Umburatiba

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Location of Umburatiba in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil MinasGerais Municip Umburatiba.svg
Location of Umburatiba in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Umburatiba is a Brazilian municipality located in the north-east of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2007 was 2,776 living in a total area of 405 km². The city belongs to the statistical mesoregion of Vale do Mucuri and to the statistical microregion of Nanuque. It became a municipality in 1962. [1]

Minas Gerais State of Brazil

Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte, is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil, after the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasilia and Fortaleza, but its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5,500,000 inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state.

Nanuque Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Nanuque is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, in the southeastern region of Brazil, belonging to Mucuri Valley and Region Nanuque. The relief consists of inselbergs and seas of hills, and the Serra dos Aimorés as predominant characteristic. Considered the 79th most populous city in the state, the 2nd Northeast 1st miner and its region, with 40,834 inhabitants according to the 2010 census. According to DENATRAN its fleet is 17,782 motor vehicles. As a regional hub ten municipalities, their total area 116,545 inhabitants and a total area of 8471.872 km ². Nanuque, cut the highway Ox (BR-418), reference is to be en route to the northern coast of Espirito Santo state by state highway LMG-719 and the southern coast of Bahia state by the then federal highway BR-418, of which is 605 km to the northeast of the state capital Belo Horizonte and 1257 km east of the federal capital Brasília.

Umburatiba is located at an elevation of 238 meters on the state boundary with Bahia. The nearest major population center is Nanuque.

Bahia State of Brazil

Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the 4th-largest Brazilian state by population and the 5th-largest by area. Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador, located on a spit of land separating the Bay of All Saints from the Atlantic. Once a monarchial stronghold dominated by agricultural, slaving, and ranching interests, Bahia is now a major manufacturing center whose last three elections have been dominated by the Workers' Party.

The distance to Nanuque is 100 km; and the distance to the state capital, Belo Horizonte, is 673 km. Neighboring municipalities are: Machacalis, Bertópolis, Carlos Chagas, Itanhém (Bahia), and Medeiros Neto (Bahia). [2]

Belo Horizonte Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Belo Horizonte is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, ranked as the third most populous metropolitan area in Brazil and the seventeenth most populous in the Americas. Belo Horizonte is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil's second most populous state. It is the first planned modern city in Brazil.

Machacalis Brazilian municipality located in the northeast of the state of Minas Gerais

Machacalis is a Brazilian municipality located in the northeast of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2007 was 6,855 living in a total area of 329 km². The city belongs to the statistical mesoregion of Vale do Mucuri and to the statistical microregion of Nanuque. It became a municipality in 1954.

Bertópolis municipality in the northeast of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais

Bertópolis is a municipality in the northeast of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. As of 2007 the population was 4,588 in a total area of 426 km². The elevation is 278 meters. It became a municipality in 1962. The postal code (CEP) is 39875-000.

The main economic activities are services, small industries, and subsistence agriculture. The GDP in 2005 was R$12 million, with 7 million from services, 1 million from industry, and 4 million from agriculture. There were 97 rural producers on 65,000 hectares of land. Only 9 farms had tractors (2006). 300 persons were dependent on agriculture. The main crops were coconuts, sugarcane, beans, and corn. There were 29,000 head of cattle (2006). There were no banks (2007) and 60 automobiles (74 motorcycles), giving a ratio of 45 inhabitants per automobile. [3]

Subsistence agriculture self-sufficiency farming

Subsistence agriculture occurs when farmers grow food crops to feed themselves and their families. In subsistence agriculture, farm output is targeted to survival and is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus trade. The typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the family to feed and clothe themselves during the year. Planting decisions are made principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year, and secondarily toward market prices. Tony Waters writes: "Subsistence peasants are people who grow what they eat, build their own houses, and live without regularly making purchases in the marketplace."

The social indicators rank it in the bottom tier of municipalities in the state.

Human Development Index composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GNI (PPP) per capita is higher. It was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, with help from Gustav Ranis of Yale University and Meghnad Desai of the London School of Economics, and was further used to measure a country's development by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP)'s Human Development Report Office.

The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country--0,467--putting it in last place. [6]

Poços de Caldas Place in Southeast, Brazil

Poços de Caldas is a municipality in southwestern Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in the microregion of the same name. Its estimated population in 2009 was 151,449 inhabitants. The city has hot springs.

Setubinha Place in Southeast, Brazil

Setubinha is a municipality in the northeast of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. As of 2007 the population was 10,834 in a total area of 536 km². The elevation is 729 metres. It is part of the IBGE statistical microregion of Teófilo Otoni

São Caetano do Sul Municipality in Southeast Brazil, Brazil

São Caetano do Sul is a city in São Paulo state in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. The population is 158,024 in an area of 15.33 km². It is the city with the highest per capita income in Brazil and it also has the highest Human Development Index.

There were 4 health clinics (2 specialized) (2006). Patients with more serious health conditions are transported to Nanuque. Educational needs were met by 3 primary schools, 1 middle school, and 2 pre-primary schools. [7]

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References

  1. IBGE
  2. Citybrazil
  3. IBGE
  4. Frigoletto
  5. Indicadores sociais
  6. Frigoletto
  7. IBGE

See also

Coordinates: 17°15′21″S40°34′22″W / 17.25583°S 40.57278°W / -17.25583; -40.57278