wales, Scotland, Iceland, Australia, England, Norway, Ireland, Belgium, Switzerland, Poland, Germany and Canada. The gang was founded in Germany in 2002 as a support for the Outlaws Motorcycle Club. [11] They are considered a gang because they meet the requirements of a gang, which include committing crimes. The crimes that the Black Pistons commit are theft, assault, intimidation, extortion, fraud and many others. [10]

Related Research Articles

A gang is a group or society of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bandidos Motorcycle Club</span> International outlaw motorcycle club

The Bandidos Motorcycle Club, also known as the Bandido Nation, is an outlaw motorcycle club with a worldwide membership. Formed in San Leon, Texas, in 1966, the Bandidos MC is estimated to have between 2,000 and 2,500 members and 303 chapters located in 22 countries, making it the second-largest motorcycle club in the world behind the Hells Angels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">18th Street gang</span> Transnational criminal gang

18th Street, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, Mara 18, or simply La 18 in Central America, is a multi-ethnic transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in Los Angeles. It is one of the largest transnational criminal gangs in Los Angeles, with 50,000 members between the United States, Mexico, and Central America and is also controlled by the Mexican Mafia, another US-based crime organization. A United States Department of Justice report featured the following statement regarding 18th Street and rival gang MS-13, "These two gangs have turned the Central American northern triangle into the area with the highest homicide rate in the world."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outlaws Motorcycle Club</span> International outlaw motorcycle club

The Outlaws Motorcycle Club, incorporated as the American Outlaws Association or its acronym, A.O.A., is an outlaw motorcycle club that was formed in McCook, Illinois, in 1935. With a membership of over 5,000 members world-wide and 416 chapters in 41 countries, the Outlaws is one of the largest outlaw motorcycle clubs in the world and historic arch-rival of the Hells Angels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pagan's Motorcycle Club</span> Outlaw motorcycle club in the United States

Pagan's Motorcycle Club, or simply the Pagans, is an outlaw motorcycle club formed by Lou Dobkin in 1957 in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The club rapidly expanded and by 1959, the Pagans, originally clad in blue denim jackets and riding Triumphs, began to evolve along the lines of the stereotypical one percenter motorcycle club.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outlaw motorcycle club</span> Motorcycle subculture

An outlaw motorcycle club, known colloquially as a biker gang or motorcycle gang, is a motorcycle subculture generally centered on the use of cruiser motorcycles, particularly Harley-Davidsons and choppers, and a set of ideals that purport to celebrate freedom, nonconformity to mainstream culture, and loyalty to the biker group.

A mara is a form of gang originating in the United States, which spread to Central American countries such as El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mongols Motorcycle Club</span> International outlaw motorcycle club

The Mongols Motorcycle Club, also known as the Mongol Brotherhood or Mongol Nation, is an international outlaw motorcycle club. Originally formed in Montebello, California, in 1969, the club is headquartered in Southern California. Although the Mongols' main presence lies in California, they also have chapters nationwide in 14 states and internationally in 11 countries. Law enforcement officials estimate approximately 2,000 "full-patched" members are in the club. The Mongols are the fifth-largest outlaw biker club in the world, after the Hells Angels, the Bandidos, the Outlaws and the Pagans.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hells Angels</span> International outlaw motorcycle club

The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC) is an international outlaw motorcycle club whose members typically ride Harley-Davidson motorcycles. In the United States and Canada, the Hells Angels are incorporated as the Hells Angels Motorcycle Corporation. Common nicknames for the club are the "H.A.", "Red & White", "HAMC", and "81". With a membership of over 6,000, and 467 chapters in 59 countries, the HAMC is the largest motorcycle club in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MS-13</span> Transnational criminal gang

Mara Salvatrucha, commonly known as MS-13, is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California, in the 1980s. Originally, the gang was set up to protect Salvadoran immigrants from other gangs in the Los Angeles area. Over time, the gang grew into a more traditional criminal organization. MS-13 has a long time rivalry with the 18th Street gang.

Barrio Azteca, or Los Aztecas, is a Mexican-American street and prison gang originally based in El Paso, Texas, USA and Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. The gang was formed in the Coffield Unit, located near Tennessee Colony, Texas by Jose "Raulio" Rivera, a prisoner from El Paso, in the early 1980s. It expanded into a transnational criminal organization that traded mainly across the US-Mexico border. Currently one of the most violent gangs in the United States, they are said to have over 3,000 members across the country in locations such as New Mexico, Texas, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania as well as at least 5,000 members in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crime in El Salvador</span> Overview of crime in El Salvador

As of 2011, there are an estimated 25,000 gang members at large in El Salvador; another 43,500 are in prison. The best-known gangs, called maras in colloquial Salvadoran Spanish, are Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and their rivals 18th Street; maras are hunted by death squads, including Sombra Negra. Newer rivals include the rising mara, The Rebels 13. Criminal youth gangs dominate life in El Salvador; an estimation of at least 60,000 young people belong to gangs. It is one of the three countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America, along with neighboring Guatemala and Honduras, which are all afflicted with high levels of violence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Black Pistons Motorcycle Club</span> Outlaw motorcycle club affiliated with the Outlaws MC

Black Pistons Motorcycle Club is an Outlaw motorcycle club and a official support club for the Outlaws Motorcycle Club, another group of motorcycle enthusiasts. Established in Neuwied, Germany October 2001 with the idea generating from the Koblenz Outlaws, the Black Pistons have expanded rapidly throughout the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia. The Black Pistons have an estimated 70 domestic chapters in 20 US states and an unknown number of international chapters in Belgium, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Norway, Ireland, Philippines, Japan, Russia, France, Hong Kong, Thailand and Poland. The exact number of Black Pistons members is unknown but the figure is estimated to be more than 600 in the U.S. The Outlaws use the Black Pistons chapters as a recruitment source for prospective Outlaws members

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Road Rats Motorcycle Club</span> English outlaw motorcycle club

The Road Rats Motorcycle Club (RRMC) is an English outlaw motorcycle club established in London in the 1960s. Arguably one of the "oldest and toughest motorcycle clubs in the country", the Road Rats are notorious for having fallen out with almost every motorcycle club in the United Kingdom and a few outside of the UK. The club became notable for its clashes with the English Hells Angels chapter, including a shooting on Chelsea Bridge, the Satans Slaves, in which two Road Rats were killed, and for murdering one of the founders of the Cycle Tramps motorcycle gang.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Popeye Moto Club</span> Defunct outlaw motorcycle club from Quebec, Canada

The Popeye Moto Club, also referred to as the Popeye(s) MC, and often shortened to simply The Popeyes was a French-Canadian outlaw motorcycle club and criminal organization based across the province of Quebec. At the group's peak, they were believed to be the largest club in Montreal and the second-largest outlaw motorcycle club in Canada, behind Satan's Choice. They were also the largest of the French-speaking clubs in the country.


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