This article relies largely or entirely on a single source .(December 2015)
|Chairman||U Khat Htein Nan|
|Founded||2 August 2010|
|Headquarters||238B, Pyidaungsu Road, Yuzana Ward, Myitkyina, Kachin State, Myanmar|
|Ideology|| Kachin interests|
|Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw|
0 / 224
|Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw|
0 / 440
|Seats in the Kachin State Hluttaw|
1 / 53
The Unity and Democracy Party of Kachin State (UDPKS) is a political party in Myanmar seeking to represent the interests of the Kachin people.It was founded on 2 August 2010 and is one of the few ethnic minority parties to have formed an alliance with the Union Solidarity and Development Party, a move which has damaged the party's legitimacy amongst some Kachin people. The party currently had two representatives in the Union Hluttaw (2010-2015), Daw Doi Bu and U Hkyet Hting Nan, representing the Injanyang constituency and Myitkyina Constituency. Since April 2018, the UDPKS is in the merging process of becoming one Kachin Party, Kachin State Party, with Kachin State Democracy Party, Kachin Democratic Party and Kachin National Congress through the support from civil society organizations in Kachin State.
Myanmar operates de jure as a unitary assembly-independent republic under its 2008 constitution. On 1 February 2021, Myanmar's military took over the government in a coup. Anti-coup protests are ongoing as of 24 February 2021.
Kachin State is the northernmost state of Myanmar. It is bordered by China to the north and east ; Shan State to the south; and Sagaing Region and India to the west. It lies between north latitude 23° 27' and 28° 25' longitude 96° 0' and 98° 44'. The area of Kachin State is 89,041 km2 (34,379 sq mi). The capital of the state is Myitkyina. Other important towns include Bhamo, Mohnyin and Putao.
Shan State, commonly known by its native name Muang Tai, as well as Shanland is a state of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Shan State borders China (Yunnan) to the north, Laos to the east, and Thailand to the south, and five administrative divisions of Burma (Myanmar) in the west. The largest of the 14 administrative divisions by land area, Shan State covers 155,800 km2, almost a quarter of the total area of Burma. The state gets its name from Burmese name for the Tai people: "Shan people". The Shan constitute the majority among several ethnic groups that inhabit the area. Shanland is largely rural, with only three cities of significant size: Lashio, Kengtung, and the capital, Taunggyi. Taunggyi is 150.7 km northeast of the nation's capital Naypyitaw.
Myanmar is a unitary republic, with elected representatives at the national and, state or region levels. On the national level, the head of state, the President, is elected indirectly through an Electoral College. According to the 2008 constitution, the term durations of the legislature, the President, and the Cabinet are five years. All elections are regulated by the Union Election Commission.
The National Unity Party (NUP) is a political party in Myanmar (Burma). It is the immediate successor of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), which ruled the country from 1962 to 1988. The party's headquarters are in Bahan Township, Yangon.
Insurgencies have been ongoing in Myanmar since 1948, the year the country, then known as Burma, gained independence from the United Kingdom. The conflict has largely been ethnic-based, with several ethnic armed groups fighting Myanmar's armed forces, the Tatmadaw, for self-determination. Despite numerous ceasefires and the creation of autonomous self-administered zones in 2008, many groups continue to call for independence, increased autonomy, or the federalisation of the country. The conflict is the world's longest ongoing civil war, having spanned more than seven decades.
General elections were held in Myanmar on 7 November 2010, in accordance with the new constitution, which was approved in a referendum held in May 2008. The election date was announced by the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) on 13 August.
The Shan Nationalities League for Democracy is a political party in Myanmar (Burma). The party was established on 26 October 1988, and campaigns for the interests of the Shan people. The SNLD became the largest Shan party in the Assembly of the Union following the 2015 general election. The party is a federal party having local branches in most townships in Shan State and few in other states and regions such as Kayah, Kachin, and Mandalay.
The 2012 Myanmar by-elections were held on 1 April 2012. The elections were held to fill 48 vacant parliamentary seats. Three of those remained vacant as polling in three Kachin constituencies was postponed. There was no plan to fill the additional five seats cancelled in the 2010 election and one seat vacated after the decease of a RNDP member.
The Kokang Democracy and Unity Party (KDUP), known locally as the Lashio Dragons or the Great Lashio, is a political party in Myanmar (Burma) representing the interests of the Kokang Chinese and the administration in the Kokang Self-Administered Zone.
General elections were held in Myanmar on 8 November 2015, with the National League for Democracy winning a supermajority of seats in the combined national parliament. Voting occurred in all constituencies, excluding seats appointed by the military, to select Members of Assembly to seats in both the upper house and the lower house of the Assembly of the Union, and State and Region Hluttaws. Ethnic Affairs Ministers were also elected by their designated electorates on the same day, although only select ethnic minorities in particular states and regions were entitled to vote for them.
Ohn Myint was the Burmese Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development from 2011 to 2016. From March 2011 to August 2012, he concurrently served as the Minister of Cooperatives, until he vacated the post in September after a reshuffle of President Thein Sein's cabinet.
La John Ngan Hsai was the Chief Minister of Kachin State, Myanmar from 2011 to 2016. He is an ethnic Kachin businessman.
Khin Maung Oo was the Chief Minister of Kayah State, Myanmar from 2011 to 2016.
The Kachin State Democracy Party was a minor political party in Myanmar (Burma). It was founded in 2013 by the former Vice President of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO), Dr. Manam Tu Ja, who led the official KIO delegation that participated in the military sponsored National Convention; which resulted in the drafting of the 2008 constitution.
An Ethnic Affairs Minister is a representative elected by an ethnic minority in a given state or region of Myanmar if that division is composed of an ethnic minority population of 0.1 percent or greater of the total populace [roughly 51,400 people]. If one of the country's ethnic minorities counts their state of residence as its namesake, however, it is not granted an ethnic affairs minister. Only voters who share an ethnic identity with a given ethnic affairs minister post are allowed to vote for candidates to the position.
The United Nationalities League for Democracy was a political alliance in Myanmar.
J Yaw Wu is a Burmese politician who is an Amyotha Hluttaw MP for Kachin State No. 1 constituency. He is a member of the National Unity Party.