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|Edgar Allan Poe|
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The works of American author Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) include many poems, short stories, and one novel. His fiction spans multiple genres, including horror fiction, adventure, science fiction, and detective fiction, a genre he is credited with inventing. These works are generally considered part of the Dark romanticism movement, a literary reaction to Transcendentalism. Poe's writing reflects his literary theories: he disagreed with didacticism and allegory. Meaning in literature, he said in his criticism, should be an undercurrent just beneath the surface; works whose meanings are too obvious cease to be art. Poe pursued originality in his works, and disliked proverbs. He often included elements of popular pseudosciences such as phrenology and physiognomy. His most recurring themes deal with questions of death, including its physical signs, the effects of decomposition, concerns of premature burial, the reanimation of the dead, and mourning. Though known as a masterly practitioner of Gothic fiction, Poe did not invent the genre; he was following a long-standing popular tradition.
Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood, however there are many exceptions to this.
Poe's literary career began in 1827 with the release of 50 copies of Tamerlane and Other Poems credited only to "a Bostonian", a collection of early poems that received virtually no attention.In December 1829, Poe released Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems in Baltimore before delving into short stories for the first time with "Metzengerstein" in 1832. His most successful and most widely read prose during his lifetime was "The Gold-Bug", which earned him a $100 prize, the most money he received for a single work. One of his most important works, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", was published in 1841 and is today considered the first modern detective story. Poe called it a "tale of ratiocination". Poe became a household name with the publication of "The Raven" in 1845, though it was not a financial success. The publishing industry at the time was a difficult career choice and much of Poe's work was written using themes specifically catered for mass market tastes.
Tamerlane and Other Poems is the first published work by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The short collection of poems was first published in 1827. Today, it is believed only 12 copies of the collection still exist.
Baltimore is the largest city in the state of Maryland within the United States. Baltimore was established by the Constitution of Maryland as an independent city in 1729. With a population of 602,495 in 2018, Baltimore is the largest such independent city in the United States. As of 2017, the population of the Baltimore metropolitan area was estimated to be just under 2.802 million, making it the 21st largest metropolitan area in the country. Baltimore is located about 40 miles (60 km) northeast of Washington, D.C., making it a principal city in the Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area (CSA), the fourth-largest CSA in the nation, with a calculated 2018 population of 9,797,063.
"Metzengerstein: A Tale in Imitation of the German" was the first short story by American writer and poet Edgar Allan Poe to see print. It was first published in the pages of Philadelphia's Saturday Courier magazine, in 1832. The story follows the young Frederick, the last of the Metzengerstein family, who carries on a long-standing feud with the Berlifitzing family. Suspected of causing a fire that kills the Berlifitzing family patriarch, Frederick becomes intrigued with a previously unnoticed and untamed horse. Metzengerstein is punished for his cruelty when his own home catches fire and the horse carries him into the flame. Part of a Latin hexameter by Martin Luther serves as the story's epigraph: Pestis eram vivus—moriens tua mors ero.
First published in
|"Poetry"||1824||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"O, Tempora! O, Mores!"||1825||Never published in Poe's lifetime||Not authenticated, attribution to Poe is likely incorrect|
|"Tamerlane"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Song"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Imitation"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"A Dream"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"The Lake"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Spirits of the Dead"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Evening Star"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Dreams"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"Stanzas"||July 1827||Tamerlane and Other Poems|
|"The Happiest Day"||September 15, 1827||The North American|
