Edgar Allan Poe bibliography

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The works of American author Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) include many poems, short stories, and one novel. His fiction spans multiple genres, including horror fiction, adventure, science fiction, and detective fiction, a genre he is credited with inventing. [1] These works are generally considered part of the Dark romanticism movement, a literary reaction to Transcendentalism. [2] Poe's writing reflects his literary theories: he disagreed with didacticism [3] and allegory. [4] Meaning in literature, he said in his criticism, should be an undercurrent just beneath the surface; works whose meanings are too obvious cease to be art. [5] Poe pursued originality in his works, and disliked proverbs. [6] He often included elements of popular pseudosciences such as phrenology [7] and physiognomy. [8] His most recurring themes deal with questions of death, including its physical signs, the effects of decomposition, concerns of premature burial, the reanimation of the dead, and mourning. [9] Though known as a masterly practitioner of Gothic fiction, Poe did not invent the genre; he was following a long-standing popular tradition. [10]

Contents

Poe's literary career began in 1827 with the release of 50 copies of Tamerlane and Other Poems credited only to "a Bostonian", a collection of early poems that received virtually no attention. [11] In December 1829, Poe released Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems in Baltimore [12] before delving into short stories for the first time with "Metzengerstein" in 1832. [13] His most successful and most widely read prose during his lifetime was "The Gold-Bug", [14] which earned him a $100 prize, the most money he received for a single work. [15] One of his most important works, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", was published in 1841 and is today considered the first modern detective story. [16] Poe called it a "tale of ratiocination". [1] Poe became a household name with the publication of "The Raven" in 1845, [17] though it was not a financial success. [18] The publishing industry at the time was a difficult career choice and much of Poe's work was written using themes specifically catered for mass market tastes. [19]

Poetry

Title
Date
First published in
Notes
"Poetry"1824Never published in Poe's lifetime [20]
"O, Tempora! O, Mores!"1825Never published in Poe's lifetimeNot authenticated, [21] attribution to Poe is likely incorrect [22]
"Tamerlane"July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Song"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"Imitation"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"A Dream"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"The Lake"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Spirits of the Dead"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Evening Star"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Dreams"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [25]
"Stanzas"July 1827Tamerlane and Other Poems [26]
"The Happiest Day"September 15, 1827The North American [24]
"To Margaret"circa 1827Never published in Poe's lifetime [27]
"Alone"1829Never published in Poe's lifetime [28]
"To Isaac Lea"circa 1829Never published in Poe's lifetime [29]
"To The River ——"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [30]
"To ——"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor PoemsBegins "The bowers whereat, in dreams..." [31]
"To ——"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor PoemsBegins "Should my early life seem..." [31]
"Romance"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"Fairy-Land"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"To Science"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [32]
"Al Aaraaf"1829Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"An Acrostic"1829Never published in Poe's lifetime [24]
"Elizabeth"1829Never published in Poe's lifetime [33]
"To Helen"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [33]
"A Paean"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The Sleeper"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The City in the Sea"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The Valley of Unrest"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"Israfel"1831Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"Enigma"February 2, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter [35]
"Fanny"May 18, 1833Baltimore Saturday Visiter [36]
"The Coliseum"October 26, 1833Baltimore Saturday Visiter [37]
"Serenade"April 20, 1833Baltimore Saturday Visiter [38]
"To One in Paradise"January 1834 Godey's Lady's Book [30]
"Hymn"April 1835 Southern Literary Messenger [39]
"To Elizabeth"September 1835Southern Literary MessengerRepublished as "To F——s S. O——d" in 1845 [33]
"May Queen Ode"circa 1836Never published in Poe's lifetime [40]
"Spiritual Song"1836Never published in Poe's lifetime [41]
"Latin Hymn"March 1836Southern Literary Messenger [42]
"Bridal Ballad"January 1837Southern Literary MessengerOriginally published as "Ballad" [43]
"To Zante"January 1837Southern Literary Messenger [32]
"The Haunted Palace"April 1839American Museum [44]
"Silence–A Sonnet"January 4, 1840Saturday Courier [45]
"Lines on Joe Locke"February 28, 1843Saturday Museum [46]
"The Conqueror Worm"January 1843 Graham's Magazine [47]
"Lenore"February 1843The Pioneer [48]
"A Campaign Song"1844Never published in Poe's lifetime [49]
"Dream-Land"June 1844Graham's Magazine [47]
"Impromptu. To Kate Carol"April 26, 1845Broadway Journal [50]
"To F——"April 1845 Broadway Journal Republished as "To Frances" in the September 6, 1845, issue of the Broadway Journal [33]
"Eulalie"July 1845 American Review: A Whig Journal [51]
"Epigram for Wall Street"January 23, 1845Evening Mirror [52]
"The Raven"February 1845American Review: A Whig Journal [53]
"The Divine Right of Kings"October 1845Graham's Magazine [54]
"A Valentine"February 21, 1846Evening MirrorOriginally published as "To Her Whose Name Is Written Below" [55]
"Beloved Physician"1847Never published in Poe's lifetimeIncomplete [56]
"Deep in Earth"1847Never published in Poe's lifetimeIncomplete [57]
"To M. L. S—— (1847)"March 13, 1847The Home Journal [33]
"Ulalume"December 1847American Whig Review [58]
"Lines on Ale"1848Never published in Poe's lifetime [59]
"To Marie Louise"March 1848Columbian Magazine [60]
"An Enigma"March 1848Union Magazine of Literature and Art [58]
"To Helen"November 1848 Sartain's Union Magazine [33]
"A Dream Within A Dream"March 31, 1849 The Flag of Our Union [58]
"Eldorado"April 21, 1849Flag of Our Union [61]
"For Annie"April 28, 1849Flag of Our Union [58]
"To My Mother"July 7, 1849Flag of Our Union [30]
"Annabel Lee"October 9, 1849New York Daily TribuneSold before Poe's death but published posthumously [62]
"The Bells"November 1849Sartain's Union MagazineSold before Poe's death but published posthumously [58]

