British Heart Foundation

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British Heart Foundation
BHF Logo Lockup Vertical BHF Red RGB@4x.png
AbbreviationBHF
Formation1961
Legal status Registered charity
PurposeHeart and circulatory diseases and their risk factors
Location
Region served
United Kingdom
Chairman
Doug Gurr
Chief Executive
Dr Charmaine Griffiths [1]
Website www.bhf.org.uk

The British Heart Foundation (BHF) is a charity organisation in the United Kingdom. It funds research related to heart and circulatory diseases and their risk factors.

Contents

Foundation

The British Heart Foundation was founded in 1961 by a group of medical professionals who were concerned about the increasing death rate from cardiovascular disease. They wanted to fund extra research into the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of heart and circulatory diseases. [2]

It is a major funder and authority in cardiovascular research, education, and care, and relies predominantly on voluntary donations to meet its aims. In order to increase income and maximise the impact of its work, it also works with other organizations to combat premature death and disability from cardiovascular disease.

Activities

British Heart Foundation Cymru demonstrating CPR skills Emergency life support skills demonstration by British Heart Foundation Cymru, 19 June 2012 Sefydliad Prydeinig y Galon Cymrun arddangos sgiliau triniaeth cynnal bywyd brys 19 Mehefin 2012.jpg
British Heart Foundation Cymru demonstrating CPR skills
A British Heart Foundation furniture and electricals shop, Gloucester British Heart Foundation, Gloucester.JPG
A British Heart Foundation furniture and electricals shop, Gloucester
British Heart Foundation shop, King Street, Hammersmith British Heart Foundation shop, King Street, Hammersmith 03.jpg
British Heart Foundation shop, King Street, Hammersmith

The British Heart Foundation’s main focus is to fund cardiovascular research, aiming to spend around £100 million a year funding scientists around the UK. They are currently funding over 1000 research projects. [3]

Since 2008 the British Heart Foundation has been investing in Centres of Research Excellence. The six current centres bring together scientists from a number of disciplines to work on research projects to beat heart and circulatory disease. [4] The current Centres of Research are:

In 2013 the BHF committed to funding three multi-institution Centres of Regenerative Medicine, investing £7.5 million over four years to fund scientists looking for new treatments for heart failure. [5]

Other activities include:

In 2015 The British Heart Foundation had an income of just over £133m. In 2015 the BHF spent £102.5 million on funding cardiovascular research and £30.8 million on prevention, survival and support activities. [8]

Sponsorship

The British Heart Foundation sponsored two television series produced by Twofour, Kitchen Detective and Kid's Fit Squad. Both series encouraged healthy eating and exercise with practical advice for families, and aired on the Discovery Health channel. The BHF, along with Cancer Research UK, is a major backer of the anti-tobacco campaign group Action on Smoking and Health. [9]

Facts and figures

Fundraising

The BHF is mainly funded by legacies and wills, accounting for 40% of their income, the rest is made up of other voluntary income (31%), profit from the retail division (23%) and investment income (5%).

The charity organises a sponsored skipping challenge through schools, Jump Rope for Heart, in which the participating schools are entitled to retain 20% of the money raised. [13]

Other annual campaigns include National Heart Month (held throughout February), Wear Red Day and The Big Donation as well as many other campaigns to recruit volunteers, raise awareness of BHF, sell stock and increase donations.

In December 2010 Victoria Wood performed a show called "The Angina Monologues" for The British Heart Foundation with the strapline "Beating Heart Disease one laugh at a time". [14]

Retail Division

Valentine's Day shop window display in Monmouth, Wales. Happy Valentine's Day - geograph.org.uk - 1706688.jpg
Valentine's Day shop window display in Monmouth, Wales.

