There are 129 Grade II* listed war memorials in England, out of over 2,000 listed war memorials. In the United Kingdom, a listed building is a building or structure of special historical or architectural importance; listing offers the building legal protection against demolition or modification, which requires permission from the local planning authority. Listed buildings are divided into three categories—grade I, grade II*, and grade II—which reflect the relative significance of the structure and may be a factor in planning decisions. Grade I is the most significant and accounts for 2.5% of listed buildings, while grade II accounts for 92%. Grade II* is the intermediate grade accounting for the remaining 5.5%; it is reserved for "particularly important buildings of more than special interest".
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
A local planning authority (LPA) is the local government body that is empowered by law to exercise urban planning functions for a particular area. They exist in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.
A war memorial listed at grade II* may be of particular artistic interest or accomplishment, of a highly unusual design, or of significant historical interest below that required for grade I. It is explicitly unnecessary for the architect or sculptor to be well known in order for a memorial to be listed at grade II*.As part of the commemorations of the centenary of the First World War, Historic England—the government body responsible for listing in England—is running a project with the aim of significantly increasing the number of war memorials on the National Heritage List for England.
Historic England is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). It is tasked with protecting the historical environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings, ancient monuments and advising central and local government.
The National Heritage List for England (NHLE) is England’s official list of buildings, monuments, parks and gardens, wrecks, battlefields and World Heritage Sites. It is maintained by Historic England and brings together these different designations as a single resource even though they vary in the type of legal protection afforded to each. Conservation areas do not appear on the NHLE since they are designated by the relevant local planning authority.
This list includes only memorials that are grade II* listed buildings in their own right. Memorials which are not free-standing—such as a plaque on a church wall—or which form part of the curtilage of a listed building—such as a sculpture within a building—but do not have their own entry on the National Heritage List for England are not included.
In law, the curtilage of a house or dwelling is the land immediately surrounding it, including any closely associated buildings and structures, but excluding any associated "open fields beyond", and also excluding any closely associated buildings, structures, or divisions that contain the separate intimate activities of their own respective occupants with those occupying residents being persons other than those residents of the house or dwelling of which the building is associated. It delineates the boundary within which a home owner can have a reasonable expectation of privacy and where "intimate home activities" take place. It is an important legal concept in certain jurisdictions for the understanding of search and seizure, conveyancing of real property, burglary, trespass, and land use planning.
War memorials in England take a wide variety of forms and commemorate centuries of conflicts, though memorials to conflicts and the soldiers who fought in them—rather than exclusively commemorating victorious commanders—only started to be commonplace after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, which ended the Napoleonic Wars. The aftermath of the First World War (1914–1918) produced significantly more memorials than any other single conflict; thus this list is dominated by First World War memorials, many of which were later re-dedicated or added to reflect losses from the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher. The battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).
World War I memorials commemorate the events and the casualties of World War I. These war memorials include civic memorials, larger national monuments, war cemeteries, private memorials and a range of utilitarian designs such as halls and parks, dedicated to remembering those involved in the conflict. Huge numbers of memorials were built in the 1920s and 1930s, with around 176,000 erected in France alone. This was a new social phenomenon and marked a major cultural shift in how nations commemorated conflicts. Interest in World War I and its memorials faded after World War II, and did not increase again until the 1980s and 1990s, which saw the renovation of many existing memorials and the opening of new sites. Visitor numbers at many memorials increased significantly, while major national and civic memorials continue to be used for annual ceremonies remembering the war.
The list below also features five memorials to the Second Boer War (1899–1902), to which around 1,000 memorials were built in Britain, four commissioned specifically to commemorate the Second World War, and one each to the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) and the Crimean War (1853–1856).
The Second Boer War was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa. It is also known variously as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War. Initial Boer attacks were successful, and although British reinforcements later reversed these, the war continued for years with Boer guerrilla warfare, until harsh British counter-measures brought the Boers to terms.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, South Asia, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions: one was led by the Kingdom of Great Britain and included the Kingdom of Prussia, the Kingdom of Portugal, the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and other small German states; while the other was led by the Kingdom of France and included the Austrian-led Holy Roman Empire, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal.
