1991 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification

Last updated

1991 FIFA Women's World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams48 (from 6 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played111
Goals scored445 (4.01 per match)
1995

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification process saw 48 teams from the six FIFA confederations compete for the 12 places in the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup finals. The places were divided as follows:

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

1991 FIFA Womens World Cup 1991 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It took place in Guangdong, China from 16 to 30 November 1991. FIFA, football's international governing body selected China as host nation as Guangdong had hosted a prototype world championship three years earlier, the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament. Matches were played in the state capital, Guangzhou, as well as in Foshan, Jiangmen and Zhongshan. The competition was sponsored by Mars, Incorporated. With FIFA still reluctant to bestow their "World Cup" brand, the tournament was officially known as the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup.

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Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Confederation of African Football governing body of association football in Africa

The Confederation of African Football or CAF is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.

Asia Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

All of the confederations used their regional championship tournament to determine qualification. Hosts China PR also entered the qualifying process.

The first qualification match was played on 9 September 1989 and the qualification concluded on 14 July 1991. A total of 445 goals were scored in the 111 qualifying matches (an average of 4.01 per match).

Four teams withdrew during the qualification without playing a match: Congo, Senegal, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, all of which are African teams.

The Congo women's national football team represents the Congo in international football.

The Senegal women's national football team is the national women's football team of Senegal and is overseen by the Senegalese Football Federation.

Zambia women's national football team, nicknamed The She-polopolo, represents the country in international match. There is also a Zambia women's national under-17 football team, a Zambia women's national under-20 football team, and Olympic qualifying team and a Homeless World Cup team. The country has participated in several qualifying tournaments for the FIFA Women's World Cup and other African-based football tournaments. The team is currently ranked 116th in the world.

Qualified teams

The Nigeria national women's football team, nicknamed the Super Falcons, is the national team of Nigeria and is controlled by the Nigeria Football Federation.

Asian Football Confederation governing body of association football in Asia

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey – which are instead members of UEFA. Three other states located geographically along the western fringe of Asia – Cyprus, Armenia and Israel – are also UEFA members. On the other hand, Australia, formerly in the OFC, joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006, and the Oceanian island of Guam, a territory of the United States, is also a member of AFC, in addition to Northern Mariana Islands, one of the Two Commonwealths of the United States. Hong Kong and Macau, although not independent countries, are also members of the AFC.

China womens national football team Womens national association football team representing the Peoples Republic of China

The China women's national football team, recognized as China PR by FIFA, is governed by the Chinese Football Association. The team is colloquially referred to as "Zhōngguó Nǚzú".

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

Denmark womens national football team womens national association football team representing Denmark

The Denmark women's national football team represents Denmark in international women's football. The team is controlled by the Danish Football Association (DBU).

Germany womens national football team womens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany women's national football team is governed by the German Football Association (DFB).

Final qualification status
Qualified for the World Cup
Failed to qualify
Did not enter the World Cup
Not a FIFA member 1991 womens world cup qualification.png
Final qualification status
  Qualified for the World Cup
  Failed to qualify
  Did not enter the World Cup
  Not a FIFA member

Qualification process

ConfederationTeams startedTeams eliminatedTeams qualifiedQualifying start dateQualifying end date
AFC 926326 May 19918 June 1991
CAF 87116 February 199130 June 1991
CONCACAF 716118 April 199128 April 1991
CONMEBOL 32128 April 19915 May 1991
OFC 32117 May 199125 May 1991
UEFA 181359 September 198914 July 1991
Total4836129 September 198914 July 1991

Confederation qualification processes

Africa (CAF)

(8 teams competing for 1 berth)

Qualified:Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria

The only African team to qualify to the World Cup was the winner of the 1991 CAF Women's Championship, Nigeria.

The eight teams were paired together into two knockout ties. The winners of these ties advanced to the second round, who used the same format as the first round. The final round is a two-leg final between the two winners of the second round. The winner, Nigeria qualified to the World Cup and won the tournament by defeating Cameroon 6–0 on aggregate.

