Judaism is the ethnic religion of the Jewish people. It is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel. It encompasses a wide body of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world.
Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and the savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, called the Old Testament in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament. It is the world's largest religion with about 2.4 billion followers.
The Bahá'í Faith is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people. Established by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863, it initially grew in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. It is estimated to have between 5 and 8 million adherents, known as Bahá'ís, spread out into most of the world's countries and territories.
Ali Akbar Feyz Aleni, more known as Ali Meshkini, was an Iranian hardline cleric and politician.
Grand Ayatollah Agha Mojtaba Tehrani was an Iranian Twelver Shi'a Marja' taqlid, which is described as "a high-ranking Shia cleric who is regarded as a source of emulation".
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real? Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust? Do humans have free will?
Philosophy of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions". Philosophical discussions on such topics date from ancient times, and appear in the earliest known texts concerning philosophy. The field is related to many other branches of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies, together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them. It may also refer to the attainment of insight in ultimate or hidden truths, and to human transformation supported by various practices and experiences.
University of Tehran is the oldest modern university located in Tehran, Iran. It is also one of the most prestigious universities in the Middle East. Based on its historical, socio-cultural, and political pedigree, as well as its research and teaching profile, UT has been nicknamed "The mother university of Iran". It has been ranked as one of the best universities in the Middle East in national and international rankings and among the top universities in the world. It is also the premier knowledge producing institute among all OIC countries. The university offers 111 bachelor's degree programs, 177 master's degree programs, and 156 Ph.D. programs. Many of the departments were absorbed into the University of Tehran from the Dar al-Funun established in 1851 and the Tehran School of Political Sciences established in 1899.
IICT, having been established with the impetus towards contributing to the contemporary intellectual debates and towards attempts to criticize and theorize in the aforesaid fields and areas in the spring of 1994, and is currently publishing nine different scientific magazines with the following titles, in addition to eight hundred other publications all being the outgrowth of the researches and investigations carried out by its departments: ‘Qabasat’ (specialized in philosophy of religion/ ISI ranking), ‘Zehn’ [the Mind] (specialized in epistemology), ‘Eqtesad-e Eslami’ (Islamic Economics) (ISI ranking), ‘Hoqooq-e Eslami’ (Islamic Law) (ISI ranking), ‘Ketab-e Naqd’ (the Book of Criticism) (on thoughts and thoughts criticism), the International Journal of Philosophy of Religion (in English), ‘Qabasat’ International Journal on Islamic social systems (in Arabic), ‘Zamaneh’ [Era] monthly (specialized in contemporary history and political sociology of Iran), and ‘Hashieh’ [the Gloss] monthly (for seminary students and learned youth).
In the past ten years, IICT has compiled, or has been compiling, four different encyclopedias under professor Rashad’s supervision:
The Encyclopedia of Qur'an (six out of twenty five volumes completed)
The Encyclopedia of the Holy Prophet’s Conduct (fifteen volumes; in press).
The Encyclopedia of Fatimah Culture (six volumes).
Professor Rashad is also the founder and chair of Imam Reza Islamic seminary. This seminary, comprising four religious colleges (Reza’iyeh, Thameniyeh, Mohammadiyeh, and a higher education institute), is a comprehensive Islamic seminary complex offering all the Islamic seminary levels and courses as well as related special majors (philosophy, discourse, public law, private law, penal law, etc.).
Dr. Rashad is currently a member of the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution, chair of the Board of Supporting Theorizing Platforms, and chair of the council of the Islamic seminaries of the province of Tehran; in addition, he has founded the International Institute of the Islamic Philosophy, and is a founding member as well as the head of the Academic Association of the Principles of Jurisprudence at the Islamic Seminary.