The Crimean War was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The longer-term causes involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the unwillingness of Britain and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet they led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery".
|Name||ID||Image||Location||Conflict||Architect||Type||Inauguration date||Listing date|
|Mells War Memorial||1058315||Mells, Somerset||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Miscellaneous||1921||1 January 1969|
|Merchant Seamen's Memorial||1031597||Tower Hill, London Borough of Tower Hamlets||Second World War||Sir Edward Maufe||Memorial garden||1955||15 April 1998|
|Radcliffe Cenotaph||1067192||Radcliffe, Greater Manchester||First and Second World Wars||Sydney Marsh||Cenotaph||1922||10 March 1992|
|Stockton-on-Tees War Memorial||1139979||Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham||First World War||Henry Vaughan Lanchester||Sculptures on plinth||1923||19 January 1951|
|Hoylake and West Kirby War Memorial||1116883||West Kirby, Merseyside||First and Second World Wars||Charles Sargeant Jagger||Obelisk and sculptures||1922||24 March 2011|
|Bromley War Memorial||1116976||Bromley, London Borough of Bromley||First and Second World Wars||Sydney March||Obelisk and sculptures||1922||14 December 1995|
|Beaumont College war memorial||1119797||Old Windsor, Berkshire||First World War||Sir Giles Gilbert Scott||Altar and sculpture||1920||26 June 1998|
|Stalybridge War Memorial||1163074||Stalybridge, Greater Manchester||First World War||Ferdinand Victor Blundstone||Sculpture group||1920||6 February 1986|
|Bridgwater War Memorial||1197395||Bridgwater, Somerset||First World War||John Angel||Sculpture||1924||16 December 1974|
|79th Regiment Memorial||1205759||Clifton, Bristol||Seven Years' War (1756–1763)||Unknown||Cenotaph||1766||8 January 1959|
|Northumberland Fusiliers Gateway, Hexham||1281571||Hexham, Northumberland||Arch||Late 17th/early 18th century||2 October 1951|
|South African War Memorial||1257874||York, North Yorkshire||Second Boer War||George Frederick Bodley||Cross||1905||1 July 1968|
|Boer War Memorial Arch||1375606||Brompton, Kent||Second Boer War||Ingress Bell||Memorial arch||1902||8 July 1998|
|North Eastern Railway War Memorial||1256553||York, North Yorkshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Obelisk, screen walls, and Stone of Remembrance||1924||10 September 1970|
|South African War Memorial||1282343||Clifton College, Bristol||Second Boer War||Alfred Drury||Sculpture on plinth||1904||4 March 1977|
|Memorial at Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial||1376611||Madingley, Cambridgeshire||Second World War||Perry Dean Rogers Architects||Chapel and memorial wall||1954||25 September 1998|
|Devon County War Memorial and Processional Way||1393228||Exeter, Devon||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cross||1921||16 April 2009|
|Folkestone War Memorial||1393854||Folkestone, Kent||First and Second World Wars||Ferdinand Victor Blundstone||Sculpture||1922||24 June 2010|
|24th East Surrey Division War Memorial||1391503||Battersea Park, London Borough of Wandsworth||First World War||Eric Kennington||Sculpture||1924||24 August 2005|
|East Pennard Churchyard Cross||1345215||East Pennard, Somerset||First World War||Unknown||Cross||Fifteenth century, restored 1919||2 June 1961|
|South African War Memorial||1389731||Worcester, Worcestershire||Second Boer War||William Robert Colton||Sculpture||1908||19 August 1999|
|Holy Trinity Churchyard Memorial, Liverpool||1393740||Liverpool||George Herbert Tyson Smith||Cross||1920||7 February 2001|
|War memorial at British Medical Association House||1378969||Tavistock Square, London Borough of Camden||Second World War||James Woodford||Sculpture||1954||15 April 1998|
|War memorial at All Saints' Church, Wigan||1384562||Wigan, Greater Manchester||First and Second World Wars||Sir Giles Gilbert Scott||Eleanor cross||1921||24 October 1951|
|Saltburn War Memorial||1387499||Saltburn-by-the-Sea, North Yorkshire||First World War||Sir William Reynolds-Stephens||Cross||1919||26 May 1999|
|Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes||1209973||Liverpool, Merseyside||First World War||Sir William Goscombe John||Obelisk||1916||14 March 1975|
|Commonwealth Air Forces Memorial||1376599||Runnymede, Surrey||Second World War||Sir Edward Maufe||Memorial building||1953||25 September 1998|
|Crimean War Memorial Arch||1375607||Brompton Barracks, Kent||Crimean War||Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt||Memorial arch||1856||8 July 1998|