Tales

Title
Publication date
First published in
Genre
Notes
"Metzengerstein"January 14, 1832 Philadelphia Saturday CourierHorror / SatireFirst published anonymously with the subtitle "A Tale in Imitation of the German" [13]
"The Duc de L'Omelette"March 3, 1832Philadelphia Saturday CourierHumorOriginally "The Duke of l'Omelette" [63]
"A Tale of Jerusalem"June 9, 1832Philadelphia Saturday CourierHumor [64]
"Loss of Breath"November 10, 1832Philadelphia Saturday CourierHumorOriginally "A Decided Loss" [64]
"Bon-Bon"December 1, 1832Philadelphia Saturday CourierHumorOriginally "The Bargain Lost" [64]
"MS. Found in a Bottle"October 19, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter Adventure [65]
"The Assignation"January 1834Godey's Lady's BookHorrorOriginally "The Visionary", published anonymously [66]
"Berenice"March 1835 Southern Literary Messenger Horror [39]
"Morella"April 1835Southern Literary MessengerHorror [39]
"Lionizing"May 1835Southern Literary MessengerSatireSubtitle: "A Tale" [39]
"The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall"June 1835Southern Literary MessengerAdventure [39]
"King Pest"September 1835Southern Literary MessengerHorror / HumorOriginally "King Pest the First", published anonymously [67]
"Shadow—A Parable"September 1835Southern Literary MessengerHorrorPublished anonymously [67]
"Four Beasts in One—The Homo-Cameleopard"March 1836Southern Literary MessengerHumorOriginally "Epimanes" [68]
"Mystification"June 1837American Monthly MagazineHumorOriginally "Von Jung, the Mystific" [69]
"Silence—A Fable"1838Baltimore BookHorror / FantasyOriginally "Siope—A Fable" [60]
"Ligeia"September 1838Baltimore American MuseumHorrorRepublished in the February 15, 1845, issue of the New York World, included the poem "The Conqueror Worm" as words written by Ligeia on her death-bed [70]
"How to Write a Blackwood Article"November 1838Baltimore American MuseumParodyAn introduction to "A Predicament" [71]
"A Predicament"November 1838Baltimore American MuseumParodyCompanion to "How to Write a Blackwood Article," originally "The Scythe of Time" [71]
"The Devil in the Belfry"May 18, 1839Saturday Chronicle and Mirror of the TimesHumor / Satire [72]
"The Man That Was Used Up"August 1839 Burton's Gentleman's Magazine Satire [73]
"The Fall of the House of Usher"September 1839Burton's Gentleman's MagazineHorror [74]
"William Wilson"October 1839The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present for 1840Horror [75]
"The Conversation of Eiros and Charmion"December 1839Burton's Gentleman's MagazineScience fiction [75]
"Why the Little Frenchman Wears His Hand in a Sling"1840 Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque Humor [76]
"The Business Man"February 1840Burton's Gentleman's MagazineHumorOriginally "Peter Pendulum" [75]
"The Man of the Crowd"December 1840Graham's MagazineHorror [77]
"The Murders in the Rue Morgue"April 1841 Graham's Magazine Detective fiction [16]
"A Descent into the Maelström"April 1841Graham's MagazineAdventure [76]
"The Island of the Fay"June 1841Graham's MagazineFantasy [76]
"The Colloquy of Monos and Una"August 1841Graham's MagazineScience fiction [78]
"Never Bet the Devil Your Head"September 1841Graham's MagazineSatireSubtitled "A Tale with a Moral" [79]
"Eleonora"Fall 1841The Gift for 1842Romance [80]
"Three Sundays in a Week"November 27, 1841Saturday Evening PostHumorOriginally "A Succession of Sundays" [81]
"The Oval Portrait"April 1842Graham's MagazineHorrorOriginally "Life in Death" [82]
"The Masque of the Red Death"May 1842Graham's MagazineHorrorOriginally "The Mask of the Red Death" [83]
"The Landscape Garden"October 1842Snowden's Ladies' CompanionSketchLater incorporated into "The Domain of Arnheim" [84]
"The Mystery of Marie Rogêt"November 1842, December 1842, February 1843 (serialized) [69] Snowden's Ladies' CompanionDetective fictionOriginally subtitled "A Sequel to 'The Murders in the Rue Morgue'" [85]
"The Pit and the Pendulum"1842–1843The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's PresentHorror [86]
"The Tell-Tale Heart"January 1843The PioneerHorror [87]
"The Gold-Bug"June 1843Dollar NewspaperAdventure [88]
"The Black Cat"August 19, 1843United States Saturday PostHorror [89]
"Diddling"October 14, 1843Philadelphia Saturday CourierParodyOriginally "Raising the Wind; or, Diddling Considered as One of the Exact Sciences" [90]
"The Spectacles"March 27, 1844Dollar NewspaperHumor [91]
"A Tale of the Ragged Mountains"April 1844Godey's Lady's BookScience fiction, Adventure [91]
"The Premature Burial"July 31, 1844Dollar NewspaperHorror [92]
"Mesmeric Revelation"August 1844Columbian MagazineScience fiction [93]
"The Oblong Box"September 1844Godey's Lady's BookHorror / Ratiocination [94]
"The Angel of the Odd"October 1844Columbian MagazineHumorSubtitled "An Extravaganza" [95]
"Thou Art the Man"November 1844Godey's Lady's BookDetective fiction / Satire [94]
"The Literary Life of Thingum Bob, Esq."December 1844Southern Literary MessengerHumor [94]
"The Purloined Letter"1844–1845The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's PresentDetective fiction [96]
"The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade"February 1845Godey's Lady's BookHumorMeant as a sequel to One Thousand and One Nights [97]
"Some Words with a Mummy"April 1845American Review: A Whig JournalSatire [98]
"The Power of Words"June 1845Democratic ReviewScience fiction [99]
"The Imp of the Perverse"July 1845Graham's MagazineHorror [100]
"The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether"November 1845Graham's MagazineHumor [101]
"The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar"December 1845The American ReviewHorror / Science fiction / HoaxOriginally "The Facts of M. Valdemar's Case" [102]
"The Sphinx"January 1846Arthur's Ladies MagazineSatire [103]
"The Cask of Amontillado"November 1846Godey's Lady's BookHorror [104]
"The Domain of Arnheim"March 1847Columbian Lady's and Gentleman's MagazineSketchExpansion of previous story "The Landscape Garden" [105]
"Mellonta Tauta"February 1849Godey's Lady's BookScience fiction / Hoax [106]
"Hop-Frog"March 17, 1849Flag of Our UnionHorrorSubtitled "Or, The Eight Chained Ourang-Outangs" [58]
"Von Kempelen and His Discovery"April 14, 1849Flag of Our UnionHoax / Satire [58]
"X-ing a Paragrab"May 12, 1849Flag of Our UnionHumor [107]
"Landor's Cottage"June 9, 1849Flag of Our UnionSketchOriginally "Landor's Cottage: A Pendant to 'The Domain of Arnheim'" [108]

Other works

Essays

Eureka: A Prose Poem (1848) EurekaTitle.jpg
Eureka: A Prose Poem (1848)

Novels

Plays

Other

Collections

Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827) TamerlaneAndOtherPoemsFrontCover.jpg
Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827)

This list of collections refers only to those printed during Poe's lifetime with his permission. Modern anthologies are not included.

See also

American journals that Edgar Allan Poe was involved with include:

Related Research Articles

Edgar Allan Poe 19th-century American author, poet, editor and literary critic

Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, poet, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is also generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. Poe was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.

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The City in the Sea poem written by Edgar Allan Poe

"The City in the Sea" is a poem by Edgar Allan Poe. The final version was published in 1845, but an earlier version was published as "The Doomed City" in 1831 and, later, as "The City of Sin". The poem tells the story of a city ruled by a personification of Death using common elements from Gothic fiction. The poem appeared in the Southern Literary Messenger, The American Review, the Broadway Journal, as well as in the 1850 collection The Poets and Poetry of America.

Al Aaraaf Poem by Edgar Allan Poe

"Al Aaraaf" is an early poem by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1829. It tells of the afterlife in a place called Al Aaraaf, inspired by A'raf as described in the Quran. At 422 lines, it is Poe's longest poem.

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"The Poetic Principle" is an essay by Edgar Allan Poe, written near the end of his life and published posthumously in 1850, the year after his death. It is a work of literary criticism, in which Poe presents his literary theory. It is based on a series of lectures Poe had given late in his lifetime.

Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe Wife of Edgar Allan Poe

Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe was the wife of American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The couple were first cousins and publicly married when Virginia Clemm was 13 and Poe was 27. Biographers disagree as to the nature of the couple's relationship. Though their marriage was loving, some biographers suggest they viewed one another more like a brother and sister. In January 1842, she contracted tuberculosis, growing worse for five years until she died of the disease at the age of 24 in the family's cottage, at that time outside New York City.

MS. Found in a Bottle short story

"MS. Found in a Bottle" is an 1833 short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The plot follows an unnamed narrator at sea who finds himself in a series of harrowing circumstances. As he nears his own disastrous death while his ship drives ever southward, he writes an "MS.", or manuscript, telling of his adventures which he casts into the sea. Some critics believe the story was meant as a satire of typical sea tales.