Logic of Understanding Religion (Fundamentals and Logic of Exploring Religious Doctrines and Propositions)
The program set out in 1999 with its aim being designing and offering a “comprehensive logic of understanding religion” based on “Ibtina Theory”. The program includes:
Fundamentals and Universals of logic of exploring religion
The methodology for inferring religious beliefs
Methodology for inferring Shari’a (obligatory rules of religion)
Methodology for inferring ethics (moral rules of religion)
Methodology for inferring religious knowledge
Specialized thematic interpretation
The aim of the program, carried out cooperatively, is to infer humanism from the Holy Qoran
Philosophy of Principles of Jurisprudence
It is an attempt to design and codify the philosophy of the science of principles
A Critique on John Hick’s Religious Pluralism
This project is an extension of Professor Rashad’s argumentation with John Hick to criticizes Hick’s general theory
The Encyclopedia of Holy Quran (twenty five volumes)
The encyclopedia is being compiled with the assistance of a group of researchers
The Encyclopedia of Fatimah Culture (six volumes)
The encyclopedia is being compiled with the assistance of a group of researchers
The Encyclopedia of the Holy Prophet’s Aphorism (twenty volumes)
The encyclopedia is being compiled with the assistance of a group of researchers
Divine Ethics Series
Codification of Ayatollah Mojtaba Tehrani’s moral teachings
Mystic Journey Series
Codification of Ayatollah Mojtabi Tehrani’s mystical teachings
The universal proposal plan on philosophy of religion
Ten philosophical questions on philosophy of religion will be asked of two hundred contemporary philosophers, and after their opinions and inputs have been categorized and analyzed, they will be codified and published in four different languages.
Theories and ideas
Principles of Logics in Exploring Religious Doctrines and Propositions
Criticism on John Hicks Pluralism
Research in Tradition (Definition, Categorization, Methodology)
The Function of Ration in Establishment of Religion
1. Logic & Arabic Literature; 4 Years
2. Principles & Jurisprudence; 10 Years
3. Mysticism; 4 Years
4. Philosophy of Religion; 5 Years
5. Philosophy of Religious Understanding; 2 Years
6. Quranic Sciences; 5 Years
7. Philosophy; 10 Years
8. Advanced Principles & Jurisprudence; 11 Years- continued
9. Philosophy of Principles and Jurisprudence; 3 Years- continued
International conventions and conferences (overseas)
1. (2006). The Fate of History (the Co-Contemplation of Perio Ins. Norway. The Unified Sacred Fate of History (paper presentation). Switzerland
2. (2003). Basis of Peace: Truth, Justice, Love, and Freedom. Freedom (paper presentation). Vatican
3. (1996). Islamic Revolution, culture, and Development). Islam Abad, Pakistan
4. (2004). Delivering various lectures on the philosophy of religious understanding, objective and subjective principles of art, sacred democracy. Sarajevo, Bosnia
5. (2006). Commemoration of Rumi. Is Rumi a religious Pluralist? (paper presentation). Athens, Greece
6. (1996). International Poetry Festival. Lectures and Poems. Spain
7. (2006). The Second Convention of Leaders of World and Orthodox Religions. Global Security and religions’ Interaction (paper presentation). Astana, Kazakhstan
8. (2002). Religions and Politics. Principles and Resources of Politics in Islam (lecture), Birmingham, England
9. (1998). Delivering lectures in various cities of England.
10. (1999). Secularism. Epistemological foundations of Materialism (paper presentation). George Town University, the USA.