|Midland Railway War Memorial||1228742||Derby, Derbyshire||First World War||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cenotaph and screen wall||1921||24 February 1977|
|Southport War Memorial||1379604||Southport, Merseyside||First and Second World Wars||Grayson and Barnish||Obelisk and colonnades||1923||15 November 1972|
|South African War Memorial||1024847||Haymarket, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear||Second Boer War||Thomas Eyre Macklin||Sculpture||1907||12 November 1965|
|Bolton Cenotaph||1388289||Bolton, Greater Manchester||First and Second World Wars||Arthur John Hope||Cenotaph and sculptures||1928||30 April 1999|
|Trumpington War Memorial||1245571||Trumpington, Cambridgeshire||First World War||Eric Gill||Cross||1921||12 February 1999|
|Manchester Cenotaph||1270697||St Peter's Square, Manchester, Greater Manchester||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cenotaph||1924||3 September 1974|
|Earl Haig Memorial||1066109||Westminster, Greater London||First World War||Alfred Hardiman||Statue||1936||5 February 1970|
|Dover Patrol Monument||1070067||Dover, Kent||First World War||Sir Aston Webb||Obelisk||1921||22 August 1966|
|Civil Service Rifles War Memorial||1237096||Somerset House, City of Westminster, London||First World War||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Column||1924||1 December 1987|
|Reigate and Redhill War Memorial||1242942||Redhill, Surrey||First World War||Richard Reginald Goulden||Bronze sculpture||1923||18 March 2011|
|Holy Island War Memorial||1042308||Lindisfarne, Northumberland||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cross||1922||15 May 1986|
|British Thomson-Houston Company War Memorial||1392027||Rugby, Warwickshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cross||1921||13 June 2007|
|Faversham Munitions Explosion Memorial||1261010||Faversham, Kent||First World War||Grave, cross and stone||1917||27 September 1989|
|La Délivrance||1286880||Finchley, London||First World War||Émile Guillaume||Bronze sculpture||1927||7 April 1983|
|War Memorial in Coventry War Memorial Park||1410358||Coventry, West Midlands||First World War||Thomas Francis Tickner||Tower||1927||8 January 2013|
|Oswaldtwistle War Memorial||1206103||Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire||First and Second World Wars||Cenotaph and statues||1922||9 March 1984|
|Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regimental War Memorial||1114178||Kempston, Bedfordshire||First and Second World Wars||George Allen||Temple and obelisks||1921||17 May 1984|
|Stourbridge War Memorial||1116647||Stourbridge, West Midlands||First World War||Ernest W Pickford||Cenotaph and sculpture||1923||30 October 1939|
|Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry War Memorial||1298217||Bodmin, Cornwall||First World War||Leonard Stanford Merrifield||Sculpture||1924||7 January 1994|
|Upper North Street School Memorial||1065215||Poplar, Tower Hamlets, London||First World War||A R Adams (company)||Traditional funerary sculpture||1917||27 September 1973|
|Blackpool War Memorial||1072010||Blackpool, Lancashire||First and Second World Wars||Ernest Prestwich||Obelisk||1923||20 October 1923|
|Westfield War Memorial Village memorial||1195055||Lancaster, Lancashire||First and Second World Wars||Jennie Delahunt||Bronze Statue||1926||13 March 1995|
|Keighley War Memorial||1313949||Keighley, West Yorkshire||First World War||Henry Charles Fehr||Bronze sculpture||1924||4 December 1986|
|Ashton-under-Lyne War Memorial||1067996||Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester||First World War||Percy Howard||Cenotaph||1922||14 July 1987|
|Burwash War Memorial||1376156||Burwash, East Sussex||First World War||Sir Charles Nicholson||Cenotaph||1920||25 August 1998|
|London and North Western Railway War Memorial||1342044||Euston railway station, London Borough of Camden||First and Second World Wars||Reginald Wynn Owen||Obelisk||1921||11 January 1999|
|Macclesfield War Memorial||1220798||Macclesfield, Cheshire||First World War||John Millard||Pillar and Bronze sculpture||1921||17 March 1977|
|Birkenhead War Memorial||1218058||Birkenhead, Merseyside||First World War||Lionel Bailey Budden||Cenotaph||1925||28 March 1974|
|Kingston-upon-Thames War Memorial||1080054||Kingston-upon-Thames, Greater London||First and Second World Wars||Richard Reginald Goulden||Pedestal with sculpture||1923||6 October 1983|
|Rawtenstall Cenotaph||1072780||Rawtenstall, Lancashire||First World War||Louis Frederick Roslyn||Cenotaph||1929||30 November 1984|