<i>The Conchologists First Book</i> book by Edgar Allan Poe

The Conchologist's First Book is an illustrated textbook on conchology issued in 1839, 1840, and 1845. The book was originally printed under Edgar Allan Poe's name. The text was based on Manual of Conchology by Thomas Wyatt, an English author and lecturer.

<i>The Stylus</i>

The Stylus, originally intended to be named The Penn, was a would-be periodical owned and edited by Edgar Allan Poe. It had long been a dream of Poe to establish an American journal with very high standards in order to elevate the literature of the time. Despite attempts at signing up subscribers and finding financial backers and contributors, the journal never came to be.

<i>Politian</i> (play) play written by Edgar Allan Poe

Politian (1835) is the only play known to have been written by Edgar Allan Poe, composed in 1835, but never completed.

The Broadway Journal was a short-lived New York City-based newspaper founded by Charles Frederick Briggs and John Bisco in 1844 and was published from January 1845 to January 1846. In its first year, the publication was bought by Edgar Allan Poe, becoming the only periodical he ever owned, though it failed after only a few months under his leadership.

"Tamerlane" is a poem by Edgar Allan Poe which follows a fictionalized accounting of the life of a Turkic conqueror historically known as Tamerlane. The poem was first published in the 1827 collection Tamerlane and Other Poems. That collection, with only 50 copies printed, was not credited with the author's real name but by "A Bostonian". The poem's original version was 403 lines but trimmed down to 223 lines for its inclusion in Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems.

This article lists all known poems by American author and critic Edgar Allan Poe, listed alphabetically with the date of their authorship in parentheses.

<i>Tamerlane and Other Poems</i> 1827 book by Edgar Allan Poe

Tamerlane and Other Poems is the first published work by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The short collection of poems was first published in 1827. Today, it is believed only 12 copies of the collection still exist.

Thomas Dunn English American state and federal politician

Thomas Dunn English was an American Democratic Party politician from New Jersey who represented the state's 6th congressional district in the House of Representatives from 1891 to 1895. He was also a published author and songwriter, who had a bitter feud with Edgar Allan Poe. Along with Waitman T. Barbe and Danske Dandridge, English was considered a major West Virginia poet of the late 19th century.

William Henry Leonard Poe, often referred to as Henry Poe, was a sailor, amateur poet and the older brother of Edgar Allan Poe and Rosalie Poe.