|"To Margaret"||circa 1827||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"Alone"||1829||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"To Isaac Lea"||circa 1829||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"To The River ——"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems|
|"To ——"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems||Begins "The bowers whereat, in dreams..."|
|"To ——"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems||Begins "Should my early life seem..."|
|"Romance"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems|
|"Fairy-Land"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems|
|"To Science"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems|
|"Al Aaraaf"||1829||Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems|
|"An Acrostic"||1829||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"Elizabeth"||1829||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"To Helen"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"A Paean"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"The Sleeper"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"The City in the Sea"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"The Valley of Unrest"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"Israfel"||1831||Poems by Edgar A. Poe|
|"Enigma"||February 2, 1833||Baltimore Saturday Visiter|
|"Fanny"||May 18, 1833||Baltimore Saturday Visiter|
|"The Coliseum"||October 26, 1833||Baltimore Saturday Visiter|
|"Serenade"||April 20, 1833||Baltimore Saturday Visiter|
|"To One in Paradise"||January 1834||Godey's Lady's Book|
|"Hymn"||April 1835||Southern Literary Messenger|
|"To Elizabeth"||September 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Republished as "To F——s S. O——d" in 1845|
|"May Queen Ode"||circa 1836||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"Spiritual Song"||1836||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"Latin Hymn"||March 1836||Southern Literary Messenger|
|"Bridal Ballad"||January 1837||Southern Literary Messenger||Originally published as "Ballad"|
|"To Zante"||January 1837||Southern Literary Messenger|
|"The Haunted Palace"||April 1839||American Museum|
|"Silence–A Sonnet"||January 4, 1840||Saturday Courier|
|"Lines on Joe Locke"||February 28, 1843||Saturday Museum|
|"The Conqueror Worm"||January 1843||Graham's Magazine|
|"Lenore"||February 1843||The Pioneer|
|"A Campaign Song"||1844||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"Dream-Land"||June 1844||Graham's Magazine|
|"Impromptu. To Kate Carol"||April 26, 1845||Broadway Journal|
|"To F——"||April 1845||Broadway Journal||Republished as "To Frances" in the September 6, 1845, issue of the Broadway Journal|
|"Eulalie"||July 1845||American Review: A Whig Journal|
|"Epigram for Wall Street"||January 23, 1845||Evening Mirror|
|"The Raven"||February 1845||American Review: A Whig Journal|
|"The Divine Right of Kings"||October 1845||Graham's Magazine|
|"A Valentine"||February 21, 1846||Evening Mirror||Originally published as "To Her Whose Name Is Written Below"|
|"Beloved Physician"||1847||Never published in Poe's lifetime||Incomplete|
|"Deep in Earth"||1847||Never published in Poe's lifetime||Incomplete|
|"To M. L. S—— (1847)"||March 13, 1847||The Home Journal|
|"Ulalume"||December 1847||American Whig Review|
|"Lines on Ale"||1848||Never published in Poe's lifetime|
|"To Marie Louise"||March 1848||Columbian Magazine|
|"An Enigma"||March 1848||Union Magazine of Literature and Art|
|"To Helen"||November 1848||Sartain's Union Magazine|
|"A Dream Within A Dream"||March 31, 1849||The Flag of Our Union|
|"Eldorado"||April 21, 1849||Flag of Our Union|
|"For Annie"||April 28, 1849||Flag of Our Union|
|"To My Mother"||July 7, 1849||Flag of Our Union|
|"Annabel Lee"||October 9, 1849||New York Daily Tribune||Sold before Poe's death but published posthumously|
|"The Bells"||November 1849||Sartain's Union Magazine||Sold before Poe's death but published posthumously|
First published in
|"Metzengerstein"||January 14, 1832||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Horror / Satire||First published anonymously with the subtitle "A Tale in Imitation of the German"|
|"The Duc de L'Omelette"||March 3, 1832||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Humor||Originally "The Duke of l'Omelette"|
|"A Tale of Jerusalem"||June 9, 1832||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Humor|
|"Loss of Breath"||November 10, 1832||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Humor||Originally "A Decided Loss"|
|"Bon-Bon"||December 1, 1832||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Humor||Originally "The Bargain Lost"|
|"MS. Found in a Bottle"||October 19, 1833||Baltimore Saturday Visiter||Adventure|
|"The Assignation"||January 1834||Godey's Lady's Book||Horror||Originally "The Visionary", published anonymously|
