Truncated pentakis dodecahedron | |
---|---|

Conway notation | tkD |

Goldberg polyhedron | GP_{V}(3,0) or {5+,3}_{3,0} |

Fullerene | C_{180}^{ [1] } |

Faces | 92: 12 pentagons 20+60 hexagons |

Edges | 270 (2 types) |

Vertices | 180 (2 types) |

Vertex configuration | (60) 5.6.6 (120) 6.6.6 |

Symmetry group | Icosahedral (I_{h}) |

Dual polyhedron | Pentahexakis truncated icosahedron |

Properties | convex |

The **truncated pentakis dodecahedron** is a convex polyhedron constructed as a truncation of the pentakis dodecahedron. It is Goldberg polyhedron G_{V}(3,0), with pentagonal faces separated by an edge-direct distance of 3 steps.

It is in an infinite sequence of Goldberg polyhedra:

Index | GP(1,0) | GP(2,0) | GP(3,0) | GP(4,0) | GP(5,0) | GP(6,0) | GP(7,0) | GP(8,0)... |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Image | D | kD | tkD | |||||

Duals | I | cD | ktI |

In geometry, a **dodecahedron** or **duodecahedron** is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces. The most familiar dodecahedron is the regular dodecahedron with regular pentagons as faces, which is a Platonic solid. There are also three regular star dodecahedra, which are constructed as stellations of the convex form. All of these have icosahedral symmetry, order 120.

In geometry, the **rhombicuboctahedron**, or **small rhombicuboctahedron**, is an Archimedean solid with eight triangular and eighteen square faces. There are 24 identical vertices, with one triangle and three squares meeting at each one. The polyhedron has octahedral symmetry, like the cube and octahedron. Its dual is called the deltoidal icositetrahedron or trapezoidal icositetrahedron, although its faces are not really true trapezoids.

In geometry, the **rhombic dodecahedron** is a convex polyhedron with 12 congruent rhombic faces. It has 24 edges, and 14 vertices of 2 types. It is a Catalan solid, and the dual polyhedron of the cuboctahedron.

In geometry, a **pentakis dodecahedron** or **kisdodecahedron** is the polyhedron created by attaching a pentagonal pyramid to each face of a regular dodecahedron; that is, it is the Kleetope of the dodecahedron. It is a Catalan Solid, meaning that it is a dual of an Archimedean Solid, in this case, the Truncated Icosahedron.

In geometry, a **disdyakis dodecahedron**,, is a Catalan solid with 48 faces and the dual to the Archimedean truncated cuboctahedron. As such it is face-transitive but with irregular face polygons. It resembles an augmented rhombic dodecahedron. Replacing each face of the rhombic dodecahedron with a flat pyramid creates a polyhedron that looks almost like the disdyakis dodecahedron, and is topologically equivalent to it. More formally, the disdyakis dodecahedron is the Kleetope of the rhombic dodecahedron. The net of the rhombic dodecahedral pyramid also shares the same topology.

In geometry, the **small stellated dodecahedron** is a Kepler-Poinsot polyhedron, named by Arthur Cayley, and with Schläfli symbol {5⁄2,5}. It is one of four nonconvex regular polyhedra. It is composed of 12 pentagrammic faces, with five pentagrams meeting at each vertex.

In geometry, an **alternation** or *partial truncation*, is an operation on a polygon, polyhedron, tiling, or higher dimensional polytope that removes alternate vertices.

The **chamfered dodecahedron** is a convex polyhedron with 80 vertices, 120 edges, and 42 faces: 30 hexagons and 12 pentagons. It is constructed as a chamfer (edge-truncation) of a regular dodecahedron. The pentagons are reduced in size and new hexagonal faces are added in place of all the original edges. Its dual is the pentakis icosidodecahedron.

In geometry, **Conway polyhedron notation**, invented by John Horton Conway and promoted by George W. Hart, is used to describe polyhedra based on a seed polyhedron modified by various prefix operations.

