Trift Glacier

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Trift Glacier
Triftgletscher
Triftgletscher01.JPG
Trift Glacier in September 2007
Switzerland relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Trift Glacier
Location in Switzerland
Location Canton of Berne, Switzerland
Coordinates 46°39′40″N8°22′40″E / 46.66111°N 8.37778°E / 46.66111; 8.37778 Coordinates: 46°39′40″N8°22′40″E / 46.66111°N 8.37778°E / 46.66111; 8.37778
Length5 km

The Trift Glacier (German : Triftgletscher) is a 5 km (3.1 mi) long glacier (2005) in the Urner Alps near Gadmen, in the extreme east of the canton Berne in Switzerland. [1]

Contents

Trift Glacier viewing south in winter of 2014. Triftgletscher 2014.jpg
Trift Glacier viewing south in winter of 2014.

Morphology

In 1973 glacier was 5.75 km long, 3 km wide at the top and around 500 m wide at it tongue. Overall it covered an area of 16.55 km2 (6.39 sq mi) including glacier sides. [2]

Since the end of the Little Ice Age, the Trift Glacier is shrinking. The valley in which lake Triftsee is today used to be filled by a large mass of ice well into the 20th century. In the 1990s small puddles of melt water began to form at the glacier tongue and gradually became larger. In the hot summer of 2003, the lake quickly grew and the glacier tongue sank into the melt water and dissolved in it, which led to a shrinkage of the glacier of more than 136 m within a year. Since 1861, the glacier has shrunk a total of 2771 meters.

Tourist attractions

At an altitude of 2520 meters above sea level is the Trifthutte , a mountain hut of the Schweizer Alpen-Club (SAC) that was only accessible via the glacier tongue. Due to the melting of the glacier, in 2004 people were forced to build a bridge, the Triftbrücke to reach this hut.

See also


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References

  1. Reynolds, Kev (2011). Walking in the Alps: A Comprehensive Guide to Walking and Trekking throughout the Alps. Kendal, UK: Cicerone Press. p. 197.
  2. (in German) Triftgletscher Gadmen, Schweizerisches Gletschermessnetz