Final Round

Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg6–0Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 2–0 4–0

Asia (AFC)

(9 teams competing for 3 berths)

Qualified: Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PRFormer Chinese Taipei Football Flag.svg  Chinese TaipeiFlag of Japan.svg  Japan

The 1991 AFC Women's Championship, consisting of nine teams, served as the AFC's qualifying tournament.

The first round was composed of two groups, one of four teams and the other of five. The top two teams of the groups advanced to the semi-finals. In the semi-finals, the winners advanced to the final and the losers played the third-place match. The winner, China; runners-up, Japan; and third place, Chinese Taipei, qualified to the World Cup.

Knockout stage

 
SemifinalsFinal
 
      
 
 
 
 
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 1
 
 
 
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 0
 
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 5
 
 
 
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0
 
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0 (5)
 
 
Former Chinese Taipei Football Flag.svg  Chinese Taipei 0 (4)
 
Third place
 
 
 
 
 
Former Chinese Taipei Football Flag.svg  Chinese Taipei 0 (5)
 
 
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 0 (4)

China PR, Japan, and Chinese Taipei qualified for the World Cup.

Europe (UEFA)

(18 teams competing for 5 berths)

Qualified:Flag of Denmark.svg  DenmarkFlag of Germany.svg  GermanyFlag of Italy.svg  ItalyFlag of Norway.svg  NorwayFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden

The first official edition of the UEFA Women's Championship served also as UEFA's qualifying tournament for the World Cup. Out of the 18 teams participating in the tournament, the qualifiers were the four semi-finalists—Denmark, Germany, Italy, and Norway—and the best quarter-final loser, Sweden, who lost their two-leg quarter-final clash against Italy on a single away goal.

The UEFA Women's Championship had held its own qualifying campaign. It began in September 1989, and ended with a final four–style tournament in Denmark, held in July 1991, only four months before the World Cup.

Germany won the tournament by beating Norway 3–1 in extra time.

Second round

Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Norway  Flag of Norway.svg4–1Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 2–1 2–0
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg1–13Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1–1 0–0
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg1–0Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0–0 1–0 (a.e.t.)
England  Flag of England.svg1–6Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1–4 0–2

Knockout stage

 
SemifinalsFinal
 
      
 
 
 
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0 (8)
 
 
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 0 (7)
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 1
 
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3 (a.e.t.)
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3
 
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 0
 
Third place
 
 
 
 
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2 (a.e.t.)
 
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1

Denmark, Germany, Italy, Norway, and Sweden qualified for the World Cup.

North, Central America & the Caribbean (CONCACAF)

(7 teams competing for 1 berth)5

Qualified:Flag of the United States.svg  United States

The 1991 CONCACAF's Women's Championship, despite being an unofficial competition, determined the CONCACAF's single qualifier for the World Cup – the winner, the United States. The tournament took place in Port-au-Prince, Haiti in April 1991 and consisted of 8 teams.

Knockout Stage

 
SemifinalsFinal
 
      
 
 
 
 
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 6
 
 
 
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5
 
 
 
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 0
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10
 
 
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 0
 
Third place
 
 
 
 
 
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 4
 
 
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 2

United States qualified for the World Cup.

Oceania (OFC)

(3 teams competing for 1 berth)

Qualified:Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

Only three teams participated in the tournament which took place in Sydney, Australia in May 1991: Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. The teams played in a round-robin tournament in which each team played 2 matches against each opponent, with the first placed team qualifying.

The competition was eventually decided through goal-difference, as the matches between Australia and New Zealand ended with one win to each side, and both teams won all matches against Papua New Guinea.

Final standings

TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 4301281+276 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 4301211+206
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 4004047−470

South America (CONMEBOL)

(3 teams competing for 1 berth)

Qualified:Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

The first edition of the Sudamericano Femenino (Women's South American Championship), held in April–May 1991 determined CONMEBOL's qualifier. The host of the tournament Brazil won the tournament and with it the right to represent South America in the World Cup.

Final standings

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2200122+104
2Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 21012642
3Flag of Venezuela (1930-1954).svg  Venezuela 20021760

Brazil qualified for the World Cup.

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Oceania Football Confederation body for association football in Oceania

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international association football, consisting of New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, and other Pacific Island countries. It promotes the game in Oceania and allows the member nations to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

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