Flying Squad

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The Flying Squad (also known as the Robbery Squad, Specialist Crime Directorate 7, SC&O7, SO7, and nicknamed The Sweeney, from Cockney rhyming slang "Sweeney Todd") is a branch of the Serious and Organised Crime Command within London's Metropolitan Police Service. The squad's purpose is to investigate robberies.

Contents

Formation and history

The squad was originally formed on an experimental basis by Detective Chief Inspector Frederick Wensley. In October 1919, Wensley summoned 12 detectives to Scotland Yard to form the squad. The group was initially named the Mobile Patrol Experiment and its original orders were to perform surveillance and gather intelligence on known robbers and pickpockets, using a horse-drawn carriage with covert holes cut into the canvas. [1]

In 1920, it was officially reorganised under the authority of then Commissioner Nevil Macready. Headed by Detective Inspector Walter Hambrook, the squad was composed of 12 detective officers, including Irish-born Jeremiah Lynch (1888–1953), who had earned a fearsome reputation for tracking wartime German spies and for building up the case against confidence trickster Horatio Bottomley. [1] The Mobile Patrol Experiment was given authorisation to carry out duties anywhere in the Metropolitan Police District, meaning that its officers did not have to observe Divisions, giving rise to the name of the Flying Squad because the unit operated across London without adhering to divisional policing boundaries. [2]

Throughout the 1920s, the squad was standardised and expanded, and the establishment was expanded to 40 officers, under the command of Detective Chief Inspector Fred "Nutty" Sharpe until his retirement in July 1937. In 1948, the squad was given the designation of C.O.(C.8) for Commissioner's Office Crime 8 and was augmented. By 1956 it made one thousand arrests per year for the first time. [3]

From 1978 to 1981 the name was changed to the Central Robbery Squad, but still known as the Flying Squad. It is often referred to by the nicknames the "Heavy Mob" or "the Sweeney" (rhyming slang for Flying Squad, from Sweeney Todd). [1]

This was the era in which the squad's close ties with the criminal fraternity, which had always been a necessary part of its strategy, were being exposed to public criticism. A number of scandals involving bribery and corruption were revealed, and on 7 July 1977, the squad's commander, Detective Chief Superintendent Kenneth Drury, was convicted on five counts of corruption and imprisoned for eight years. [4] Twelve other officers were also convicted and many more resigned. These and other scandals led to a massive internal investigation by the Dorset Constabulary into the Metropolitan Police Service and the City of London Police, codenamed Operation Countryman. [5]

Notable investigations

In fiction

The Flying Squad's work was dramatised in the 1970s British television series The Sweeney , and two theatrically released feature film spin-offs, Sweeney! and Sweeney 2 , starring John Thaw and Dennis Waterman. A further film adaptation, The Sweeney (starring Ray Winstone), was released in 2012. [13]

A Monty Python sketch featured "Inspector Fox of the Light Entertainment Police, Comedy Division, Special Flying Squad", and "Inspector Thompson's Gazelle of the Programme Planning Police, Light Entertainment Division, Special Flying Squad." [14]

Equipment

Flying Squad officers dress in plain civilian clothing. Officers carry firearms, most commonly the Glock 17 pistol. When in covert operations with civilian clothing, they conceal the sidearm in a belt holster or shoulder holster.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Metropolitan Police Service – History of the Metropolitan Police Service". Met.police.uk. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  2. "UK | Flying Squad: The Sweeney's changing face". BBC News. 10 November 2000. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  3. "Metropolitan Police History – timeline 1950–69". Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  4. "Cheers to you, Ludovic Kennedy: Simon Heffer on a genial study of the late broadcaster's work to expose police corruption and miscarriages of justice". Daily Telegraph . London. 25 February 2017. p. 28.
  5. Andrew Walker. The Sweeney's proud history, BBC, 17 May 2004
  6. Fish, Donald. Air-Line Detective. The Sunday Times, 18 September 1960, pages 21/22 Magazine Section
  7. Kirby, Dick. The Sweeney. Barnsley, Pen & Sword Books, 2011. ISBN   978-1-84884-390-5
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 "Metropolitan Police Service – Specialist Crime Directorate". Met.police.uk. Archived from the original on 10 January 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  9. "Flying Squad: The Sweeney's changing face". BBC News. 10 November 2000. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  10. Kirby, Terry (18 August 1993). "Detective shot during chase after van robbery: Automatic weapon fired at surveillance team". The Independent . Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  11. 1 2 "Armed robbers get 18 years for machinegun attack on police"". The Independent . 3 June 1994. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  12. Batty, David (13 September 2007). "Two robbers shot dead in failed bank raid". The Guardian . Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  13. Screendaily.com: The Sweeney
  14. Flying Fox of the Yard