Udayar (caste)

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Udayar or Parkavakulam
Religions Hinduism
Languages Tamil
Populated states Tamil Nadu
Related groups Tamil people

The Udayar caste or Parkavakulam is found in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. [1]



Udayar are mostly cultivators, landlords also known as palayakkarars and head of Kavalgars. The main sub-divisions of the community are Malaimannar, Moopanar, Nainar, Nathamannar and Shruthimannar. [2]

The royal family of Vettavalam Vanadhirayars belongs to Parkkavakulam community, their origin traced from Tirukkoilur Malayaman Tirumudi kari, their relationship with nearby palayakkarars named as Kongarayapalayam Kongarayar, Mangaloor Soora Pandarathar, Kattumayilur Vengai Pandarathar, Kurumbur Veera samburaya Nayinar, They all are belongs to Parkkavakulam community.


The community forms a sizeable population in the areas of Pudukottai,Thuraiyur,Perambalur,Karur, Trichy, Ariyalur, Salem, Theni, Attur, Rasipuram, Namakkal, Tanjavur, Pattukkottai, Mannargudi, Kumbakonam, Thiruvannamalai, Ramanathapuram, Chennai, Sivagangai, Villupuram,Madurai, Mayiladuthurai, Cuddalore, Puducherry and Bangalore.


Nainaar are mostly Jains residing in North and Central Tamil Nadu. Malaimannar, Moopanar, Nathamannar and Shruthimannar follow either Shaivism(majors) or Vaishnavism. Some Udayars are Roman Catholic Christians.

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  1. Raj, Selva J. (2002). "Transgressing Boundaries, Transcending Turner: The Pilgrimage Tradition at the Shrine of St. John de Britto". In Raj, Selva J.; Dempsey, Corinne G. (eds.). Popular Christianity in India: Riting Between the Lines. SUNY Press. p. 86. ISBN   9780791455197 . Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  2. Raj, Selva J. (2002). "Transgressing Boundaries, Transcending Turner: The Pilgrimage Tradition at the Shrine of St. John de Britto". In Raj, Selva J.; Dempsey, Corinne G. (eds.). Popular Christianity in India: Riting Between the Lines. SUNY Press. p. 86. ISBN   9780791455197 . Retrieved 1 May 2012.

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