The British Heart Foundation Shops Division was founded in 1986, and was renamed Retail Division in 2010. The BHF run a large chain of charity shops throughout England, Wales and Scotland, as of December 2016 they run 737 shops which include over 160 furniture and electrical shops (or F+E shops), and they are looking to acquire more sites in the coming years. They also have an online shop and an eBay Store. The BHF Retail division makes roughly £30 million every year. [15]

BHF shops are predominantly staffed by roughly 22,500 volunteers and each shop also has a paid staff made up of a shop manager, assistant manager and may also have a shop assistant.

The British Heart Foundation were the first charity shops to Gift Aid their donations to get extra money by claiming the tax back from the donor.[ citation needed ]

The Retail Director is Mike Taylor and the headquarters of the retail division is based in Claygate, England. The BHF has 730 shops across the UK.

Criticism

Animal research

The charity is one of four organisations subject to a national boycott campaign regarding their funding of animal research. "Animal Aid plans to take out a series of newspaper adverts urging the public to stop giving money to Cancer Research UK, the British Heart Foundation, the Alzheimer's Society and Parkinson's UK unless they end their support for animal testing." [16] [17] In November 2011 a protest took place calling for the BHF and the University of Leeds to stop carrying out co-funded "lethal experiments" on dogs. The pressure group Animal Aid stated that 100 dogs had died since 1988 during the experiments. [18] [19]

The BHF has responded to these criticisms by saying the charity only funds animal research after grant applications have gone through an independent peer review process and follows the three Rs principles when considering such grants. [20]

Wealth screening

On 6 December 2016, the BHF was fined £18,000 by the UK Information Commissioner's Office which ruled that the charity had breached data protection legislation by employing external bodies to analyse the financial status of supporters in order to appeal to them for further donations, a practice known as 'wealth screening', and by trading the personal details of its donors with other charitable organisations. [21] The BBC reported that, "Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham said donors had not been informed of the charity's practices, and were therefore unable to consent or object to them. She also suggested other charities could also be engaged in similar activities. 'The millions of people who give their time and money to benefit good causes will be saddened to learn that their generosity wasn't enough,' Ms Denham added." [21] The same BBC report noted that the charity's chief executive had stated that "the ICO's conclusions were 'wrong, disproportionate and inconsistent […] We find the decision surprising, as earlier this year in June the ICO praised our data handling. Our trustees will therefore consider whether it's in the interests of our supporters and beneficiaries to challenge this decision." [21]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Charity shop Retail establishment run by a charitable organization to raise money

A charity shop (UK), thrift shop or thrift store (USA) or opportunity shop (others) is a retail establishment run by a charitable organization to raise money. Charity shops are a type of social enterprise. They sell mainly used goods such as clothing, books, music albums, shoes, DVDs, toys, and furniture donated by members of the public, and are often staffed by volunteers. Because the items for sale were obtained for free, and business costs are low, the items can be sold at competitive prices. After costs are paid, all remaining income from the sales is used in accord with the organization's stated charitable purpose. Costs include purchase and/or depreciation of fixtures, operating costs and the building lease or mortgage.

Heart Protection Study

The Heart Protection Study was a randomized controlled trial run by the Clinical Trial Service Unit, and funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) and the British Heart Foundation (BHF) in the United Kingdom. It studied the use of the cholesterol lowering drug, simvastatin 40 mg and vitamin supplementation in people who were at risk of cardiovascular disease. It was led by Jane Armitage, an epidemiologist at the Clinical Trial Service Unit.

Anita Roddick

Dame Anita Lucia Roddick, was a British businesswoman, human rights activist and environmental campaigner, best known as the founder of The Body Shop, a cosmetics company producing and retailing natural beauty products that shaped ethical consumerism. The company was one of the first to prohibit the use of ingredients tested on animals in some of its products and one of the first to promote fair trade with developing countries.

Cancer Research UK Cancer research and awareness charity

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Medical Research Council (United Kingdom) State institution responsible for co-ordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom

The Medical Research Council (MRC) is responsible for co-coordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom. It is part of United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI), which came into operation 1 April 2018, and brings together the UK's seven research councils, Innovate UK and Research England. UK Research and Innovation is answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.

