Bassoon Concerto (Mozart)

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Bassoon Concerto
by W. A. Mozart
Martini bologna mozart 1777.jpg
The young composer, a 1777 copy of a lost painting
Key B-flat major
Catalogue K. 191/186e
Genre Concerto
Style Classical period
Composed1774 (1774)
MovementsThree (Allegro, Andante ma Adagio, Rondo: tempo di menuetto)
  • Basson
  • orchestra

The Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major, K. 191/186e, is a bassoon concerto written in 1774 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is the most often performed and studied piece in the entire bassoon repertory. [1] Nearly all professional bassoonists will perform the piece at some stage in their career, and it is probably the most commonly requested piece in orchestral auditions – it is usually requested that the player perform excerpts from the concerto's first two movements in every audition.


Although the autograph score is lost, the exact date of its completion is known: 4 June 1774. [2]

Mozart wrote the bassoon concerto when he was 18 years old, and it was his first concerto for a wind instrument. [3] Although it is believed that it was commissioned by an aristocratic amateur bassoon player Thaddäus Freiherr von Dürnitz, who owned seventy-four works by Mozart, this is a claim that is supported by little evidence. [4] Scholars believe that Mozart may have written five [5] bassoon concertos, but that only the first has survived.


The concerto is scored for a solo bassoon and an orchestra consisting of 2 oboes, 2 horns in Bb (sometimes transcribed for F), violin I/II, viola, and cello and double bass doubling the bass line.


The piece is divided into three movements:

  1. Allegro
  2. Andante ma Adagio
  3. Rondo: tempo di menuetto

The first movement is written in the common sonata form with an orchestral introduction. The second movement is a slow and lyrical sonata without development that contains a theme which was later featured in the Countess's aria "Porgi, Amor" at the beginning of the second act of Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro . The final movement is in rondo form.



  1. Eisen, Cliff: 'Concerto', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 6 August 2006), <>
  2. Sleeve note of the Supraphon CD (SU 3678-2 001)
  3. Mozart, W. A.; Giegling, Franz (foreword) (2003). Konzert in B für Fagott und Orchester. Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag. p. VII. ISMN M-006-45809-7
  4. Waterhouse, William: 'Bassoon', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 6 August 2006), <>
  5. Huscher, Phillip (5 June 2014). "Mozart's Bassoon Concerto, 'a little masterpiece'". Chicago Symphony Orchestra . Retrieved 7 December 2015.

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