|Darwen War Memorial||1072435||Darwen, Lancashire||First World War||Louis Frederick Roslyn||Cenotaph||1921||27 September 1984|
|Hythe War Memorial||1430450||Hythe, Kent||First and Second World Wars||Gilbert Bayes||Sculpture||1921||4 December 2015|
|Lytham St Anne's War Memorial||1196391||Lytham St Annes, Lancashire||First World War||Thomas Smith Tait||Cenotaph with sculpture||1923||15 February 1993|
|Harrow School War Memorial Building||1358630||Harrow, London||First World War||Sir Herbert Baker||Memorial building||1926||9 July 1968|
|Shropshire War Memorial||1270484||Shrewsbury, Shropshire||First and Second World Wars||George Hubbard||Rotunda and statue||1922||17 November 1995|
|Lichfield War Memorial||1187733||Lichfield, Staffordshire||First World War||Charles Bateman||Sculpture||1920||5 February 1952|
|Ditchling War Memorial||1438295||Ditchling, East Sussex||First World War||Eric Gill||Column||1919||12 October 2016|
|Newcastle and District War Memorial||1115605||Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear||First World War||James Thoburn Cackett and Robert Burns Dick||Sculpture||1923||12 November 1965|
|The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Cenotaph||1086395||Maidstone, Kent||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cenotaph||1921||2 August 1974|
|Huddersfield War Memorial||1427679||Huddersfield, West Yorkshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Charles Nicholson||Cross and colonnade||1924||14 October 2015|
|Norwich War Memorial||1051857||Norwich, Norfolk||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Stone of Remembrance||1927||30 September 1983|
|Machine Gun Corps Memorial||1226874||Hyde Park Corner, City of Westminster, London||First World War||Francis Derwent Wood||Sculpture||1925||5 February 1970|
|Lewes High Street War Memorial||1191738||Lewes, East Sussex||First and Second World Wars||Vernon March||Sculpture||1924||29 October 1985|
|Busbridge War Memorial||1044531||Busbridge, Surrey||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cross||1922||1 February 1991|
|Bournemouth War Memorial||1418017||Bournemouth, Dorset||First and Second world Wars||Albert Edward Shervey||Memorial stone||1922||12 March 2014|
|Belgian Monument to the British Nation||1066168||Victoria Embankment, City of Westminster, London||First World War||Sir Reginald Blomfield||Sculpture||1920||5 February 1970|
|29th Division War Memorial||1034880||Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire||First World War||Robert Bridgeman and Sons||Obelisk||1921||25 August 1987|
|The Royal Berkshire Regiment Cenotaph||1321912||Reading, Berkshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cenotaph||1921||22 December 1975|
|Royal Naval Division War Memorial||1392454||Horseguards Parade, City of Westminster, London||First World War||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Obelisk and fountain||1925||6 March 2008|
|Southend-on-Sea War Memorial||1322329||Southend-on-Sea, Essex||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Obelisk||1921||23 August 1974|
|War memorial in churchyard of St Wulfram's Church, Grantham||1062502||Grantham, Lincolnshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Charles Nicholson, Bt||Cross||1920||20 April 1972|
|Exeter City War Memorial||1420669||Northernhay Gardens, Exeter, Devon||First and Second World Wars||John Angel||Sculpture||1923||8 September 2014|
|The Cavalry Memorial||1278118||Hyde Park Corner, City of Westminster, London||First World War||Adrian Jones||Sculpture||1924||1 December 1987|
|St George's Church Memorial Cross||1425375||Deal, Kent||First World War||Unknown||Cross||1916||11 March 2015|
|War memorial cloisters at Sedbergh School||1384218||Sedbergh, Cumbria||First and Second World Wars||Sir Hubert Worthington||Cloisters||1924||14 June 1984|
|Worksop War Memorial||1045751||Worksop, Nottinghamshire||First World War||A. H. Richardson||Cenotaph||1925||1 April 1985|
|York City War Memorial||1257512||York, North Yorkshire||First and Second World Wars||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Cross||1925||10 September 1970|
|Retford War Memorial||1392660||Retford, Nottinghamshire||First and Second World Wars||Leonard W Barnard||Cross||1921||23 July 2008|
|Lancashire Fusiliers War Memorial||1250814||Gallipoli Gardens, Bury, Greater Manchester||First World War||Sir Edwin Lutyens||Obelisk||1922||2 September 1992|
|Briantspuddle War Memorial||1171702||Briantspuddle, Dorset||First World War||Eric Gill||Obelisk||1918||2 October 1984|
