The Tsimpsean Peninsula is a peninsula in the Range 5 Coast Land District on the North Coast of British Columbia, extending between Chatham Sound and Work Channel, and extending south to the Skeena River.
The name is that of the Tsimshian peoples, and was conferred in 1927 by the Geographic Names Board of Canada, who noted the variety of spellings then in use i.e. "Tsimshean, Timshian, Chimsain, Tsimpsian, Tsimp-Sheean, Chimsyan" before settling on this one.
Aberdeen Passage and Eleanor Passage separate the peninsula from Smith and De Horsey Islands, which are immediately south, and like other waters in the area are part of the Skeena estuary.
The Tsimpsean Peninsula is broken into two main ecosystems:
Coastal Lowlands are characterized by low topography, alternating bedrock and muskeg. Notable wildlife associated with this habitat includes Sandhill Cranes, Canada Geese, Wilson's snipe, Sitka Deer, Wolf, and Black Bear.
Central Highlands consist of rugged mountains covered by montane vegetation and temperate rainforest. Notable wildlife associated with this habitat includes Deer, bald eagle, grouse, squirrel and marten.
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The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central and northern California, United States. They form a ridge down the San Francisco Peninsula, south of San Francisco. They separate the Pacific Ocean from the San Francisco Bay and the Santa Clara Valley, and continue south to the Central Coast, bordering Monterey Bay and ending at the Salinas Valley. The range passes through the counties of San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Benito and Monterey, with the Pajaro River forming the southern boundary.
The Skeena River is the second-longest river entirely within British Columbia, Canada. Since ancient times, the Skeena has been an important transportation artery, particularly for the Tsimshian and the Gitxsan—whose names mean "inside the Skeena River" and "people of the Skeena River," respectively. The river and its basin sustain a wide variety of fish, wildlife, and vegetation; and communities native to the area depend on the health of the river. The Tsimshian migrated to the Lower Skeena River, and the Gitxsan occupy territory of the Upper Skeena.
Wildlife crossings are structures that allow animals to cross human-made barriers safely. Wildlife crossings may include underpass tunnels or wildlife tunnels, viaducts, and overpasses or green bridges ; amphibian tunnels; fish ladders; canopy bridges ; tunnels and culverts ; and green roofs.
Kaien Island is a Canadian island on the coast of British Columbia, just north of the mouth of the Skeena River and to the south of the Alaska Panhandle. The island has an area of about 45 square kilometres, is roughly oval, and about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) long along its long axis. The island consists of a central mountain ridge, surrounded by coastal lowlands, the dominant central peak is Mount Hays reaching 708 metres (2,323 ft), with a secondary peak, Mount Olfield reaching 555 metres (1,821 ft) to the northeast.
Khutzeymateen Inlet is one of the lesser principal inlets of the British Columbia Coast. It is important in being part of the first area in Canada protected to preserve grizzly bears and their habitat via the Khutzeymateen/K’tzim-a-deen Grizzly Sanctuary. The inlet and the park-sanctuary surrounding it are between the mouths of the Skeena and Nass Rivers; the Khutzeymateen is the next inlet north from Work Channel, which is the north side of the Tsimpsean Peninsula of "Greater Prince Rupert". The inlet's mouth opens onto an arm of Portland Inlet, Steamer Passage, which lies next to Sommerville Island. The entrance to Khutzeymateen Inlet is between Keemein Point and Welgeegenk Point. The closest community is Lax Kw'alaams, formerly Port Simpson.
The Firth of Lorn or Lorne is the inlet of the sea between the south-east coast of the Isle of Mull and the mainland of Scotland. It includes a number of islands, and is noted for the variety of wildlife habitats that are found. In 2005, a large part of the Firth became a Special Area of Conservation.
Kitson Island Marine Provincial Park is a provincial park protecting all 45 hectares of Kitson Island and Kitson Islet. The park is located within the asserted traditional territory of the Tsimshian and Metlakatla First Nation, at the mouth of the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada.