11. (2008). The 6TH Conference on Islam and the Russian Orthodox Church. The Range of Functionality and Practicability of Reason in Understanding Religion (paper presentation). Moscow, Russia
12. (1995). Peace and Justice. Justice, Peace, and International Relations in Islam (lecture). Geneva, Switzerland
13. (1999). Religions’ dialogue. The Future of Religions’ Ties (paper presentation). Geneva, Switzerland
14. (2004). Islam and Russian Orthodox. The Devine End of The Days (paper presentation). Moscow, Russia
15. (1998). Inter-religion Dialogue. Peace and Justice (lecture). Sri Lanka
16. (1998). Family: Principles and Issue. Pathology of Feminism (paper presentation). Athens, Greece
17. (1998). Religion, Government, and Society. Religion, Government, and Society in Contemporary Iran (paper presentation). Torino, Italy
18. (1998). Islam and Catholic Christianity (Lecture). Vienna, Austria
19. (2004). The Role of Religion in Society. Justice; Peace in Islam. Beirut, Lebanon
20. (2005). Modern Attitudes toward Religion. Jurisprudence and its Challenges (paper presentation). Tunisia
21. (2006). Muslim Students’ Solidarity. Muslims’ Solidarity: Advantages and Risks (lecture). Khartoum, Sudan
22. (1999). Iranian and Austrian Elites Convention. The Effect of Islam on Life. Vienna, Austria
23. (2003). Religion Convention. The Secret of Islam’s Eternity and its Compatibility with visions of human life. Hamburg, Germany
24. (2009). International Day of Philosophy. Cultural Co-existence: Principles and Issues. Moscow, Russia
26. (2012). Islamic Scholasticism. Islamic Educational System. Dubai, The UAE
27. (2004). Imam Ali’s Islamic Center Convention. Messenger of Love and Spirituality (lecture). Vienna, Austria
National and international conventions and conferences (domestic)
1. (2005). World Philosophy Day Ceremony. The necessity of establishing Philosophies of Correlation on the Basis of Islamic wisdom. Qom, Iran
2. (2008). Dr. Gholamali Afrooz’s Veneration. Islamic Education System (lecture). Ibn-e-Sina Cultural Center, Tehran
3. (1999). Dr. Motahhari and Sayyd Gholamreza Sa’eidi’s viewpoints on reviving Religious thinking. Reviving Religion and Amending Piety (paper presentation). Birjand University
4. (2009). 22nd International Islamic Solidarity Conference. Ijtihadism (Jurisprudentialism) and Readability of Religion. Heads of States Summit Convention Hall.
5. (2008). 21st International Islamic Solidarity. The Goals of Religious and Civic Dialogue. Heads of States Summit Convention Hall, Tehran
6. (2002). 15th gathering of the Intellectual Investigative Conferences. Ijtihadism (Jurisprudentialism) and Readability (lecture). Qom
7. (2005). The fifth gathering of the Center for Religions’ Dialogue with Catholic Churches of Vatican (Bioethics In Islam and Christianity). Islamic Anthropology (paper presentation). Tehran
8. (2008). The 5th Conference of Religions’ Dialogue between Iran and the World Council of Churches. Global Security and Interaction of Religions (paper presentation). Alzahra Auditorium
9. (2006). the 5th Gathering of the Center for Religions with Selliouk Faculty of Birmingham University (Religions, Peace, Violence. The Principles of Tolerance (papers presentation). Tehran
10. (2001). Pre-congress of Two Sacred Ladies. The Mission of Godly Women in the Face of Contemporary Crisis (lecture). Tehran.
11. (1998). Civil Society (Imam Khomaini Research and Education Institute and George Town University of USA. Sacred Democracy (paper presentation). Qom
12. (2006). 2nd Regional Summit of Divine Religions (Venerating the Religious Sacred and Devine Prophets). Freedom of Speech and the Issue of Insulting the Sacred in Religion.
13. (2004). 2nd International Congress on Molla Sadra. Nature as the Fifth Indicant of Religion (paper presentation). Tehran
14. (2000). 2nd Congress of Researchers of Religion. The Pathology of the Modernized Dialogue (lecture). Qom University
15. (2006). The 2nd Gathering of the Center for Religions’ Dialogue with the Bishops’ Council of Switzerland (religions’ rights). Religions’ Rights (lecture). Tehran
16. (2002). The 2nd Exhibition of Scientific and Research Centers of the Seminary. Renewed Dialogue: Achievements, Damages, and Challenges (lecture). Qom
17. (2008). The 2nd National Convention of Young Elites. The Difference between the Elite and the Educated (lecture). Heads of States Summit Convention Hall, Tehran
18. (1997). Religion and Peace. The Interrelationship of Religion and Government. Tehran