|"Berenice"||March 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Horror|
|"Morella"||April 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Horror|
|"Lionizing"||May 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Satire||Subtitle: "A Tale"|
|"The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall"||June 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Adventure|
|"King Pest"||September 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Horror / Humor||Originally "King Pest the First", published anonymously|
|"Shadow—A Parable"||September 1835||Southern Literary Messenger||Horror||Published anonymously|
|"Four Beasts in One—The Homo-Cameleopard"||March 1836||Southern Literary Messenger||Humor||Originally "Epimanes"|
|"Mystification"||June 1837||American Monthly Magazine||Humor||Originally "Von Jung, the Mystific"|
|"Silence—A Fable"||1838||Baltimore Book||Horror / Fantasy||Originally "Siope—A Fable"|
|"Ligeia"||September 1838||Baltimore American Museum||Horror||Republished in the February 15, 1845, issue of the New York World, included the poem "The Conqueror Worm" as words written by Ligeia on her death-bed|
|"How to Write a Blackwood Article"||November 1838||Baltimore American Museum||Parody||An introduction to "A Predicament"|
|"A Predicament"||November 1838||Baltimore American Museum||Parody||Companion to "How to Write a Blackwood Article," originally "The Scythe of Time"|
|"The Devil in the Belfry"||May 18, 1839||Saturday Chronicle and Mirror of the Times||Humor / Satire|
|"The Man That Was Used Up"||August 1839||Burton's Gentleman's Magazine||Satire|
|"The Fall of the House of Usher"||September 1839||Burton's Gentleman's Magazine||Horror|
|"William Wilson"||October 1839||The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present for 1840||Horror|
|"The Conversation of Eiros and Charmion"||December 1839||Burton's Gentleman's Magazine||Science fiction|
|"Why the Little Frenchman Wears His Hand in a Sling"||1840||Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque||Humor|
|"The Business Man"||February 1840||Burton's Gentleman's Magazine||Humor||Originally "Peter Pendulum"|
|"The Man of the Crowd"||December 1840||Graham's Magazine||Horror|
|"The Murders in the Rue Morgue"||April 1841||Graham's Magazine||Detective fiction|
|"A Descent into the Maelström"||April 1841||Graham's Magazine||Adventure|
|"The Island of the Fay"||June 1841||Graham's Magazine||Fantasy|
|"The Colloquy of Monos and Una"||August 1841||Graham's Magazine||Science fiction|
|"Never Bet the Devil Your Head"||September 1841||Graham's Magazine||Satire||Subtitled "A Tale with a Moral"|
|"Eleonora"||Fall 1841||The Gift for 1842||Romance|
|"Three Sundays in a Week"||November 27, 1841||Saturday Evening Post||Humor||Originally "A Succession of Sundays"|
|"The Oval Portrait"||April 1842||Graham's Magazine||Horror||Originally "Life in Death"|
|"The Masque of the Red Death"||May 1842||Graham's Magazine||Horror||Originally "The Mask of the Red Death"|
|"The Landscape Garden"||October 1842||Snowden's Ladies' Companion||Sketch||Later incorporated into "The Domain of Arnheim"|
|"The Mystery of Marie Rogêt"||November 1842, December 1842, February 1843 (serialized)||Snowden's Ladies' Companion||Detective fiction||Originally subtitled "A Sequel to 'The Murders in the Rue Morgue'"|
|"The Pit and the Pendulum"||1842–1843||The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present||Horror|
|"The Tell-Tale Heart"||January 1843||The Pioneer||Horror|
|"The Gold-Bug"||June 1843||Dollar Newspaper||Adventure|
|"The Black Cat"||August 19, 1843||United States Saturday Post||Horror|
|"Diddling"||October 14, 1843||Philadelphia Saturday Courier||Parody||Originally "Raising the Wind; or, Diddling Considered as One of the Exact Sciences"|
|"The Spectacles"||March 27, 1844||Dollar Newspaper||Humor|
|"A Tale of the Ragged Mountains"||April 1844||Godey's Lady's Book||Science fiction, Adventure|
|"The Premature Burial"||July 31, 1844||Dollar Newspaper||Horror|
|"Mesmeric Revelation"||August 1844||Columbian Magazine||Science fiction|
|"The Oblong Box"||September 1844||Godey's Lady's Book||Horror / Ratiocination|
|"The Angel of the Odd"||October 1844||Columbian Magazine||Humor||Subtitled "An Extravaganza"|
|"Thou Art the Man"||November 1844||Godey's Lady's Book||Detective fiction / Satire|
|"The Literary Life of Thingum Bob, Esq."||December 1844||Southern Literary Messenger||Humor|
|"The Purloined Letter"||1844–1845||The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present||Detective fiction|
|"The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade"||February 1845||Godey's Lady's Book||Humor||Meant as a sequel to One Thousand and One Nights|
|"Some Words with a Mummy"||April 1845||American Review: A Whig Journal||Satire|
|"The Power of Words"||June 1845||Democratic Review||Science fiction|
|"The Imp of the Perverse"||July 1845||Graham's Magazine||Horror|
