|Udayar or Parkavakulam|
|Populated states||Tamil Nadu|
|Related groups||Tamil people|
The Udayar, also called Parkavakulam, is a caste found in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
This caste further divided into 3 sub castes, there are malayaman, nathaman, suruthiman. Among them malayaman are veg eaters and using udaiyar title. Nathaman using udaiyar and also nainar title. Suruthiman using moopanar as title.
The word Udayar in Tamil means Lord or Possessor as in Possessor of land or kingdom.[ citation needed ]
Udaiyars are landlords, cultivators and having huge agricultural lands. They are big landlords in those villages they living. They are socially high caste. Together with saiva-vellalar udaiyars too socially higher caste. Malayaman udaiyars are veg-eaters.
In Ramnad and the nearby areas of Pudukottai, Madurai, Salem, Namakkal, Tanjore and Trichy, they and their two fellow Maravar caste groups are prominent in their cult worship of the shrine at Oriyur that commemorates John de Britto, a 17th-century Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr. Raj says, "A notable feature of the Britto cult is that it is centered around caste identities rather than religious affiliation", and thus members of the caste-group, irrespective of their religious affiliation regard Britto as their clan-deity.
Some Udayars are Roman Catholic Christians.
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The Billava, Billoru, Biruveru people are an ethnic group of India. They are found traditionally in coastal Karnataka and engaged in toddy tapping, cultivation and other activities. They have used both missionary education and Sri Narayana Guru's reform movement to upgrade themselves.
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Sri Lankan Vellalar is a caste found in Sri Lanka, who comprise about half of the Sri Lankan Tamil population. They were traditionally involved in agriculture, but also included merchants, landowners and temple patrons. They also form part of the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora.
Orur is a small village located in Tiruvadanai taluk, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is situated 35 km from Devakottai, Sivagangai. As of the 2011 Census of India, the village had a population of 5,065 across 1,171 households. There were 2,470 males and 2,595 females.
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