William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel

Last updated

William d'Aubigny
Earl of Lincoln
Earl of Arundel
Died12 Oct 1176
Buried Wymondham Abbey
Spouse(s) Queen Adeliza
Issue
William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel
Reynor d'Aubigny
Henry d'Aubigny
Geoffrey d'Aubigny
Alice d'Aubigny
Olivia d'Aubigny
Agatha d'Aubigny
Father William d'Aubigny
MotherMaud Bigod
OccupationMaster butler of the Royal household

William d'Aubigny (c. 1109 12 October 1176[ citation needed ]), also known as William d'Albini, William de Albini and William de Albini II, [1] was an English nobleman. He was son of William d'Aubigny "Pincerna" [lower-alpha 1] and Maud Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigod of Norfolk.

Contents

William fought loyally for King Stephen of England, who created him first Earl of Arundel (more precisely, Earl of Sussex) (c. 1138 [2] ) and then Earl of Lincoln. In 1153 he helped arrange the truce between Stephen and Henry Plantagenet, known as the Treaty of Wallingford, which brought an end to The Anarchy. His first known appearance as "earl" was at Christmas 1141. [3] When Henry Plantagenet ascended the throne as Henry II, he confirmed William's earldom and gave him direct possession of Arundel Castle (instead of the possession in right of his wife (died 1151) he had previously had). He remained loyal to the king during the 1173 revolt of Henry the Young King, and helped defeat the rebellion.

In 1143, as Earl of Lincoln, he made two charters confirming a donation of land around Arundel in Sussex to the abbey of Affligem in Brabant, with William's brother, Olivier, present.

He was the builder of Castle Rising Castle at Castle Rising, Norfolk.

William is the first proven English supporter of the crusader Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem and before 1146 had granted them land at Wymondham and built a Leper Hospital near his castle in Norfolk. [4] His wife, Adeliza, was also a major benefactor to leper hospitals at Wilton, Wiltshire and Arundel [4] and his cousin, Roger de Mowbray and his family, were to become the most significant patrons of the Order's headquarters at Burton Lazars Hospital. [5] [6]

Marriage

William was an important member of Henry I of England's household. After Henry's death, William married Queen Adeliza of Louvain in 1138. William and Adeliza were parents to the following children:

Notes

  1. The nickname or title "Pincerna", used for both Williams, referred to the master butler of the Royal household.

Related Research Articles

Arundel Castle Castle in West Sussex, England

Arundel Castle is a restored and remodelled medieval castle in Arundel, West Sussex, England. It was established by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries by Charles Howard the 11th Duke of Norfolk.

Roger Bigod was a Norman knight who travelled to England in the Norman Conquest. He held great power in East Anglia, and five of his descendants were earls of Norfolk. He was also known as Roger Bigot, appearing as such as a witness to the Charter of Liberties of Henry I of England.

Adeliza of Louvain 12th-century queen and wife of King Henry I of England

Adeliza of Louvain, sometimes known in England as Adelicia of Louvain, also called Adela and Aleidis; was Queen of England from 1121 to 1135, as the second wife of King Henry I. She was the daughter of Godfrey I, Count of Louvain.

Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1095–1177) was the second son of Roger Bigod, sheriff of Norfolk and royal advisor, and Adeliza, daughter of Robert de Todeni.

Earl of Arundel Oldest extant English peerage

Earl of Arundel is a title of nobility in England, and one of the oldest extant in the English peerage. It is currently held by the duke of Norfolk, and is used by his heir apparent as a courtesy title. The earldom was created in 1138 or 1139 for the Norman baron William d'Aubigny. Its origin was the earlier grant by Henry I to his second wife, Adeliza of Louvain, of the forfeited honour of Arundel, which included the castle and a large portion of Sussex. After his death she married William, who thus became master of the lands, and who from about the year 1141 is variously styled earl of Sussex, of Chichester, or of Arundel. His first known appearance as earl is at Christmas 1141. Until the mid-13th century, the earls were also frequently known as Earl of Sussex, until this title fell into disuse. At about the same time, the earldom fell to the originally Breton FitzAlan family, a younger branch of which went on to become the Stuart family, which later ruled Scotland and England.

