The Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica (CGA) of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is the authoritative international gazetteer containing all Antarctic toponyms published in national gazetteers, plus basic information about those names and the relevant geographical features. The Gazetteer includes also parts of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) gazetteer for under-sea features situated south of 60° south latitude.
The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is an interdisciplinary body of the International Council for Science (ICSU).
A gazetteer is a geographical dictionary or directory used in conjunction with a map or atlas. It typically contains information concerning the geographical makeup, social statistics and physical features of a country, region, or continent. Content of a gazetteer can include a subject's location, dimensions of peaks and waterways, population, gross domestic product and literacy rate. This information is generally divided into topics with entries listed in alphabetical order.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,200,000 square kilometres, it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. At 0.00008 people per square kilometre, it is by far the least densely populated continent. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.
As of May 2019 [update] , the overall content of the CGA amounts to 37,893 geographic names for 19,803 features including some 500 features with two or more entirely different names, contributed by the following sources:
Country / Official authority:
Argentina: Instituto Geográfico Nacional, Servicio de Hidrografía Naval
Australia: Australian Antarctic Division Place Names Committee
Bulgaria: Antarctic Place-names Commission
Canada: Geographical Names Board of Canada
Chile: Instituto Hidrográfíco y Oceanográfico de la Armada de Chile (SHOA) and Instituto Geográfico Militar (IGM)
China: Chinese Place-names Committee
France: Commission de Toponymie des TAAF, Institut Géographique National (Commission of Toponymy of TAAF, National Geographic Institute)
Germany: Ständiger Ausschuß für Geographische Namen (Permanent committee on geographical names)
Italy: Comitato per i nomi geografici antartici (Antarctic geographic names Committee)
Japan: Antarctic Place-names Committee of Japan
New Zealand: Antarctic Place-names Committee of New Zealand
Norway: Antarctic Place-names Committee of Norway, Norsk Polarinstitutt
Poland: Committee of Polar Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Russia: Russian Interministerial Commission on Geographical Names
UK: British Antarctic Survey UK Antarctic Place-names Committee
Uruguay: Instituto Antártico Uruguayo
United States: United States Board on Geographic Names
GEBCO: GEBCO Sub-Committee on Undersea Feature Names
The Antarctic Place-names Commission was established by the Bulgarian Antarctic Institute in 1994, and since 2001 has been a body affiliated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
The Geographical Names Board of Canada (GNBC) is a national committee with a secretariat in Natural Resources Canada, part of the Government of Canada, which authorizes the names used on official federal government maps of Canada created since 1897. The board consists of 27 members, one from each of the provinces and territories, and others from departments of the Government of Canada. The board also is involved with names of areas in the Antarctic through the Antarctic Treaty.
SHOA or Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada de Chile is an agency of the Chilean Navy managing situations dealing with hydrography and oceanography, including tides and tsunamis.
Varna Peninsula is a roughly rectangular predominantly ice-covered peninsula forming the northeast extremity of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It is bounded by Hero Bay to the northwest, by Moon Bay to the southeast, and by McFarlane Strait to the northeast.
Vergilov Rocks are a group of rocks off Bulgarian Beach on Hurd Peninsula in eastern Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, consisting of one main rock and two adjacent smaller ones submerging at high water.
Bulgarian toponyms in Antarctica are approved by the Antarctic Place-names Commission in compliance with its Toponymic Guidelines, and formally given by the President of the Republic according to the Bulgarian Constitution and the established international and Bulgarian practice. Place naming is confined to nameless geographic features situated in the Antarctic Treaty area, the region south of the parallel 60 degrees south latitude.
Desolation Island is one of the minor islands in the South Shetlands archipelago, Antarctica situated at the entrance to Hero Bay, Livingston Island. The island is V-shaped with its northern coast indented by Kozma Cove. Surface area 3.12 square kilometres (1.20 sq mi).
Valchedram Island is an ice-free island off the north coast of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica extending 280 m (310 yd) in southeast-northwest direction. The feature is named after the town of Valchedram in northwestern Bulgaria.
Williams Point is the point forming both the north extremity of Varna Peninsula and the northeast tip of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Separated from Zed Islands to the north by Iglika Passage.
Pastra Glacier is a 4.8 km long and 2 km wide glacier in the central part of Trinity Island in the Palmer Archipelago, Antarctica. Draining northwards to flow into Milburn Bay.
Telish Rock is the islet off the south coast of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica situated 400 m (437 yd) south of Elephant Point and 3 km (1.86 mi) northwest by west of Enchantress Rocks. Extending 300 by 180 m. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers.
Johnsons Glacier is the 1.8 km long and 2.3 km wide glacier on Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica bounded by Charrúa Ridge and Charrúa Gap to the north, Napier Peak to the east, Mirador Hill to the southeast, Hurd Ice Cap to the southwest and Mount Reina Sofía to the west. It is draining northwestwards into Johnsons Dock. The glacier provides overland access from the Spanish base Juan Carlos Primero to the interior of the eastern Livingston Island.
Contell Glacier is 1.2 nmi long and 0.4 nautical miles wide glacier on Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica bounded by Atlantic Club Ridge to the northwest, Krum Rock to the north, Balkan Snowfield to the northeast, and Charrúa Ridge and Charrúa Gap to the south. It is crescent-shaped, running northwestwards in its upper course, then between Charrúa Ridge and Krum Rock turning west-southwestwards to flow into South Bay north of Johnsons Dock.
Essex Point is a point at the northwest end of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It forms the west side of the entrance to Barclay Bay and the northeast side of the entrance to Svishtov Cove, and is surmounted by Drong Hill.
Window Island is a small ice-free island off the north coast of Ray Promontory in the northwest of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. The island has a surface area of 23 hectares and rises to 72 m (236 ft). It was known to the early 19th century sealers operating on Byers Peninsula.
Sally Rocks is a small group of rocks trending southwestwards in South Bay just off the west coast of Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.
Eddystone Rocks is a group of two rocks lying to the northwest of Rugged Island off western Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.
Las Palmas Glacier is a glacier flowing west-northwest from Hurd Dome and terminating at Las Palmas Cove, South Bay, Livingston Island, Antarctica. The name was given by the Spanish Antarctic Expedition, about 1991, after the ship Las Palmas of the Spanish Antarctic campaigns since 1988.
Smolensk Strait is the strait in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica separating Deception Island from Rozhen Peninsula on Livingston Island, 18.4 km wide between Macaroni Point to the southwest and Barnard Point to the northeast.
Perivol Rock is the rock off Snow Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, extending 230 m in a southeast–northwest direction and 170 m wide.
Toledo Island is the southern of two rocky islands in Smyadovo Cove on the west coast of Rugged Island in the South Shetland Islands. The feature is 320 m long in east-west direction and 110 m wide. It is separated from Rugged Island to the southeast and Prosechen Island to the north by 40 m and 60 m wide passages respectively. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers.
Prosechen Island is the northern of two rocky islands in Smyadovo Cove on the west coast of Rugged Island in the South Shetland Islands. The feature is 500 m long in east-west direction and 140 m wide. It is separated from Rugged Island to the north and Toledo Island to the south by 70 m and 60 m wide passages respectively. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers.