Wave (brig)

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History
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Name: Wave
Launched: 1838
Struck: Sank 5 July 1848
General characteristics
Class and type: Brig
Tons burthen: 103 tons

Wave was a brig that was wrecked in 1848 at Cheynes Beach near Cape Riche, Western Australia.

Brig sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts

A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts. During the Age of Sail, brigs were seen as fast and maneuverable and were used as both naval warships and merchant vessels. They were especially popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Brigs fell out of use with the arrival of the steam ship because they required a relatively large crew for their small size and were difficult to sail into the wind. Their rigging differs from that of a brigantine which has a gaff-rigged mainsail, while a brig has a square mainsail with an additional gaff-rigged spanker behind the mainsail.

Cape Riche, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Cape Riche is a cape and rural locality in the Great Southern region of Western Australia. By road, it is 525 km south-east of Perth and 123 km north-east of Albany

Built in 1838 [1] in Victoria, Bermuda, the vessel was constructed from wood and copper sheathed. It had a square stern, single deck, no galleries and a billet head. The vessel was acquired by R. Brown in 1847 and was registered in London. It was then acquired in 1848 by William Younghusband and Company of Adelaide and registered there. [2]

Bermuda British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean

Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km (768 mi) south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,759 km (1,093 mi) northeast of Cuba. The capital city is Hamilton. Bermuda is self-governing, with its own constitution and government and a Parliament which makes local laws. The United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations. As of July 2018, its population is 71,176, the highest of the British overseas territories.

Copper Chemical element with atomic number 29

Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins, and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement.

The vessel was in command of James C. Coke [3] and was transporting cargo from Adelaide to Shanghai via Albany and Singapore. [1] The brig left Adelaide on 5 June 1848 loaded mostly with flour and was en route to Albany to load a shipment of sandalwood. [2]

Shanghai Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People's Republic of China, the largest city in China by population, and the largest city proper in the world, with a population of 26.3 million as of 2019. It is a global financial center and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the Eastern China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the south, east and west, and is bound to the east by the East China Sea.

Albany, Western Australia City in Western Australia

Albany is a port city in the Great Southern region in the Australian state of Western Australia, 418 km southeast of Perth, the state capital. Albany is the oldest colonial settlement in Western Australia, predating Perth and Fremantle by over two years.

Singapore Republic in Southeast Asia

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.

On 5 July 1848, [4] the vessel was anchored at Cheyne Bay near Cape Riche when it was blown ashore by a heavy gale. Champion and Arpenteur were dispatched from King George Sound [5] to assist. Champion managed to pull Wave offshore but Wave was leaking badly and foundered then sunk. [2]

The Arpenteur was a brig owned by William Owen and John Ridley. It was wrecked at Hassell Beach in Cheyne Bay near Cape Riche when a gale ran it ashore 7 November 1849.

Champion then salvaged some of the cargo and then transported the crew, minus the captain, back to Albany. Captain Coke sailed to Adelaide aboard HMS Acheron, commanded by Captain John Lort Stokes.

HMS <i>Acheron</i> (1838)

HMS Acheron was a Hermes-class wooden paddle sloop of the Royal Navy. She was launched at Sheerness in 1838. Between 1848 and 1851 she made a coastal survey of New Zealand, the first such survey since Captain Cook. She was sold at Sydney in 1855.

John Lort Stokes Welsh officer of the British Royal Navy, sailed with Charles Darwin

Admiral John Lort Stokes, RN was an officer in the Royal Navy who travelled on HMS Beagle for close to eighteen years.

The owners of Arpenteur acquired the wreck of Wave and that cargo not already salvaged for £330. Arpenteur sailed for Fremantle with 27 tons of flour, 1,000 bushels of wheat, the rigging and sails that the crew had salvaged from Wave. [2]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Shipwrecks of the southern coast" (PDF). Western Australian Museum . Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Wave (1848/07/05) Cheynes Beach, Cape Riche". Shipwreck database. Western Australian Museum . Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  3. Peter Larson (2008). "Shipwreck: Wave 103 tons". Ozships.
  4. "Ships' Mails". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. 21 August 1848. p. 2.
  5. ""Wreck of the Schooner "Wave."". The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News . WA. 22 July 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 5 January 2016 via National Library of Australia.

Coordinates: 34°35′40″S118°45′06″E / 34.5945°S 118.7516°E / -34.5945; 118.7516