Earl of Surrey

Earl of Surrey is a title in the Peerage of England that has been created five times. It was first created for William de Warenne, a close companion of William the Conqueror. It is currently held as a subsidiary title by the Dukes of Norfolk.

House of Mowbray

The House of Mowbray is an Anglo-Norman noble house, derived from Montbray in Normandy and founded by Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel d'Aubigny.

The Chief Butler of England is an office of Grand Sergeanty associated with the feudal Manor of Kenninghall in Norfolk. The office requires service to be provided to the Monarch at the Coronation, in this case the service of Pincera Regis, or Chief Butler at the Coronation banquet.

William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel, also called William de Albini IV, was an English nobleman, a favourite of King John, and a participant in the Fifth Crusade.

Burton Lazars Human settlement in England

Burton Lazars is a village two miles (3 km) south-east of Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire having a population of c.450 in 2015. It is the site of the remains of the English headquarters of the military and hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus. The official population as taken at the 2011 census is included in the civil parish of Burton and Dalby

Nigel d'Aubigny, was a Norman Lord and English baron who was the son of Roger d’Aubigny and Amice or Avice. His father was an avid supporter of Henry I of England, and his brother William d'Aubigny Pincerna was the king's Butler and father of the 1st Earl of Arundel. Nigel was born at Thirsk Castle in Thirsk, North Yorkshire, Kingdom of England. He was the founder of the noble House of Mowbray.

William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel, also called William de Albini III, was the son of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Adeliza of Louvain, widow of Henry I of England.

William d'Aubigny, 4th Earl of Arundel, also known as William de Albini V was the eldest son of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel and Mabel of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Évreux. He became Earl of Arundel and Earl of Sussex on 30 March 1221. He was buried at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk. There is no evidence that he married or had children. He was the Chief Butler of England and was succeeded by his brother, Hugh.

Sir Roger de Mowbray was an Anglo-Norman magnate. He had substantial English landholdings. A supporter of King Stephen, with whom he was captured at Lincoln in 1141, he rebelled against Henry II. He made multiple religious foundations in Yorkshire. He took part in the Second Crusade and later returned to the Holy Land, where he was captured and died in 1187.

The Battle of Fornham was a battle fought during the Revolt of 1173–74.

William FitzAlan (1105–1160) was a nobleman of Breton ancestry. He was a major landowner, a Marcher lord with large holdings in Shropshire, where he was the Lord of Oswestry, as well as in Norfolk and Sussex. He took the side of Empress Matilda during the Anarchy and underwent considerable hardship in the Angevin cause before regaining his lands and former status. William's younger brother, Walter fitz Alan, became ancestor of the royal House of Stuart.

William d'Aubigny, sometimes William de Albini, was an Anglo-Norman baron and administrator who served successive kings of England and acquired large estates in Norfolk. From his title of Butler to King Henry I of England, he was called William d'Aubigny Pincerna to distinguish him from other men of the same name.

References

  1. Brown, p.9.
  2. The Peerage.com
  3. Round, John Horace (1911). "Arundel, Earldom of"  . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica . 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 705–706.
  4. 1 2 David Marcombe, David Marcombe (2003). Leper Knights . Woodbridge: Boydell Press. p.  34. ISBN   1-84383-067-1.
  5. Nichols, John (1795). The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester. Leicester: John Nichols.
  6. Bourne, Terry; Marcombe, David, eds. (1987). The Burton Lazars Cartulary: A Medieval Leicestershire Estate. Nottingham: University of Nottingham.

Sources

Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Lincoln
1141–1143
Succeeded by
William de Roumare
Earl of Arundel
c. 1143 1176
Succeeded by
William d'Aubigny