Udayar (caste)

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Udayar or Parkavakulam
Religions Hinduism, Christianity
Languages Tamil
Populated states Tamil Nadu
Related groups Tamil people

The Udayar, also called Parkavakulam, is a caste found in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.


This caste further divided into 3 sub castes, there are malayaman, nathaman, suruthiman. Among them malayaman are veg eaters and using udaiyar title. Nathaman using udaiyar and also nainar title. Suruthiman using moopanar as title.


The word Udayar in Tamil means Lord or Possessor as in Possessor of land or kingdom.[ citation needed ]

Udaiyars are landlords, cultivators and having huge agricultural lands. They are big landlords in those villages they living. They are socially high caste. Together with saiva-vellalar udaiyars too socially higher caste. Malayaman udaiyars are veg-eaters.

Notable persons


In Ramnad and the nearby areas of Pudukottai, Madurai, Salem, Namakkal, Tanjore and Trichy, they and their two fellow Maravar caste groups are prominent in their cult worship of the shrine at Oriyur that commemorates John de Britto, a 17th-century Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr. Raj says, "A notable feature of the Britto cult is that it is centered around caste identities rather than religious affiliation", and thus members of the caste-group, irrespective of their religious affiliation regard Britto as their clan-deity. [1]

Some Udayars are Roman Catholic Christians. [2] [1]

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  1. 1 2 Raj, Selva J. (2002). "Transgressing Boundaries, Transcending Turner: The Pilgrimage Tradition at the Shrine of St. John de Britto". In Raj, Selva J.; Dempsey, Corinne G. (eds.). Popular Christianity in India: Riting Between the Lines. SUNY Press. p. 87. ISBN   978-0-79145-519-7.
  2. Palanithurai, Ganapathy; Ragupathy, Varadarajan (2008). Communities Panchayats and Governance at Grassroots. Concept Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN   9788180695636 . Retrieved 1 May 2012.

Further reading