|"The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether"||November 1845||Graham's Magazine||Humor|
|"The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar"||December 1845||The American Review||Horror / Science fiction / Hoax||Originally "The Facts of M. Valdemar's Case"|
|"The Sphinx"||January 1846||Arthur's Ladies Magazine||Satire|
|"The Cask of Amontillado"||November 1846||Godey's Lady's Book||Horror|
|"The Domain of Arnheim"||March 1847||Columbian Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine||Sketch||Expansion of previous story "The Landscape Garden"|
|"Mellonta Tauta"||February 1849||Godey's Lady's Book||Science fiction / Hoax|
|"Hop-Frog"||March 17, 1849||Flag of Our Union||Horror||Subtitled "Or, The Eight Chained Ourang-Outangs"|
|"Von Kempelen and His Discovery"||April 14, 1849||Flag of Our Union||Hoax / Satire|
|"X-ing a Paragrab"||May 12, 1849||Flag of Our Union||Humor|
|"Landor's Cottage"||June 9, 1849||Flag of Our Union||Sketch||Originally "Landor's Cottage: A Pendant to 'The Domain of Arnheim'"|
"Maelzel's Chess Player" (1836) is an essay by Edgar Allan Poe exposing a fraudulent automaton chess player called The Turk, which had become famous in Europe and the United States and toured widely. The fake automaton was invented by Wolfgang von Kempelen in 1769 and was brought to the U.S. in 1825 by Johann Nepomuk Mälzel after von Kempelen's death.
"The Philosophy of Furniture" is an essay written by American author Edgar Allan Poe published in 1840. The essay is an unusual work by Poe, whose more well-known works include horror tales like "The Tell-Tale Heart". The essay presents Poe's theories on interior decorating.
"Morning on the Wissahiccon" is an 1844 work by Edgar Allan Poe describing the natural beauty of Wissahickon Creek, which flows into the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. It borders between being a short story and a travel essay.
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1838) is the only complete novel written by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The work relates the tale of the young Arthur Gordon Pym, who stows away aboard a whaling ship called the Grampus. Various adventures and misadventures befall Pym, including shipwreck, mutiny, and cannibalism, before he is saved by the crew of the Jane Guy. Aboard this vessel, Pym and a sailor named Dirk Peters continue their adventures farther south. Docking on land, they encounter hostile black-skinned natives before escaping back to the ocean. The novel ends abruptly as Pym and Peters continue toward the South Pole.
The Journal of Julius Rodman, Being an Account of the First Passage across the Rocky Mountains of North America Ever Achieved by Civilized Man is an unfinished serial novel by American author Edgar Allan Poe published in 1840.
Politian (1835) is the only play known to have been written by Edgar Allan Poe, composed in 1835, but never completed.
Animal magnetism, also known as mesmerism, was the name given by German doctor Franz Mesmer in the 18th century to what he believed to be an invisible natural force (Lebensmagnetismus) possessed by all living things, including humans, animals, and vegetables. He believed that the force could have physical effects, including healing, and he tried persistently but without success to achieve scientific recognition of his ideas.
The Conchologist's First Book is an illustrated textbook on conchology issued in 1839, 1840, and 1845. The book was originally printed under Edgar Allan Poe's name. The text was based on Manual of Conchology by Thomas Wyatt, an English author and lecturer.
"The Light-House" is the unofficial title of the last work written by Edgar Allan Poe. He did not live to finish it, and had barely begun it by the time of his death in 1849.
This list of collections refers only to those printed during Poe's lifetime with his permission. Modern anthologies are not included.
American journals that Edgar Allan Poe was involved with include:
"Annabel Lee" is the last complete poem composed by American author Edgar Allan Poe. Like many of Poe's poems, it explores the theme of the death of a beautiful woman. The narrator, who fell in love with Annabel Lee when they were young, has a love for her so strong that even angels are envious. He retains his love for her even after her death. There has been debate over who, if anyone, was the inspiration for "Annabel Lee". Though many women have been suggested, Poe's wife Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe is one of the more credible candidates. Written in 1849, it was not published until shortly after Poe's death that same year.
Frances Sargent Osgood was an American poet and one of the most popular women writers during her time. Nicknamed "Fanny", she was also famous for her exchange of romantic poems with Edgar Allan Poe.
