Yeni Akit

Last updated
Yeni Akit
Type Daily newspaper
Founded1993 (as Akit)
2001 (as Anadolu'da Vakit)
2010 (as Yeni Akit)
Political alignment Social conservatism
Erdoğanism
Language Turkish
Headquarters Istanbul, Turkey
Circulation 55,681 (May 2018) [1]
Website www.yeniakit.com.tr

Yeni Akit (Turkish : New Agreement) is a Islamic fundamentalist Turkish daily newspaper. According to a report published by the Hrant Dink Foundation, Yeni Akit is one of the top three Turkish newspapers featuring hate speech. [2] [3] Yeni Akit is an avid supporter of the AKP and has close ties with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. [4] [5] [6]

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Islamic fundamentalism Islamic ideology

Islamic fundamentalism has been defined as a movement of Muslims who regard earlier times favorably and seek to return to the fundamentals of the Islamic religion and live similarly to how the prophet Muhammad and his companions lived. Islamic fundamentalists favor "a literal and originalist interpretation" of the primary sources of Islam, seek to eliminate "corrupting" non-Islamic influences from every part of their lives and see "Islamic fundamentalism" as a pejorative term used by outsiders for Islamic revivalism and Islamic activism.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Contents

History

The newspaper was founded in 2010 as a successor to Anadolu'da Vakit (2001-2010), but later took on the name Vakit. The original Vakit had been sued for defamation by 312 generals for a 2003 editorial written by columnist Asım Yenihaber which criticised the military. Vakit lost the case, and was ordered to pay TL1.8m in 2010. [7] Columnist Abdurrahman Dilipak had his house forcibly sold in 2009 to pay damages relating to a 2000 article. [8]

Turkish lira currency of Turkey

The Turkish lira is the currency of Turkey and the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Controversies

Role in Turkish Council of State shooting

Vakit had been charged with encouraging the 2006 Turkish Council of State shooting of a judge, which was notionally a protest against a decision blocking the appointment of a teacher wearing a headscarf as principal of a nursery school. Several months earlier, Vakit had produced a front-page headline, ‘Here are those members’, accompanied by the photographs and identities of the chief judge and three members of the 2nd Chamber of the Turkish Council of State responsible for the decision. [9]

The Turkish Council of State shooting was a 2006 incident in which gunman Alparslan Arslan entered the Turkish Council of State building in Ankara and shot five judges, killing judge Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin. Arslan was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2008.

Hate Speech

Yeni Akit is known for featuring hate speech against Jews, Armenians, Greeks, Yazidis, Gülenists, Alevis, atheists, LGBT, secularists, freemasons, socialists, communists, pan-Turkists, Kemalists, Grey Wolves, and feminists, among others, on a daily basis. [10] [11] [12] According to a report published by the Hrant Dink Foundation, Yeni Akit is one of the top three Turkish newspapers resorting to hate speech. [13] [14] As of December 2014, Yeni Akit had a total number of 270 entries at nefretsoylemi.org, a site maintained by the Hrant Dink Foundation monitoring and reporting hate speech in Turkish media. [15]

Jews ancient nation and ethnoreligious group from the Levant

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.

Armenians ethnic group native to the Armenian Highland

Armenians are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.

The Greeks or Hellenes are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.

Anti-semitism

In May 2014, Yeni Akit sought to blame Jews in the country's recent Soma coal mine disaster that left over 300 dead. The newspaper criticized the mine's owner for having a Jewish son-in-law and "Zionist-dominated media" for distorting the story. [16] [17]

Soma mine disaster

On 13 May 2014, an explosion at Eynez coal mine in Soma, Manisa, Turkey, caused an underground mine fire, which burned until 15 May. In total, 301 people were killed in what was the worst mine disaster in Turkey's history. The mine, operated by coal producer Soma Kömür İşletmeleri A.Ş., suffered an explosion, the cause of which is still under investigation. The fire occurred at the mine's shift change, and 787 workers were underground at the time of the explosion. After the final bodies were pulled from the mine on May 17, 2014, four days after the fire, the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Taner Yıldız confirmed the number of dead was 301. Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) announced the names of 301 workers who died in the mine disaster and 486 people who survived but some politicians claimed that the number of dead is more than 340.

Zionism Movement that supports the creation of a Jewish homeland

Zionism is the nationalist movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel. Modern Zionism emerged in the late 19th century in Central and Eastern Europe as a national revival movement, both in reaction to newer waves of antisemitism and as an imitative response to other nationalist movements. Soon after this, most leaders of the movement associated the main goal with creating the desired state in Palestine, then an area controlled by the Ottoman Empire.