Wellcome Trust British healthcare research charity established in 1936

The Wellcome Trust is a charitable foundation focused on health research based in London, in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1936 with legacies from the pharmaceutical magnate Henry Wellcome to fund research to improve human and animal health. The aim of the Trust is to "support science to solve the urgent health challenges facing everyone." It had a financial endowment of £29.1 billion in 2020, making it the fourth wealthiest charitable foundation in the world. In 2012, the Wellcome Trust was described by the Financial Times as the United Kingdom's largest provider of non-governmental funding for scientific research, and one of the largest providers in the world. According to their annual report, the Wellcome Trust spent GBP £1.1Bn on charitable activities across their 2019/2020 financial year.

Magdi Yacoub

Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub, is an Egyptian-British retired professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Imperial College London, best known for his early work in repairing heart valves with surgeon Donald Ross, adapting the Ross procedure, where the diseased aortic valve is replaced with the person's own pulmonary valve, devising the arterial switch operation (ASO) in transposition of the great arteries, and establishing the heart transplantation centre at Harefield Hospital in 1980 with a heart transplant for Derrick Morris, who at the time of his death was Europe's longest-surviving heart transplant recipient. Yacoub subsequently performed the UK's first combined heart and lung transplant in 1983.

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Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences Research centre at University of Glasgow

The Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences main hub is the purpose- built BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre facility at the University of Glasgow. The Director of Institute is Prof Rhian Touyz, MBBCh, MSc(Med), PhD. She is the British Heart Foundation(BHF) Chair of Cardiovascular Medicine and Director of the BHF Centre of Research Excellence. The Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences (ICAMS) is a research-intensive institute of basic and clinical scientists and clinicians.

John Deanfield is a British professor of cardiology and past Olympic fencer.

BAPS Charities

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Barbara Casadei is British Heart Foundation (BHF) Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Oxford, based in the Radcliffe Department of Medicine.

Rhian Merry Touyz Koppel is a South African medical researcher. She is the Assistant Director of the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences (ICAMS), University of Glasgow, and the Vice-President of the International Society of Hypertension.

Shoumo Bhattacharya is an Indian medical doctor and academic, and the British Heart Foundation (BHF) Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine at the BHF Centre of Research Excellence, University of Oxford.

References

  1. "BHF appoints Dr Charmaine Griffiths as new Chief Executive". www.bhf.org.uk.
  2. "Who we are". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  3. "Where we fund". British Heart Foundation.
  4. "Centres of Research Excellence". British Heart Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  5. "Centres of Regenerative Medicine". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  6. "CPR kits for schools". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  7. "DH and BHF make life saving defibrillator commitment". British Heart Foundation. 1 October 2016. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  8. "Annual reports and accounts 2016". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  9. "Who we are". ash.org.uk. 28 October 2003. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  10. "Heart health: Nation of lifesavers: Heartstart". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  11. BHF Annual Report and Accounts 2013; Facts and figures
  12. "Who we are". www.bhf.org.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  13. "Jump Rope For Heart" . Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  14. "The Angina Monologues with Victoria Wood". anginamonologues.co.uk. 16 February 2007. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  15. "Our Annual Review and Accounts 2016". British Heart Foundation. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  16. Oliver Wright (21 June 2011). "Animal rights group declares war on leading health charities". The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  17. "Charities are attacked over experiments experiments". The Scotsman. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  18. "Leeds University animal rights protest staged". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  19. Express, Ted Jeory, Sunday (2 September 2013). "EXCLUSIVE: Outrage as major UK charity uses donations to fund vivisection tests on dogs". Express.co.uk.
  20. "British Heart Foundation article by BHF Medical Director Professor Peter Weissberg".
  21. 1 2 3 "Charities fined over 'wealth screening' data breaches". BBC News Online . BBC. 6 December 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.