SS Utacarbon on trials ca. 25 March 1920. She would serve as USS Yucca in 1945–1946.
|Builder:||Bethlehem Steel Company, Alameda, California|
|Commissioned:||9 July 1945|
|Decommissioned:||19 February 1946|
|Renamed:||9 March 1945|
|Struck:||12 March 1946|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 24 January 1947|
|Notes:||Built as commercial tanker SS Utacarbon|
|Length:||453 ft (138 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft (17 m)|
The second USS Yucca (IX-214) was a tanker that served in the United States Navy from 1945 to 1946.
A tanker is a ship designed to transport or store liquids or gases in bulk. Major types of tankship include the oil tanker, the chemical tanker, and gas carrier. Tankers also carry commodities such as vegetable oils, molasses and wine. In the United States Navy and Military Sealift Command, a tanker used to refuel other ships is called an oiler but many other navies use the terms tanker and replenishment tanker.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.
Yucca was constructed in 1920 by the Bethlehem Steel Company at Alameda, California, as the commercial tanker SS Utacarbon. The U.S. Navy acquired her from the War Shipping Administration for World War II service in February 1945, renamed her Yucca on 9 March 1945, converted her to naval use at San Francisco, California, and placed her in commission as USS Yucca (IX-214) on 9 July 1945.
Alameda is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It is located on Alameda Island and Bay Farm Island, and is adjacent to and south of Oakland and east of San Francisco across the San Francisco Bay. Bay Farm Island, a portion of which is also known as "Harbor Bay Isle", is not actually an island, and is part of the mainland adjacent to the Oakland International Airport. The city's estimated 2017 population was 79,928. Alameda is a charter city, rather than a general law city, allowing the city to provide for any form of government. Alameda became a charter city and adopted a council–manager government in 1916, which it retains to the present.
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World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Yucca arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in late August 1945, just after the end of World War II, and departed that port on her way to duty in the Central Pacific on 3 September 1945. She stopped at Ulithi Atoll in the western Caroline Islands on 22 September 1945 but continued her voyage that same day, arriving at Buckner Bay, Okinawa, on 29 September 1945. She arrived in Nagoya, Japan on 6 October 1945, but returned to the Ryukyu Islands later that month.
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On 11 November 1945, the tanker began her voyage back to the United States. Steaming via Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands and Pearl Harbor, she arrived in the Panama Canal Zone on 6 January 1946, transited the Panama Canal, and departed the canal's eastern terminus on 8 January 1946. She arrived in Mobile, Alabama, on 15 January 1946 and changed operational control to the Commandant, 8th Naval District, for inactivation preparations.
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The Panama Canal Zone was an unincorporated territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979, centered on the Panama Canal and surrounded by the Republic of Panama. The zone consisted of the canal and an area generally extending five miles (8.0 km) on each side of the centerline, excluding Panama City and Colón, which otherwise would have been partly within the limits of the Zone. Its border spanned three of Panama's provinces. When reservoirs were created to assure a steady supply of water for the locks, those lakes were included within the Zone.
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Yucca was decommissioned at Mobile on 19 February 1946 and returned to the War Shipping Administration for disposal. Her name was struck from the Navy List on 12 March 1946, and she was sold on 24 January 1947 to the Pinto Island Metals Company for scrapping.
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The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.
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