|Stanway War Memorial||1154209||Stanway, Gloucestershire||First World War||Alexander Fisher||Bronze sculpture||1920||7 September 1987|
|Elveden War Memorial||1037610||Eriswell, Suffolk||First and Second World Wars||Clyde Francis Young||Corinthian column||1921||7 May 1954|
|Accrington War Memorial||1205791||Accrington, Lancashire||First World War||Sir Charles Herbert Reilly||Obelisk||1922||09 March 1984|
|Barnsley War Memorial||1151144||Barnsley, South Yorkshire||First and Second World Wars||William Thomas Curtis||Cenotaph||1925||13 January 1986|
|The City and County of London Troops War Memorial||1064714||Cornhill, London||First World War||Sir Aston Webb||Cenotaph||1920||5 June 1972|
|Boer War Memorial||1392586||Cannon Hill Park, Birmingham||Second Boer War||Albert Toft||Sculpture||1906||14 May 2008|
|Portsmouth War Memorial||1104318||Portsmouth, Hampshire||First World War||JS Gibson||1921||25 September 1972|
|War Memorial to the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars Yeomanry||1245906||Gloucester, Gloucestershire||First and Second World Wars||Cash and Wright||Cross||1922||15 December 1998|
|Sheffield War Memorial||1271299||Sheffield, South Yorkshire||First and Second World Wars||Charles Carus-Wilson||Flagstaff||1925||28 June 1973|
|The Rifle Brigade War Memorial||1288744||Grosvenor Gardens, Westminster, London||First and Second World Wars||John Tweed||Sculpture||1925||14 January 1970|
|Rawtenstall Cenotaph||1072780||Rawtenstall, Lancashire||First and Second World Wars||Louis Frederick Roslyn||Cenotaph||1929||30 November 1984|
|Royal Sussex Regiment Memorial, Eastbourne||1043677||Eastbourne, East Sussex||Boer War||Sir William Goscombe John||Statue||1906||17 May 1971|
|Rowntree Park Memorial Gates||1256477||York, North Yorkshire||Gates||Early 18th century||24 June 1983|
|Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial||1273903||The Mall, Westminster, Greater London||Boer War||Aston Webb and William Colton||Cenotaph||1910||31 October 2016|
|South Harting War Memorial||1438494||South Harting, West Sussex||First World War||Eric Gill||Cross||1920||11 October 2016|
|Oldham War Memorial||1210137||Oldham, Greater Manchester||First and Second World Wars||Thomas Taylor||Bronze sculpture||1923||23 January 1973|
|Colchester War Memorial||1391704||Colchester, Essex||First World War||Henry Charles Fehr||Bronze sculpture||1923||7 July 2006|
|National Submariners' War Memorial||1079109||London||First World War||Ryan Tenison||Bronze sculpture||1922||5 June 1972|
|West Derby War Memorial||1389376||Prescot, Liverpool, Merseyside||First World War||Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner||Bronze sculptures on pedestal||1922||15 August 2001|
|Blackmoor War Memorial||1174603||Blackmoor, Hampshire||First World War||Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Charles Wheeler||Cross||1922||15 August 2001|
|Lenton War Memorial||1246782||Lenton, Nottingham||First World War||Cross||1919||30 November 1995|
|Burnley War Memorial||1247303||Burnley, Lancashire||First World War||Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner||Cenotaph||1926||19 November 1997|
|Burton upon Trent War Memorial||1288788||Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire||First World War||Henry Charles Fehr||Bronze statue on plinth||1922||22 June 1979|
|Cumberland and Westmorland War Memorial||1291971||Carlisle, Cumbria||First and Second World Wars||Sir Robert Lorimer||Cenotaph||1927||11 April 1994|
|Bisham War Memorial||1117603||Bisham, Berkshire||First and Second World Wars||Eric Gill||Calvary||1919||22 September 1987|
|Watford Peace Memorial||1348116||Watford, Hertfordshire||First World War||Mary Pownall Bromet||Bronze sculptures||1928||7 January 1983|
|Royal Fusiliers War Memorial||1064638||High Holborn, London||First World War||Albert Toft||Bronze sculpture on plinth||1922||5 June 1972|
|Great Dunmow War Memorial||1438524||Great Dunmow, Essex||First World War||Basil Oliver and George Clausen||Obelisk||1921||14 October 2016|
|Croydon Cenotaph||1268438||Croydon, London||First and Second World Wars||James Burford and Paul Raphael Montford||Cenotaph||1921||19 November 1973|
|People of Dover war memorial||1406098||Dover, Kent||First World War||Richard Reginald Goulden||Bronze statue||1924||9 January 2012|
|Crompton War Memorial||1068100||Shaw and Crompton, Greater Manchester||First World War||Richard Reginald Goulden||Bronze Statue||1923||6 October 1987|
|Crich Stand (Sherwood Foresters Regimental Memorial)||1072594||Crich, Derbyshire||First World War||Lt-Col. Brewill||Tower||1923||15 October 1997|