In September 2014, Yeni Akit columnist Faruk Cose called for Turkish Jews to be taxed to pay for reconstructing buildings damaged in Gaza during Israel's Operation Protective Edge. [18]

Gaza Strip region on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea

The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the State of Palestine.

Israel country in the Middle East

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.

2014 Israel–Gaza conflict War fought between the Israel Defense Forces and the Hamas-governed Gaza Strip during 2014

The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict also known as Operation Protective Edge and sometimes referred to as the 2014 Gaza war, was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. Following the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas members, the IDF conducted Operation Brother's Keeper to arrest militant leaders, Hamas fired rockets into Israel and a seven-week conflict broke out. The Israeli airstrikes and ground bombardment, the Palestinian rocket attacks and the ground fighting resulted in the death of thousands of people, the vast majority of them Gazans.

In December 2014, the newspaper used a picture of Adolf Hitler as the centerpiece for its daily word game, and the phrase "We long for you" [Seni arıyoruz] as the answer to the puzzle. [19]

Anti-LGBT

In January 2012, Yeni Akit was fined by the Turkish High Court of Appeals over comments published in 2008 describing gay people as "perverts". [20]

In the aftermath of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting the newspaper published a headline calling the victims "deviants" or "perverted", [21] which in turn was criticized by foreign media outlets. [22]

Censoring of women

The newspaper censors images of women in both their print and online edition by blurring all skin. [23] [24] In some cases, women in the shot are completely blurred out. [25]

Targeting of journalists

In July 2012, over 200 prominent people signed a criminal complaint against Yeni Akit over its attacks on Armenian-origin journalist Ali Bayramoğlu. [26]

In August, the newspaper accused Cengiz Çandar and Hasan Cemal of supporting the PKK. [27]

In December 2012, Yeni Akit published a list of 60 journalists it claimed were "terrorists and criminals". [28]

Support of al-Qaeda

Following his death in May 2011, Yeni Akit published a full page condolence in honor of Osama bin Laden. [29]

Denial of Sivas Massacre

Yeni Akit published a front-page story on 23 July 2012 declaring the Sivas massacre a "19 Year Lie", claiming the victims had been killed by gunshots rather than fire on the basis of morgue photos it claimed were previously unpublished. The claims were rapidly disproven, and strongly condemned by many. [30] [31]

Conviction of columnist for sexually abusing a minor

In September 2009, Vakit newspaper columnist 78-year-old Hüseyin Üzmez was convicted for sexually abusing a minor and was sentenced to 13 years in prison. [32] Hüseyin Üzmez and the newspaper denied the allegations and insisted this was a conspiracy.

Disinformation during Gezi Protests

During the Gezi Park protests in Turkey, Yeni Akit published many disinformative articles.

On 5 June Mustafa Durdu, a columnist at thenewspaper, claimed that protestors may even have performed group sex inside Dolmabahçe Mosque. [33]

On 13 June, Yeni Akit claimed that prostitution and group sex was common at Gezi park after 2 am. They based this claim on an "anonymous journalist who saw this happening with his own eyes and told it to someone else". [34]

On 15 June, the newspaper accused supermarket chain Migros of delivering free supplies to the protestors at Gezi park. [35] However, goods delivered to the park were bought by protestors through the supermarket's online store.

On 24 August, Yeni Akit claimed that Gezi protestors were preparing for a "big provocation" during the August 30 Victory Day celebrations. [36]

2016 Orlando nightclub shooting

Following the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, the newspaper published a headline calling the victims "deviant" or "perverted", [37] which in turn was criticized by foreign media outlets. [38]

2017 Dutch–Turkish diplomatic incident

During the 2017 Dutch–Turkish diplomatic incident, Yeni Akit wrote a suggestive article which noted that while there were "400.000 Turks living in the Netherlands" the Dutch army "has 48.000 soldiers". [39]

Columnists

Related Research Articles

Taksim Square square in Istanbul, Turkey

Taksim Square, situated in Beyoğlu in the European part of Istanbul, Turkey, is a major tourist and leisure district famed for its restaurants, shops, and hotels. It is considered the heart of modern Istanbul, with the central station of the Istanbul Metro network. Taksim Square is also the location of the Republic Monument which was crafted by Pietro Canonica and inaugurated in 1928. The monument commemorates the 5th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence.

Sabiha Gökçen First female fighter pilot

Sabiha Gökçen was a Turkish aviator. She was the world's first female fighter pilot, aged 23. Others such as Marie Marvingt and Evgeniya Shakhovskaya preceded her as military pilots in other roles, but not as fighter pilots and without military academy enrollment. She was an orphan, and one of the eight adopted children of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

<i>Milliyet</i> Turkish newspaper (daily)

Milliyet is a major pro-government Turkish daily newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey.