The Ottawa Islands are a group of currently uninhabited islands situated in the eastern edge of Canada's Hudson Bay. The group comprises 24 small islands, located at approximately 60N 80W. The main islands include Booth Island, Bronson Island, Eddy Island, Gilmour Island, J. Gordon Island, Pattee Island, and Perley Island. The highest point is on Gilmour Island, which rises to over 1,800 ft (550 m). Located a short distance off the northwest coast of Quebec's Ungava Peninsula, they, like the other coastal islands in Hudson Bay, were historically part of the Northwest Territories, and became Crown Land upon the creation of Nunavut in 1999. Nunavik Inuit have occupied these islands since time immemorial and gained constitutionally-protected harvest and access rights under the Nunavik Inuit Land Claim Agreement signed in 2007.
Fort Simpson was a fur trading post established in 1831 by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) near the mouth of the Nass River in present-day British Columbia, Canada. In 1834, it was moved to the Tsimpsean Peninsula, about halfway between the Nass River and the Skeena River, and was later referred to as Port Simpson or as the native name Lax Kw'alaams. The fort was part of the HBC's Columbia Department.
Chatham Sound is a sound on the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada, bordering on Alaska, United States. It is located between the Dundas and Stephens Islands and the Tsimpsean Peninsula, it is part of the Inside Passage and extends from Portland Inlet in the north to Porcher Island in the south.
The Central Pacific coastal forests is a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion located in the Canadian province of British Columbia and the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) categorization system.
The Southern Great Lakes lowland forests is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregion of North America, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund. Located near the Great Lakes, it lies mostly in the central northeastern United States and extends into southeast central Canada. In modern times, little of it remains intact due to land use, including agriculture and urban uses.
Marcus Passage is a stretch of saltwater on the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, offshore from the mouth of the Skeena River, south and west of Smith Island. Marcus Passage connects Chatham Sound with Telegraph Passage. The south side of Marcus Passage is defined by an extensive drying bank called Base Sand.
Smith Island is an island just north of the mouth of the Skeena River in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. To the south of the island is Marcus Passage. To the north is Inverness Passage, separating Smith Island from the Tsimpsean Peninsula. Eleanor Passage, connects Osborn Point, the most eastern point on the island, with the mouth of the Skeena River. De Horsey Passage separates De Horsey Island from Smith Island on the latter's east side. Croasdaile Island is to the south of the southern tip of Smith Island.
Kshaoom Indian Reserve No. 23, officially Kshaoom 23, 2.3 hectares in size, is an Indian reserve on the northwest tip of De Horsey Island, which is immediately south of the Tsimpsean Peninsula at the mouth of the Skeena River in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It and Dashken Indian Reserve No. 22, across De Horsey Passage on the east tip of Smith Island, are shared between the Metlakatla and Lax Kw'alaams band governments.
De Horsey Island is an island at the mouth of the Skeena River in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, located immediately south of the southern tip of the Tsimpsean Peninsula and immediately east of Smith Island. Separating it from that island is De Horsey Passage, while to its north separating it from the Tsimpsean Peninsula is Eleanor Passage. Kshaoom Indian Reserve No. 23 is on its northwest tip.
For a small country, Albania is characterised by a considerable wealth of terrestrial and marine ecosystems and habitats with contrasting floral and faunal species, defined in an area of 28,748 square kilometres. Most of the country is predominantly of Mediterranean character, comprehending the country's center and south, while the alpine affinity is more visible in the northeast.
Flora Bank is a bank in British Columbia, Canada, located at the edge of Chatham Sound, between Lelu and Kitson Islands at the north entrance to Inverness Passage, south of Prince Rupert. The bank was named after Miss Flora MacDonald, daughter of the manager of Inverness Cannery.
The McNeil River is a tributary of the Skeena River in the North Coast Regional District of the province of British Columbia, Canada. It originates at Minerva Lake in the Kitimat Ranges of the Coast Mountains, and flows south about 13 km (8.1 mi) to the lower tidal reach of the Skeena River at Tyee Bank, across the Skeena from Port Essington, about 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Prince Rupert, 95 km (59 mi) southwest of Terrace, and 88 km (55 mi) northwest of Kitimat. Its watershed covers 41.4 km2 (16.0 sq mi), and its mean annual discharge is 4.07 m3/s (144 cu ft/s).