Days Mill and Farm

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Day's Mill & Farm
Days Mill from the south.jpg
Day's Mill & Farm
General information
LocationDay Road, Murchison South, Victoria
Coordinates 36°40′37″S145°12′19″E / 36.677082°S 145.205354°E / -36.677082; 145.205354 Coordinates: 36°40′37″S145°12′19″E / 36.677082°S 145.205354°E / -36.677082; 145.205354
Construction started1865 (1865)
Designations

Days Mill and Farm comprises an historic steam-driven flour mill, farm and homestead at Murchison South, Victoria, Australia constructed in 1865 by William and Anne Day. The mill is the best preserved 19th century flour mill in Victoria and a remarkably intact heritage site.

Murchison, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Murchison is a small riverside rural village located on the Goulburn River in Victoria, Australia. Murchison is located 167 kilometres from Melbourne and is just to the west of the Goulburn Valley Highway between Shepparton and Nagambie. The surrounding countryside contains orchards, vineyards and dairy farms and also HM Prison Dhurringile. At the 2016 census, Murchison had a population of 925.

Contents

Days Mill Homestead, Murchison South Days Mill Homestead.jpg
Days Mill Homestead, Murchison South

Location

The mill and farm were part of an original 170-hectare (420-acre) property near the Goulburn River on Days Road, Murchison South, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) north of Melbourne. The historic property comprises 4 hectares (10 acres) with the surrounding farm land having been sold off privately.

Goulburn River river in Victoria, Australia

The Goulburn River, a major inland perennial river of the Goulburn Broken catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the alpine, Northern Country/North Central, and Southern Riverina regions of the Australian state of Victoria. The headwaters of the Goulburn River rise in the western end of the Victorian Alps, below the peak of Corn Hill before descending to flow into the Murray River near Echuca, making it the longest river in Victoria at 654 kilometres (406 mi). The river is impounded by the Eildon Dam to create Lake Eildon, the Eildon Pondage, the Goulburn Weir and Waranga Basin.

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 2,080 km2 (800 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of 5 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

History

In 1865 William Day selected about 170 hectares (420 acres) in the Parish of Murchison. He was astute enough to notice that this recent Land Act had greatly increased farming activity in and built a two story flour mill. He also operated a bush sawmill and a punt over the Goulburn River and his wife Ann ran a local store. [1]

William Day did not live to see the great migration of settlers into the Goulburn Valley. In August 1870, while trying to tame a young cow, William was thrown against a fence and suffered severe injuries to his legs and arms. He probably did not recover from this accident and died in 1872. Anne was left to support seven children, aged 5 to 19. She was not left without means, as William's estate was worth over £5,000. From 1872 until 1891 the farm and mill were run very capably by Anne Day, and during these years the farm was one of the more advanced properties in the district. A valuable collection of letters detailing the running of the farm during this period, reveal a picture of a strong woman astutely conducting business in the male dominated Victorian business world. Her letters detail her battles with impecunious selectors; her attempts to place flour in the Melbourne market; her battles with tardy agricultural machinery makers; and most importantly, her struggle to sell her farm produce at a good price in the Melbourne market. [2]

Stone milling had proven unsuitable for the hard grains of Australia, as well as in the United States and the new European wheat frontier of Hungary, where millers and millwrights experimented with flour milling technology, and in the 1870s the new technology of iron roller mills was developed. Days Mill was not an economic proposition by the 1880s, when railway transport allowed competition from surrounding mills and Melbourne mills, and roller technology displaced the old stone mills. The Day family did not make the transition to the expensive new roller mills developed in the 1870s and they simply stopped milling flour in the late 1880s. [1]

Anne Day retired from farming and storekeeping and the estate of her late husband was settled in 1891 and the eldest son, Joseph, took over the mill on Ann’s retirement and from then on the property operated simply as a farm, and the property was run only for farming, although Joseph occasionally ground chicken feed for his neighbours. in 1910 Joseph Day extended the size of his farm and acquired a further 320 acres. A third son, Henry, acquired 244 acres. [3]

Today the site retains an almost intact nineteenth century assemblage of farming and flour milling equipment. Approached along a peppercorn and pine tree lined drive with a gatehouse at the entrance, the three-storey brick mill of 1865 and later granary extension is flanked by a two-storey brick residence with a two-storey encircling verandah that was added around 1905. The mill was driven by a rare early E T Bellhouse steam engine, [4] which was powered by a Cornish boiler both of which intact. Other buildings on site include a large stable, chaff shed, blacksmith, butchery, dairy, shearing shed, miking shed, piggery and chook shed, constructed variously in hand made brick, timber and corrugated galvanised iron. [1]

All the original mill machinery and equipment remains including three under driven mill stones, grain and meal elevators, a bolting reel, air leg aspirator, sack hoist and ancillary equipment. [1]

Preservation

The historic mill has been known to historians for many decades, and was first photographed as an historic site in about 1966. [5] The Victorian government, through the Historic Buildings Council and National Estate Grants Program, purchased the property in 1985. It is included on the National Trust Register, [6] the Victorian Heritage Register, [7] and has been managed by Parks Victoria since 1996, and recently celebrated the 150th anniversary of the establishment of the mill and farm by the Day family. [8]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Day's Mill and Farm summer school report / prepared by Gary Vines. Dept. of Conservation and Environment, 1990
  2. Two model farmers: Ann and Joseph Day of Murchison. Victorian Historical Journal (1987), v.71, no.2, Sept 2000, p.102-123 ( ISSN   1030-7710)Charles Fahey Published Sept 2000
  3. Fahey 2000, citing farm management records 1891 to 1917 found in the mill
  4. "E.T. BELLHOUSE AND CO. ENGINEERS AND IRON FOUNDERS Bellhouse, D.R. and R.J. Byrom (1985). E.T. Bellhouse: a biography. Manchester Memoirs, Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society 124: 11 – 28" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  5. JT Collins Photo 1966 [ permanent dead link ]
  6. DAY'S MILL 75 DAY ROAD MURCHISON, Greater Shepparton City File Number 601918 (1) - (5)
  7. DAY'S FLOUR MILL COMPLEX, 75 DAY ROAD MURCHISON, Greater Shepparton City(VHR) Number H1523
  8. "interview with Chris Smith, Parks Victoria". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2013.

Other sources