<i>Agos</i> periodical literature

Agos is an Armenian bilingual weekly newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey, established on 5 April 1996.

<i>Yeni Şafak</i> Turkish daily newspaper

Yeni Şafak is a conservative Turkish daily newspaper. The newspaper is known for its hardline support of president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and the AK Parti and has a very close relationship with the Turkish government. It, together with other media organizations in Turkey, has been accused of using hate speech to target minorities and opposition groups.

Hrant Dink Turkish newspaper editor, journalist and columnist

Hrant Dink was a Turkish-Armenian intellectual, editor-in-chief of Agos, journalist and columnist.

Censorship in Turkey

Censorship in Turkey is regulated by domestic and international legislation, the latter taking precedence over domestic law, according to Article 90 of the Constitution of Turkey.

Assassination of Hrant Dink

The prominent Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink was assassinated in Istanbul on 19 January 2007. Dink was a newspaper editor who had written and spoken about the Armenian Genocide, and was well known for his efforts for reconciliation between Turks and Armenians and his advocacy of human and minority rights in Turkey. At the time of his death, he was on trial for violating Article 301 of the Turkish Penal Code and "denigrating Turkishness". His murder sparked both massive national protests in Turkey itself as well as widespread international outrage.

Racism in Turkey

In Turkey, racism and ethnic discrimination are present in its society and throughout its history, and this racism and ethnic discrimination is also institutional against the non-Muslim and non-Sunni minorities. This appears mainly in the form of negative attitudes and actions by Turks towards people who are not considered ethnically Turkish. Such discrimination is predominantly towards non-Turkish ethnic minorities such as Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks, Kurds, Jews, and Zazas as well as hostility towards minority forms of Islam such as Alevis, Sufis, and Shiites.

Hasan Cemal Turkish writer and journalist

Hasan Cemal is a Turkish journalist, writer, and the grandson of Djemal Pasha. He was the editor of Cumhuriyet from 1981 to 1992, and of Sabah from 1992 to 1998. In 2013 he resigned from the Milliyet newspaper after Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan had criticised his article supporting Milliyet's publication of minutes of a parliamentary visit to Abdullah Öcalan, and Milliyet suspended him and refused to publish his returning column.

Gezi Park protests protests in Turkey

A wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Turkey began on 28 May 2013, initially to contest the urban development plan for Istanbul's Taksim Gezi Park. The protests were sparked by outrage at the violent eviction of a sit-in at the park protesting the plan. Subsequently, supporting protests and strikes took place across Turkey, protesting a wide range of concerns at the core of which were issues of freedom of the press, of expression, assembly, and the government's encroachment on Turkey's secularism. With no centralised leadership beyond the small assembly that organized the original environmental protest, the protests have been compared to the Occupy movement and the May 1968 events. Social media played a key part in the protests, not least because much of the Turkish media downplayed the protests, particularly in the early stages. Three and a half million people are estimated to have taken an active part in almost 5,000 demonstrations across Turkey connected with the original Gezi Park protest. Twenty-two people were killed and more than 8,000 were injured, many critically.

The following is a timeline of the Gezi Park protests in Turkey of citizens and supporters against actions and plans of the government of Turkey. The timeline is segmented into days.

The 2013 Gezi Park protests in Turkey saw massive amounts of censorship and disinformation by the mainstream media, especially by those supporting Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Justice and Development Party (AKP). A poll done by Istanbul Bilgi University in the first week of the protests showed that 84% of the demonstrators cited the lack of media coverage as a reason to join the protests, higher than the 56% of protesters who referred to the destruction of Gezi Park.

Ahmet Alper Görmüş is a Turkish journalist and writer, currently a columnist for Taraf and Yeni Aktüel. He was the editor-in-chief of the news weekly Nokta (2006-7).

The 2013 corruption scandal in Turkey refers to a criminal investigation that involves several key people in the Turkish government. All of the 52 people detained on 17 December were connected in various ways with the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). Prosecutors accused 14 people – including Suleyman Aslan, the director of state-owned Halkbank, Iranian businessman Reza Zarrab, and several family members of cabinet ministers – of bribery, corruption, fraud, money laundering and gold smuggling.

Emrullah İşler Turkish theologian and politician

Emrullah İşler is a Turkish theologian, university lecturer, and politician. On 25 December 2013, he was appointed as a deputy prime minister in the third cabinet of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Daily Sabah is a Turkish pro-government daily, published in Turkey. Available in English, German, Arabic and Russian and owned by Turkuvaz Media Group, Daily Sabah published its first issue on 24 February 2014. The editor-in-chief is Serdar Karagöz.