|St Michael Cornhill War Memorial||1439646||Cornhill, London||First World War||Richard Reginald Goulden||Bronze statue||1920||1 December 2016|
|Hatfield War Memorial||1445906||Hatfield, Hertfordshire||First World War||Herbert Baker||Cross||1921||16 May 2017|
|Harrogate War Memorial||1446943||Harrogate, North Yorkshire||First World War||Gilbert Ledward and Ernest Prestwich||Cenotaph||1923||14 June 2017|
|Bury War Memorial||1444845||Bury, Greater Manchester||First World War||Sir Reginald Blomfield||Cross of Sacrifice||1924||7 April 2017|
|The King's Royal Rifle Corps War Memorial, Winchester||1447365||Winchester, Hampshire||First World War||John Tweed||Bronze sculpture||1920||27 July 2017|
|The Hampshire, Isle of Wight and Winchester War Memorial||1445852||Winchester, Hampshire||First World War||Herbert Baker||Cross||1921||16 May 2017|
|County of Kent War Memorial Cross||1446080||Canterbury, Kent||First World War||Herbert Baker||Cross||1921||16 May 2017|
|Edgar Mobbs War Memorial, Northampton||1447457||Northampton||First World War||Alfred Turner||Bronze Statue on plinth||1921||27 July 2017|
|Matlock Bath War Memorial||1451237||Matlock Bath, Derbyshire||First World War||James Beresford & Sons||Cenotaph with stone sculpture||1921||12 February 2018|
|Twickenham War Memorial||1445040||Twickenham, London||First World War||Mortimer John Brown||Bronze sculpture on plinth||1921||5 April 2017|
|Royal Air Force Memorial||1066171||City of Westminster, London||First and Second World Wars||Sir Reginald Blomfield||Bronze eagle on plinth||1923||23 March 2018|
|Bootle War Memorial||1283634||Bootle, Sefton, Merseyside||First and Second World Wars||Joseph Hermon Cawthra||Bronze statues on obelisk||1922||23 March 2018|
|Southwark War Memorial (St Saviours)||1378368||Southwark, London||First World War||Philip Lindsey Clark||Bronze statue on obelisk||1922||23 March 2018|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grade II* listed war memorials .|
The Tower Hill Memorial is a pair of Commonwealth War Graves Commission memorials in Trinity Square, on Tower Hill in London, England. The memorials, one for the First World War and one for the Second, commemorate civilian merchant sailors and fishermen who were killed as a result of enemy action and have no known grave. The first, the Mercantile Marine War Memorial, was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and unveiled in 1928; the second, the Merchant Seamen's Memorial, was designed by Sir Edward Maufe and unveiled in 1955. A third memorial, commemorating merchant sailors who were killed in the 1982 Falklands War, was added to the site in 2005.
Widnes is an industrial town in the Borough of Halton, Cheshire, England, on the north bank of the River Mersey where it narrows at Runcorn Gap. The town contains 23 buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. Of these, 5 are classified at Grade II*, and 18 at Grade II; Widnes has no Grade I listed buildings. In the United Kingdom, the term "listed building" refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical, or cultural significance. Listed buildings are categorised in three grades: Grade I consists of buildings of outstanding architectural or historical interest; Grade II* includes particularly significant buildings of more than local interest; Grade II consists of buildings of special architectural or historical interest. Buildings in England are listed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport on recommendations provided by English Heritage, which also determines the grading.
Manchester Cenotaph is a First World War memorial, with additions for later conflicts, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for St Peter's Square in Manchester, England. Manchester was late in commissioning a war memorial compared to most British towns and cities—the city council did not convene a war memorial committee until 1922. The committee quickly raised £10,000 but finding a suitable location for the monument proved controversial. The preferred site in Albert Square required the removal and relocation of several statues, and was opposed by the city's artistic community. The next choice was Piccadilly Gardens, an area ripe for development, but in the interests of expediency, the council chose St Peter's Square, although it already contained a stone cross commemorating the former St Peter's Church. Negotiations to move the cross were unsuccessful and the cenotaph was built with the cross in situ.
