Arkansas Gazette

Last updated

Arkansas Gazette
Type Newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Founder(s) William E. Woodruff
FoundedNovember 20, 1819 (1819-11-20)
Language English
Ceased publicationOctober 18, 1991 (1991-10-18)
Headquarters The Gazette Building
112 West Third Street
Little Rock, Arkansas
72201-2702
Country United States
OCLC number 8794697

The Arkansas Gazette was a newspaper in Little Rock, Arkansas, that was published from 1819 to 1991. It was known as the oldest newspaper west of the Mississippi River. It was located from 1908 until its closing at the now historic Gazette Building. For many years it was the newspaper of record for Little Rock and the State of Arkansas. It was Arkansas' first newspaper.

Contents

History

The Arkansas Gazette began publication at Arkansas Post, the first capital of Arkansas Territory, on November 20, 1819. The Arkansas Gazette was established seventeen years before Arkansas became a state. When the capital was moved to Little Rock in 1821, publisher William E. Woodruff also relocated the Arkansas Gazette. The newspaper was the first to report Arkansas' statehood in 1836. [1]

Arkansas Gazette building Gazette Building.jpg
Arkansas Gazette building

Over the decades the paper was bought and sold many times. During the Civil War the paper was even shut down from the September on 1863 to the May of 1865. After the war the Gazette became the first newspaper to have telegraphic services from which they began to receive news from places like New Orleans, Louisiana, Memphis, Tennessee, and St. Louis, Missouri. In 1908 the "Gazette" even added colored comics. During the Little Rock Nine Crisis the "Gazette" promoted the integration of schools which lost them millions of dollars. But in the aftermath the "Gazette" regained its status. In 1958, the "Arkansas Gazette" was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service and Harry Ashmore of the "Gazette" was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing for their coverage of the school integration crisis in Little Rock. [2] [3]

Through much of its history, the Gazette was in competition with the Arkansas Democrat . Competition became more intense in 1979 when the Democrat changed from publishing in the evening to publishing in the morning. After 12 years of bitter competition in the morning, the Arkansas Gazette published its final edition on October 18, 1991. The assets of the newspaper were sold to Walter E. Hussman, Jr., owner and publisher of the competing Arkansas Democrat. Hussman renamed the surviving paper the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. [1] The surviving newspaper proclaims itself a descendant of the Arkansas Gazette, but this viewpoint is disputed by the 726 full-time and 1,200 part-time employees of the Arkansas Gazette who lost their jobs with the demise of their newspaper, as well as by readers of the "Gazette" who preferred the quality of journalism found in the "Gazette" to that found in the "Arkansas Democrat," even holding a vigil for its demise. [4] [5]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Gazette and Democrat Wage Newspaper War". History of Newspapers in Arkansas. Old Statehouse Museum. 1998. Archived from the original on November 2, 2006.
  2. "1958 Pulitzer Prizes". pulitzer.org. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  3. Donna Lampkin Stephens. "Arkansas Gazette". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  4. "The Arkansas Gazette". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved November 8, 2016.[ permanent dead link ]
  5. "The Old Gray Lady: Arkansas' First Newspaper". aetn.org. AETN. 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.

Further reading