Amberin Zaman is a senior correspondent for Al-Monitor. Turkish journalist. Having started as a journalist in Turkey, Zaman contributes to various newspapers throughout the world. Her writing is centered on minority rights issues in Turkey.

Turkish government–Gülen movement conflict

The political conflict between the AKP-ruled Turkish government and the Gülen Movement of Fethullah Gülen began in 2013.

Turkey's media purge after the failed coup d'état on July 15, 2016 resulted in the shutdown of at least 131 media outlets and the arrest of 117 journalists – at least 35 of whom have been indicted for "membership in a terror group".

References

  1. Gazete Tirajları
  2. "Study reveals increasing hate speech in Turkish press". Al Monitor. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  3. "Hate speech on the rise in Turkish media". BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  4. "Shameful Anti-Semitism From Yeni Akit Newspaper". Aydınlık Daily. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  5. "Columnist at Erdoğan Aligned Newspaper Calls for Taxing Jews to Pay for Rebuilding Gaza". The Algemeiner. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  6. "Erdogan calls Israel more barbaric than Hitler, but defends Turkish Jews". JTA. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  7. Daily Vakit to pay damages to 312 generals Hurriyet Daily News , 8 May 2010.
  8. Vakit columnist's house sold over Feb. 28 column Today's Zaman , 20 August 2009.
  9. İbrahim Efe, Murat Yeşiltaş (2012), "Representations of the Ergenekon Case in Turkey, 2007–11: Today's Zaman and Hürriyet Daily News", Middle East Critique, Vol. 21, Iss. 2, 2012
  10. "Jews, Armenians main targets of hate speech". Hurriyer Daily News. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  11. "Othering Through Hate Speech: The Turkish-Islamist (V)AKIT Newspaper as a Case Study". Academia. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  12. "Reaction grows over daily's hate speech". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  13. "Study reveals increasing hate speech in Turkish press". Al Monitor. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  14. "Hate speech on the rise in Turkish media". BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  15. "Yeni Akit Nefret Söylemi". Hrant Dink Vakfı. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  16. "Conservative daily stirs outrage over anti-Semitic headline after Turkey's Soma disaster". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  17. "Jews Implicated by Pro-Erdoğan Turkish Newspaper for Coal Mine Disaster". The Algemeiner. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  18. "Columnist at Erdoğan Aligned Newspaper Calls for Taxing Jews to Pay for Rebuilding Gaza". The Algemeiner. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  19. "Shameful Anti-Semitism From Yeni Akit Newspape". Aydınlık Daily. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  20. Calling gay people 'perverts' an insult, top court says Hurriyet Daily News , 9 January 2012.
  21. "The world reacts to the mass shooting in Orlando". The Washington Post . Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  22. "'Fifty perverts killed': Turkish newspaper sparks outrage with offensive headline about Orlando nightclub shooting". Inquisitr . Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  23. http://www.gazetecell.com/medya/akit-atletlerimizi-boyle-sansurledi-h7289.html
  24. "Yeni Akit, TBMM'de CHP'li Melda Onur'un Genel Kurul kürsüsüne çıktığı tişörte sansür uyguladı". odatv.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  25. "Yeni Akit'ten inanılmaz sansür! Amerikalı kadınlar 'buzlandı'". MedyaRadar.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  26. Reaction grows over daily's hate speech Hurriyet Daily News, 5 July 2012.
  27. Columnist fired for defending journalists targeted by Yeni Akit Today's Zaman, 31 August 2012.
  28. Committee to Protect Journalists, 26 December 2012, Turkish journalist attacked amid smear campaign on press
  29. "Akit'te Bin Ladin için taziye ilanı". Sol. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  30. Today's Zaman, 23 July 2012, Sivas massacre victims died of gunshots, not fire, daily claims
  31. The Sivas Massacre is a ‘19 year lie’: Yeni Akit, 27 July 2012
  32. "Üzmez sentenced to 13 years". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  33. BUNLAR CIA’nın ÇOCUKLARI - Mustafa Durdu
  34. "Kendi Gözlerimle Gördüm"
  35. Eylemcileri Migros Besliyor
  36. Geziciler 30 Ağustos’ta Provokasyona Hazırlanıyor
  37. "The world reacts to the mass shooting in Orlando". The Washington Post . Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  38. "'Fifty perverts killed': Turkish newspaper sparks outrage with offensive headline about Orlando nightclub shooting". Inquisitr . Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  39. "Netherlands Dispute Gives Turkey Perfect Election Fodder" published on Spiegel Online. Accessed 13-3-2017.