Southampton Cenotaph is a First World War memorial designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and located in Watts Park in Southampton, southern England. The memorial was the first of dozens by Lutyens to be built in permanent form and it influenced his later designs, including The Cenotaph on Whitehall in London. It is a tapering, multi-tiered pylon which culminates in a series of diminishing layers before terminating in a sarcophagus which features a recumbent figure of a soldier. In front is an altar-like Stone of Remembrance. The cenotaph contains multiple sculptural details including a prominent cross, the town's coat of arms, and two lions. The names of the dead are inscribed on three sides. Although similar in outline, Lutyens' later cenotaphs were much more austere and featured almost no sculpture. The design uses abstract, ecumenical features and lifts the recumbent soldier high above eye level, anonymising him.
The Rainham War Memorial commemorates soldiers killed in both World Wars as well as civilian casualties of World War II.
Rochdale Cenotaph is a First World War memorial on the Esplanade in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, in the north west of England. Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, it is one of seven memorials in England based on his Cenotaph on Whitehall in London and one of his more ambitious designs. The memorial was unveiled in 1922 and consists of a raised platform bearing Lutyens' characteristic Stone of Remembrance next to a 10-metre (33 ft) pylon topped by an effigy of a recumbent soldier. A set of painted stone flags surrounds the pylon.
The Midland Railway War Memorial is a First World War memorial in Derby in the East Midlands of England, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and unveiled in 1921. It commemorates employees of the Midland Railway who left to fight in the First World War and who died while serving in the armed forces. The Midland was one of the largest railway companies in Britain in the early 20th century, and the largest employer in Derby, where it had its headquarters. Around a third of the company's workforce left to fight and 2,833 were killed.
The Guards Memorial, also known as the Guards Division War Memorial, is an outdoor war memorial located on the west side of Horse Guards Road, opposite Horse Guards Parade in London, United Kingdom. It commemorates the war dead from the Guards Division and related units during the First World War, and of the Household Division in the Second World War and other conflicts since 1918.
The Gerrards Cross Memorial Building is a community centre and First World War memorial in the village of Gerrards Cross in Buckinghamshire, to north west of London, England. The building was designed by British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, known for designing the Cenotaph in London and numerous other war memorials; it is the only instance of Lutyens designing a war memorial with a functional purpose, rather than as a monument in its own right.
The South African War Memorial is a First World War memorial in Richmond Cemetery in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Designed by architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, the memorial is in the form of a cenotaph, similar to that on Whitehall, also by Lutyens. It was commissioned by the South African Hospital and Comforts Fund Committee to commemorate the 39 South African soldiers who died of their wounds at a military hospital in Richmond Park during the First World War. The memorial was unveiled by General Jan Smuts in 1921 and was the focus of pilgrimages from South Africa through the 1920s and 1930s, after which it was largely forgotten until the 1980s when the Commonwealth War Graves Commission took responsibility for its maintenance. It has been a grade II listed building since 2012.
There are 20 Grade I listed war memorials in England, out of over 3,000 listed war memorials. In the United Kingdom, a listed building is a building or structure of special historical or architectural importance; listing offers the building legal protection against demolition or modification, which requires permission from the local planning authority. Listed buildings are divided into three categories—grade I, grade II*, and grade II—which reflect the relative significance of the structure and may be a factor in planning decisions. Grade II accounts for 92% of listed buildings, while grade II* is an intermediate grade accounting for 5.5%; grade I holds the remaining 2.5% of listed buildings and is reserved for structures of exceptional significance. Grade I listed war memorials are deliberately very few, though several have been upgraded to grade I status as part of commemorations around the First World War centenary. A war memorial listed at grade I will be of exceptional interest for its design and artistic merit and will be of great historical interest. Such memorials are often the work of famous architects or sculptors, amongst the most prolific of whom was Sir Edwin Lutyens, whose memorials account for a third of all those listed at grade I. Lutyens designed dozens of war memorials across the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the Commonwealth, including the Cenotaph on Whitehall in London—the focus for the national Remembrance Sunday services—and the Arch of Remembrance in Leicester—the largest of Lutyens' war memorials in Britain; both are listed at grade I. As part of the commemorations of the centenary of the First World War, Historic England—the government body responsible for listing in England—is running a project with the aim of significantly increasing the number of war memorials on the National Heritage List for England.
Mells War Memorial is a First World War memorial by Sir Edwin Lutyens in the village of Mells in the Mendip Hills of Somerset, south-western England. Unveiled in 1921, the memorial is one of multiple buildings and structures Lutyens designed in Mells. His friendship with two prominent families in the area, the Horners and the Asquiths, led to a series of commissions; among his other works in the village are memorials to two sons—one from each family—killed in the war. Lutyens toured the village with local dignitaries in search of a suitable site for the war memorial, after which he was prompted to remark "all their young men were killed".
