Trumpington War Memorial

Last updated
War Memorial, High St, Trumpington (geograph 2188630).jpg
War memorial trumpington.jpg

Trumpington War Memorial is a war memorial cross in the village of Trumpington, on the southern outskirts of Cambridge. The memorial was designed by Eric Gill. It was unveiled in 1921, and became a Grade II* listed building in 1999.

Proposals for a war memorial were considered by a sub-committee of the Trumpington parish council in May 1919; members included the parish priest, Rev. Arthur Christopher Moule (former Professor of Chinese at Cambridge University, and son of Bishop George Moule), and the medical doctor William Warburton Wingate (husband of Viola Pemberton, whose family owned Trumpington Hall). Options considered included a memorial garden with tennis courts, a clock tower, and an obelisk, but the committee selected a memorial cross. The cost of the memorial was raised by public subscription, with the Pemberton family contributing £200. Eric Gill was commissioned to make the cross. He had already done the inscription for a memorial for a member of the Pemberton family at the parish church of St Mary and St Michael nearby.

The memorial is located at a site in the centre of the village, formerly called Cross Hill, at the junction of the High Street, and Church Lane which leads towards the church, becoming Grantchester Road and continuing west towards Grantchester. Originally the cross was located in the road to Grantchester, with the carriageway passing to either side; now it is surrounded by a paved area, with the road passing to the south. During construction, excavation works for the foundations uncovered a large square Barnack stone with a socket, inscribed in memory of John Stockton and his wife Agnes; the stone is believed to be the 13th base for a wooden roadside cross, and it is now preserved inside the church.

The memorial is built from Portland stone. It comprises a 14.5 feet (4.4 m) Latin cross standing on a 4 feet (1.2 m) square plinth, itself standing on a square base of three steps.

Each of the four sides of the cross shaft bears two carved and inscribed panels. The lower round-headed panels have high-relief images representing the parish's two patron saints - the Virgin Mary (on the west side, with a baby and cradle) and Saint Michael (on the north side, with wings, slaying a dragon) - and also the patron saint of England Saint George (on the east side, accompanied by a human figure, also slaying a dragon), with the fourth panel to the south showing a tired soldier (this panel based on a David Jones design). The upper panels are elongated ovals, each inscribed with nine names commemorating the 36 men from the village killed in the First World War, with small crosses at the top and bottom.

The four sides of the plinth are decorated with three carved round-headed arches. The east side, towards the High Street, bears the dates "1914" and "1918" in the side arches, with an inscription in the centre arch: "MEN / OF TRUM- / PINGTON / WHO GAVE / THEIR LIVES / IN THE / GREAT / WAR". The south side, towards Church Lane, has the inscribed dates "1939–1945" in the central arch, with the names of 8 war dead from the Second World War in the two side arches (inscriptions added later, probably by David Kindersley). The west side bears the inscription "FOR / LIBERTY / AND / JUSTICE'" in the centre arch, with the ones to either side blank. The arches to the north side bear no inscriptions.

The memorial was unveiled on Sunday 11 December 1921, with a service at the parish church nearby by Rev. Moule. It was renovated in 2014, and an additional name (Lieutenant Jack Neville Creek, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) was added.

Related Research Articles

Thiepval Memorial Memorial located in Somme, in France

The Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme is a war memorial to 72,337 missing British and South African servicemen who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918, with no known grave. It is near the village of Thiepval, Picardy in France. A visitors' centre opened in 2004. Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, Thiepval has been described as "the greatest executed British work of monumental architecture of the twentieth century".

Holy Trinity Church, Wavertree Church in Merseyside, England

Holy Trinity Church is in Church Road, Wavertree, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool, and the deanery of Toxteth and Wavertree. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building. It was described by John Betjeman as "Liverpool's best Georgian church".

Trumpington Human settlement in England

Trumpington is a village and former civil parish on the outskirts of Cambridge, England, on the southwest side of the city bordering Cherry Hinton to the east, Grantchester to the west and Great Shelford and Little Shelford to the southeast. The village is an electoral ward of the City of Cambridge. The 2011 Census recorded the ward's population as 8,034.

St James and St Pauls Church, Marton Church in Cheshire, England

The Church of St James and St Paul, south of the village of Marton, Cheshire, England, is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield and the deanery of Congleton. Its benefice is combined with those of Holy Trinity, Capesthorne, Christ Church, Eaton, and All Saints, Siddington. The church is an important location in the novel Strandloper by Alan Garner.

Rainham War Memorial

The Rainham War Memorial commemorates soldiers killed in both World Wars as well as civilian casualties of World War II.

All Saints Church, Claverley Church in Shropshire, England

All Saints Church is in the village of Claverley, Shropshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Bridgnorth, the archdeaconry of Ludlow, and the diocese of Hereford. Its benefice is united with that of Holy Innocents, Tuck Hill. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.