A **regular dodecahedron** or **pentagonal dodecahedron** is a dodecahedron that is regular, which is composed of 12 regular pentagonal faces, three meeting at each vertex. It is one of the five Platonic solids. It has 12 faces, 20 vertices, 30 edges, and 160 diagonals. It is represented by the Schläfli symbol {5,3}.

In geometry, a *d*-dimensional **simple polytope** is a *d*-dimensional polytope each of whose vertices are adjacent to exactly *d* edges. The vertex figure of a simple *d*-polytope is a (*d* − 1)-simplex.

In *geometry* a **parallelohedron** is a polyhedron that can be translated without rotations in 3-dimensional Euclidean space to fill space with a honeycomb in which all copies of the polyhedron meet face-to-face. There are five types of parallelohedron, first identified by Evgraf Fedorov in 1885 in his studies of crystallographic systems: the cube, hexagonal prism, rhombic dodecahedron, elongated dodecahedron, and truncated octahedron.

In geometry and polyhedral combinatorics, the **Kleetope** of a polyhedron or higher-dimensional convex polytope *P* is another polyhedron or polytope *P ^{K}* formed by replacing each facet of

In mathematics, and more specifically in polyhedral combinatorics, a **Goldberg polyhedron** is a convex polyhedron made from hexagons and pentagons. They were first described in 1937 by Michael Goldberg (1902–1990). They are defined by three properties: each face is either a pentagon or hexagon, exactly three faces meet at each vertex, and they have rotational icosahedral symmetry. They are not necessarily mirror-symmetric; e.g. *GP*(5,3) and *GP*(3,5) are enantiomorphs of each other. A Goldberg polyhedron is a dual polyhedron of a geodesic sphere.

In geometry, **chamfering** or **edge-truncation** is a topological operator that modifies one polyhedron into another. It is similar to expansion, moving faces apart and outward, but also maintains the original vertices. For polyhedra, this operation adds a new hexagonal face in place of each original edge.

A **geodesic polyhedron** is a convex polyhedron made from triangles. They usually have icosahedral symmetry, such that they have 6 triangles at a vertex, except 12 vertices which have 5 triangles. They are the dual of corresponding Goldberg polyhedra with mostly hexagonal faces.

The **order-5 truncated pentagonal hexecontahedron** is a convex polyhedron with 72 faces: 60 hexagons and 12 pentagons triangular, with 210 edges, and 140 vertices. Its dual is the pentakis snub dodecahedron.

The **hexapentakis truncated icosahedron** is a convex polyhedron constructed as an augmented truncated icosahedron. It is geodesic polyhedron {3,5+}_{3,0}, with pentavalent vertices separated by an edge-direct distance of 3 steps.

The **Goldberg–Coxeter construction** or **Goldberg–Coxeter operation** is a graph operation defined on regular polyhedral graphs with degree 3 or 4. It also applies to the dual graph of these graphs, i.e. graphs with triangular or quadrilateral "faces". The GC construction can be thought of as subdividing the faces of a polyhedron with a lattice of triangular, square, or hexagonal polygons, possibly skewed with regards to the original face: it is an extension of concepts introduced by the Goldberg polyhedra and geodesic polyhedra. The GC construction is primarily studied in organic chemistry for its application to fullerenes, but it has been applied to nanoparticles, computer-aided design, basket weaving, and the general study of graph theory and polyhedra.

- Deza, A.; Deza, M.; Grishukhin, V. (1998), "Fullerenes and coordination polyhedra versus half-cube embeddings",
*Discrete Mathematics*,**192**(1): 41–80, doi: 10.1016/S0012-365X(98)00065-X , archived from the original on 2007-02-06. - Antoine Deza, Michel Deza, Viatcheslav Grishukhin,
*Fullerenes and coordination polyhedra versus half-cube embeddings*, 1998 PDF

- VTML polyhedral generator Try "tkD" (Conway polyhedron notation)

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Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.

Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.