The York City War Memorial is a First World War memorial designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and located in York in the north of England. Proposals for commemorating York's war dead originated in 1919 but proved controversial. Initial discussions focused on whether a memorial should be a monument or should take on some utilitarian purpose. Several functional proposals were examined until a public meeting in January 1920 opted for a monument. The city engineer produced a cost estimate and the war memorial committee engaged Lutyens, who had recently been commissioned by the North Eastern Railway (NER) to design their own war memorial, also to be sited in York. Lutyens' first design was approved, but controversy enveloped proposals for both the city's and the NER's memorials. Members of the local community became concerned that the memorials as planned were not in keeping with York's existing architecture, especially as both were in close proximity to the ancient city walls, and that the NER's memorial would overshadow the city's. Continued public opposition forced the committee to abandon the proposed site in favour of one on Leeman Road, just outside the walls, and Lutyens submitted a new design of a War Cross and Stone of Remembrance to fit the location. This was scaled back to the cross alone due to lack of funds.
The North Eastern Railway War Memorial is a First World War memorial in York in northern England. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens to commemorate employees of the North Eastern Railway (NER) who left to fight in the First World War and were killed while serving. The NER board voted in early 1920 to allocate £20,000 for a memorial and commissioned Lutyens. The committee for the York City War Memorial followed suit and also appointed Lutyens, but both schemes became embroiled in controversy. Concerns were raised from within the community about the effect of the NER memorial on the city walls and its impact on the proposed scheme for the city's war memorial, given that the two memorials were planned to be 100 yards apart and the city's budget was a tenth of the NER's. The controversy was resolved after Lutyens modified his plans for the NER memorial to move it away from the walls and the city opted for a revised scheme on land just outside the walls; coincidentally the land was owned by the NER, whose board donated it to the city.
Busbridge War Memorial is a First World War memorial in the churchyard of St John's Church in village of Busbridge in Surrey, south-eastern England. Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, it is a grade II* listed building.
The Lancashire Fusiliers War Memorial is a First World War memorial dedicated to members of the Lancashire Fusiliers killed in that conflict. Outside the Fusilier Museum in Bury, Greater Manchester, in North West England, it was unveiled in 1922—on the seventh anniversary of the landing at Cape Helles, part of the Gallipoli Campaign in which the regiment suffered particularly heavy casualties. The memorial was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. Lutyens was commissioned in light of a family connection—his father and great uncle were officers in the Lancashire Fusiliers, a fact noted on a plaque nearby. He designed a tall, slender obelisk in Portland stone. The regiment's cap badge is carved near the top on the front and rear, surrounded by a laurel wreath. Further down are inscriptions containing the regiment's motto and a dedication. Two painted stone flags hang from the sides.
Runcorn War Memorial was built to commemorate the servicemen of Runcorn lost in active service in the First World War. It was unveiled in 1920, and the names of those lost in the Second World War and subsequently were added later. The memorial stands in a small garden by a road junction in Runcorn, Cheshire, England, and consists of a Latin cross in white granite on a plinth and steps. Behind the cross is a wall containing plaques with inscriptions and the names of those who died. An inscribed stone has been added later with the names of those lost in subsequent conflicts. The war memorial is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
Helsby War Memorial was built to commemorate the servicemen of Helsby lost in active service in the First World War. It was unveiled in 1920, and the names of those lost in the Second World War were added later. The memorial stands in the churchyard of St Paul's Church in Helsby, Cheshire, England, and consists of a Celtic cross in sandstone on a pedestal and steps. On the shaft of the cross is an inscription and on the pedestal are the names of those lost in the conflicts. The war memorial is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
Croydon Cenotaph is a war memorial, in Croydon, London, England. It is located outside Croydon Library, on Katharine Street in Croydon.
Oxford is a university city in south central England and the county town of Oxfordshire. With a population of approximately 155,000, it is the 52nd largest city in the United Kingdom, with one of the fastest growing populations in the UK, and it remains the most ethnically diverse area in Oxfordshire county. The city is 51 miles (82 km) from London, 61 miles (98 km) from Bristol, 59 miles (95 km) from Southampton, 57 miles (92 km) from Birmingham and 24 miles (39 km) from Reading.
Shire Books are published by Bloomsbury Publishing, a book publishing company based in London, England, and formerly by Shire Publications Ltd. and Osprey Publishing. Shire offers low priced, concise non-fiction paperbacks on a wide range of subjects. Shire books cover antiques and collectables, motoring and rural history, archaeology and Egyptology, architecture, industrial history and many other topics.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.