"Al Aaraaf" is an early poem by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1829. It is based on stories from the Quran, and tells of the afterlife in a place called Al Aaraaf. At 422 lines, it is Poe's longest poem.
Eureka (1848) is a lengthy non-fiction work by American author Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849) which he subtitled "A Prose Poem", though it has also been subtitled as "An Essay on the Material and Spiritual Universe". Adapted from a lecture he had presented, Eureka describes Poe's intuitive conception of the nature of the universe with no antecedent scientific work done to reach his conclusions. He also discusses man's relationship with God, whom he compares to an author. It is dedicated to the German naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859). Though it is generally considered a literary work, some of Poe's ideas anticipate 20th-century scientific discoveries and theories. Indeed, a critical analysis of the scientific content of Eureka reveals a non-causal correspondence with modern cosmology due to the assumption of an evolving Universe, but excludes the anachronistic anticipation of relativistic concepts such as black holes.
"The Mystery of Marie Rogêt", often subtitled A Sequel to "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", is a short story by Edgar Allan Poe written in 1842. This is the first murder mystery based on the details of a real crime. It first appeared in Snowden's Ladies' Companion in three installments, November and December 1842 and February 1843. Poe referred to it as one of his "tales of ratiocination".
"The Poetic Principle" is an essay by Edgar Allan Poe, written near the end of his life and published posthumously in 1850, the year after his death. It is a work of literary criticism, in which Poe presents his literary theory. It is based on a series of lectures Poe had given late in his lifetime.
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe was the wife of American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The couple were first cousins and publicly married when Virginia Clemm was 13 and Poe was 27. Biographers disagree as to the nature of the couple's relationship. Though their marriage was loving, some biographers suggest they viewed one another more like a brother and sister. In January 1842, she contracted tuberculosis, growing worse for five years until she died of the disease at the age of 24 in the family's cottage, at that time outside New York City.
"MS. Found in a Bottle" is an 1833 short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The plot follows an unnamed narrator at sea who finds himself in a series of harrowing circumstances. As he nears his own disastrous death while his ship drives ever southward, he writes an "MS.", or manuscript, telling of his adventures which he casts into the sea. Some critics believe the story was meant as a satire of typical sea tales.
The Stylus, originally intended to be named The Penn, was a would-be periodical owned and edited by Edgar Allan Poe. It had long been a dream of Poe to establish an American journal with very high standards in order to elevate the literature of the time. Despite attempts at signing up subscribers and finding financial backers and contributors, the journal never came to be.
"Tamerlane" is a poem by Edgar Allan Poe which follows a fictionalized accounting of the life of a Turkic conqueror historically known as Tamerlane. The poem was first published in the 1827 collection Tamerlane and Other Poems. That collection, with only 50 copies printed, was not credited with the author's real name but by "A Bostonian". The poem's original version was 403 lines but trimmed down to 223 lines for its inclusion in Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems.
This article lists all known poems by American author and critic Edgar Allan Poe, listed alphabetically with the date of their authorship in parentheses.
Thomas Dunn English was an American Democratic Party politician from New Jersey who represented the state's 6th congressional district in the House of Representatives from 1891 to 1895. He was also a published author and songwriter, who had a bitter feud with Edgar Allan Poe. Along with Waitman T. Barbe and Danske Dandridge, English was considered a major West Virginia poet of the late 19th century.
"Bon-Bon" is a comedic short story by Edgar Allan Poe, first published in December 1832 in the Philadelphia Saturday Courier. Originally called "The Bargain Lost", the story follows a man named Pierre Bon-Bon, who believes himself a profound philosopher, and his encounter with the Devil. The humor of the story is based on the verbal interchange between the two, which satirizes classical philosophers including Plato and Aristotle. The Devil reveals that he has eaten the souls of many of these philosophers.
The Edgar Allan Poe Cottage is the former home of American writer Edgar Allan Poe. It is located on Kingsbridge Road and the Grand Concourse in the Fordham neighborhood of the Bronx, New York, a short distance from its original location, and is now in the northern part of Poe Park.
William Henry Leonard Poe, often referred to as Henry Poe, was a sailor, amateur poet and the older brother of Edgar Allan Poe and Rosalie Poe.
"The Duc de L'Omelette" is a humorous short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. It was first published in the Philadelphia Saturday Courier on March 3, 1832, and was subsequently revised a number of times by the author.
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Edgar Allan Poe