St Colanus Church, Colan Church

Colan Church also known as St Colan Church is a 13th-century church in Colan, mid-Cornwall, UK. Dedicated to St Colanus, it became a Grade I listed building in 1967. The vicars of St Columb Minor have served the church since the middle of the 20th century.

Widnes War Memorial

Widnes War Memorial stands in Victoria Park, Widnes, Cheshire, England. It commemorates the serving men who lost their lives in the two world wars. The memorial consists of an obelisk in Portland stone on a plinth of York stone. It was unveiled in 1921, and more names were added in 1950. The monument is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St Nicholas Church, Berden Church in Berden, England

St Nicholas' Church is a Grade I listed parish church in the village of Berden, Essex, England.

St Aidans Church, Billinge Church in Merseyside, England

St Aidan's Church is in Main Street, Billinge, St Helens, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool. It was built in 1716–18 to replace a chapel of ease on the site, and was remodelled and extended in 1907–08. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

St Andrew and St Marys Church, Stoke Rochford Church in United Kingdom

St Andrew and St Mary's Church is a Grade I listed Church of England parish church dedicated to Saint Andrew and Saint Mary, in the parish of Easton and the village of Stoke Rochford, Lincolnshire, England. The church is 5 miles (8 km) south from Grantham, and at the western side of the Lincolnshire Vales in South Kesteven.

Northampton War Memorial First World War memorial on Wood Hill in the centre of Northampton, England

Northampton War Memorial, officially the Town and County War Memorial, is a First World War memorial on Wood Hill in the centre of Northampton, the county town of Northamptonshire, in central England. Designed by architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, it is a Stone of Remembrance flanked by twin obelisks draped with painted stone flags standing in a small garden in what was once part of the churchyard of All Saints' Church.

Mells War Memorial War memorial in Mells, Somerset

Mells War Memorial is a First World War memorial by Sir Edwin Lutyens in the village of Mells in the Mendip Hills of Somerset, south-western England. Unveiled in 1921, the memorial is one of multiple buildings and structures Lutyens designed in Mells. His friendship with two prominent families in the area, the Horners and the Asquiths, led to a series of commissions; among his other works in the village are memorials to two sons—one from each family—killed in the war. Lutyens toured the village with local dignitaries in search of a suitable site for the war memorial, after which he was prompted to remark "all their young men were killed".

Ashwell War Memorial

Ashwell War Memorial is a war memorial cross in the village of Ashwell in North Hertfordshire, England. The memorial was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and unveiled in 1922, one of 15 war crosses designed by Lutyens to similar designs erected between 1920 and 1925. It is a Grade II listed building.

Church of All Saints, Radwell Church in Hertfordshire, England

The Church of All Saints in Radwell in Hertfordshire is an Anglican parish church which comes under the Diocese of St Albans. It is a Grade II* listed building, having gained that status in 1968.

Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial

The Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial is located on the south side of The Mall in Central London, close to the junction with Horse Guards Road at the northeast corner of St James's Park. Unveiled in 1910, it marks the deaths of the 1,083 soldiers of the Royal Artillery who died in the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902 It has been a listed building since 1970.

Dulwich Old College War Memorial

The Dulwich Old College War Memorial is located in the forecourt of Dulwich Old College on College Road in Dulwich in the London Borough of Southwark. It marks the deaths of the former pupils of the college who died in the First World War between 1914 and 1919. The memorial is made from Hopton Wood stone and was designed by William Douglas Caröe. It was unveiled in 1921. It has been grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England since May 2010. The heritage listing places the memorial within a "visual and contextual relationship" with the Grade II listed Old College building and the entrance gates and piers of the Old College, also Grade II listed.

Streatham War Memorial

Streatham War Memorial is a war memorial to the war dead of the London district of Streatham in the two World Wars. It was unveiled in 1922, and is sited near the northwest corner of Streatham Common.

Zemo Nikozi church of the Archangel Church in Gori, Georgia

The Zemo Nikozi church of the Archangel is a 10th-century Georgian Orthodox church in the Gori Municipality, in Georgia's east-central region of Shida Kartli. It is inscribed on the list of Georgia's Immovable Cultural Monuments of National Significance.

The Bank of England War Memorial, in the internal Garden Court at the headquarters of the Bank of England in the City of London, commemorates the bank's staff who were killed while serving in the First World War and Second World War. It includes a bronze sculpture by Richard Reginald Goulden portraying Saint Christopher carrying the Christ Child. It became a Grade II listed building in 2017. The surrounding buildings of the bank are separately listed at Grade I.


Coordinates: 52°10′31″N0°06′45″E / 52.1754°N 0.1126°E / 52.1754; 0.1126