"The Duc de L'Omelette" is a humorous short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. It was first published in the Philadelphia Saturday Courier on March 3, 1832, and was subsequently revised a number of times by the author.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Silverman 1991 , p. 171
  2. Koster 2002 , p. 336
  3. Kagle 1990 , p. 104
  4. Poe 1847
  5. Wilbur 1967 , p. 99
  6. Hayes 2002 , pp. 445–465
  7. Hungerford 1930 , pp. 209–231
  8. Grayson 2005 , pp. 56–77
  9. Kennedy 1987 , p. 3
  10. Fisher 2002 , p. 72
  11. Meyers 1992 , pp. 33–34
  12. Sova 2001 , p. 5
  13. 1 2 Silverman 1991 , p. 88
  14. Sova 2001 , p. 97
  15. Hoffman 1998 , p. 189
  16. 1 2 Meyers 1992 , p. 123
  17. Hoffman 1998 , p. 80
  18. Krutch 1926 , p. 155
  19. Whalen 2001 , p. 67
  20. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Poetry'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  21. Hubbell 1945 , pp. 314–321
  22. Schöberlein 2017 , pp. 650-653
  23. 1 2 3 4 Sova 2001 , p. 233
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sova 2001 , p. 271
  25. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Dreams'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  26. Foye 1980 , pp. 22–23
  27. Edgar Allan Poe. "'To Margaret'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  28. Sova 2001 , p. 8
  29. Edgar Allan Poe. "'To Isaac Lea'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  30. 1 2 3 Sova 2001 , p. 240
  31. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 238
  32. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 225
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sova 2001 , p. 239
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 Sova 2001 , p. 194
  35. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Enigma'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  36. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Fanny'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  37. Edgar Allan Poe. "'The Coliseum'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  38. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Serenade'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 Quinn 1998 , p. 208
  40. Edgar Allan Poe. "'May Queen Ode'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  41. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Spiritual Song'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  42. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Spiritual Song'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  43. Sova 2001 , p. 34
  44. Silverman 1991 , p. 138
  45. Sova 2001 , p. 220
  46. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Lines on Joe Locke'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  47. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 282
  48. Silverman 1991 , p. 201
  49. Edgar Allan Poe. "'A Campaign Song'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  50. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Impromptu – To Kate Carol'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  51. Quinn 1998 , p. 480
  52. Edgar Allan Poe. "'Epigram for Wall Street'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  53. Edgar Allan Poe. "'The Raven'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  54. Edgar Allan Poe. "'The Divine Right of Kings'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  55. Sova 2001 , p. 249
  56. Meyers 1992 , p. 207
  57. Foye 1980 , p. 29
  58. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Sova 2001 , p. 285
  59. Foye 1980 , p. 30
  60. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 219
  61. Quinn 1998 , p. 605
  62. Meyers 1992 , p. 244
  63. Sova 2001 , p. 73
  64. 1 2 3 Quinn 1998 , p. 192
  65. Sova 2001 , p. 162
  66. Silverman 1991 , p. 93
  67. 1 2 Quinn 1998 , p. 230
  68. Sova 2001 , p. 90
  69. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 165
  70. Sova 2001 , p. 134
  71. 1 2 3 Sova 2001 , p. 200
  72. Sova 2001 , p. 68
  73. Quinn 1998 , p. 283
  74. Quinn 1998 , p. 284
  75. 1 2 3 Sova 2001 , p. 279
  76. 1 2 3 Sova 2001 , p. 280
  77. Quinn 1998 , p. 309
  78. Sova 2001 , p. 54
  79. Quin, 325
  80. Quinn 1998 , pp. 328–329
  81. Quinn 1998 , p. 330
  82. Quinn 1998 , pp. 330–331
  83. Quinn 1998 , p. 331
  84. Sova 2001 , p. 129
  85. Meyers 1992 , p. 134
  86. Sova 2001 , p. 188
  87. Meyers 1992 , p. 137
  88. Meyers 1992 , pp. 135–136
  89. Sova 2001 , p. 28
  90. 1 2 Sova 2001 , p. 79
  91. 1 2 Quinn 1998 , p. 400
  92. Quinn 1998 , p. 418
  93. Sova 2001 , p. 154
  94. 1 2 3 Quinn 1998 , p. 422
  95. Sova 2001 , p. 11
  96. Sova 2001 , p. 204
  97. Sova 2001 , p. 237
  98. Silverman 1991 , p. 294
  99. Sova 2001 , p. 199
  100. Silverman 1991 , p. 263
  101. Quinn 1998 , p. 469
  102. Quinn 1998 , p. 470
  103. Quinn 1998 , p. 499
  104. Meyers 1992 , p. 201
  105. Sova 2001 , p. 71
  106. Tschachler 2013 , p. 186
  107. Sova 2001 , p. 261
  108. Sova 2001 , p. 128
  109. Sova 2001 , p. 276
  110. Sova 2001 , p. 186
  111. Rosenheim 1997 , p. 19
  112. Quinn 1998 , p. 410
  113. Sova 2001 , p. 82
  114. Silverman 1991 , p. 395
  115. Meyers 1992 , pp. 95–96
  116. Sova 2001 , p. 119
  117. Schöberlein 2017 , pp. 650-653
  118. Edgar Allan Poe. "'The Light-House'". Edgar Allan Poe Society online. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  119. Silverman 1991 , p. 68
  120. Silverman 1991 , p. 153
  121. Ostram 1987 , p. 40
  122. Sova 2001 , p. 232
  123. Silverman 1991 , p. 299

Sources