19. (2006). Aesthetics in Quran. Methodology for Exploring Aesthetic Concepts of Quran (lecture). Tehran
20. (2001). The 3rd Gathering with the Russian Orthodox Church. The Conditions and Regulations of Cultural and Intellectual Dialogue. Tehran
21. (2003). The 3rd Gathering of the Center for Religions’ Dialogue and the Austrian Institute of Saint Gabriel. Justice: Status and Obstacles (paper presentation). Azadi Hotel, Tehran
22. (2005). The 3rd conference on the International Day of Philosophy (Current Necessities in Philosophy. The Necessities of Philosophy in the Realm of Research (lecture). Tehran
23. (2009). The 3rd National Convention of the Elites. The Construction (Ibtina) of Human Sciences on the distinction between the Focus of Religious Human Sciences and that of Secular Human Sciences. Heads of States Summit Convention Hall, Tehran
24. (2008). The 6th conference on the Dialogue between Islam and the Russian Orthodox Church. The Expanse of Functionality and Practicability of Reason in the Actualization of Religion (paper presentation). Moscow, Russia
25. (2000). Basirat Program. Readability of Religion: a post-religious tenet. Ab Ali
26. (2003). Allameh Tabatabayi. The Obstacles to Criticism and Innovation in Contemporary Iran in the Realm of Research into Religion(lecture). Qom
27. (2008). Philosopher of Culture: Commemoration of Prof. Reza Davari. Philosophy of Culture (lecture). Association of Wisdom and Philosophy, Tehran
28. (2007). The Quadrianuual International Convention of Ahle Beit Assembly. Investigating Tradition (paper presentation). Heads of States Summit Convention Hall, Tehran
29. (1996). Religion and Contemporary World International Conference. Religion and the New World (paper presentation). Esteghlal Hotel, Tehran
30. (1998). The Joint Conference of Iranian Center for Religions’ Dialogue and Seliok Faculty. The Role of Religious Thought and Culture in Development. Center for Religions’ Dialogue, Tehran
31. (2004). Scientific Development National Conference. The obstacles to Modern Religious Thinking and Theorizing. Sharif University of Technology
32. (2006). 4000 Martyrs Congress. The Position of Martyrs and the Status of Martyrdom (lecture). Tehran
33. (2007). Ayatollah Shah Abadi’s Commemoration Conference on the fifth International Day of Philosophy. The Role of Nature in Understanding Religion. Tehran and Qom
34. (2009). Ayatollah Mohammad-Hadi Ma'refat Commemoration Conference. The Current Necessities and Challenges of the Seminary (lecture). IICT, Qom
35. (2004). 40 Martyrs Commemoration Congress. The Role of Martyrs and Martyrdom in National Accomplishments and Security. Alishar
36. (2006). Allameh (most learned man) Sayyed Jalaledin Ashtiani’s Commemoration Congress on the Fourth International Day of Philosophy. The philosophy of Correlation (paper presentation). Dar-ol-shafa, Qom
37. (2008). Allameh She’rani and International Day of Philosophy Commemoration congress. The Philosophy of Principles of Jurisprudence (lecture). IICT, Qom
38. (2000). Imam Ali International Congress. Alavid Reforms: Nature, Logic, and Fundamentals. Tehran
39. (2006). Investigation of Insulting the Sacred International Congress. Legal nature of Insulting the Sacred (lecture). Tehran
40. (2008). Allameh Sayyed Morteza Asgari’s Commemoration International Congress. Methods of research into arguing tradition (lecture). Firdausi auditorium, Tehran University
41. (2002). Two Holy Women International Congress. Fatima: a Role Model for the Contemporary Woman. Tehran
84. (2010). Religious Epistemology. The Philosophy of Religious Knowledge. Literature Faculty, Tehran University, Tehran
85. (2006). Cultural Engineering National Conference. The relationship between and the Interaction of Philosophy of Culture and Culture as a Science (lecture). IRIB Convention Hall, Tehran
86. (2008). Modern Religious Thinking National Convention. Shahid Beheshti University.
87. (2008). A Criticism of Dr. Sayyed Hussein Nasr’s Opinions and Beliefs. The Hegemony of Metaphor in the Realm of Historical Identity (lecture). Tehran University, Tehran
88. (2006). Mohammad Reza Sarshar’s (/Rahgozar’s) commemoration. The relationship between Literature and Humanities (lecture). IRIB
89. (2009). Public Libraries Institution (Books Week). The Prophecy of Libraries in Committed Informativeness. Heads of States Summit Convention Hall, Tehran
90. (2014). National conference on Nuclear Jurisprudence, 19 and 20 Feb. 2014; gave speech as the head of the conference.
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