French ship Scipion (1779)

Last updated

Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5096.jpg
Scipion raking HMS London during the action of 18 October 1782.
History
Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830).svg France
Name:Scipion
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Ran aground 1782
General characteristics
Class and type: Scipion-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,500 tonnes
Length: 53.8 m (177 ft)
Beam: 14.1 m (46 ft)
Draught: 7.3 m (24 ft)
Propulsion: Sails
Armament: 74 to 78 guns of various weights of shot

Scipion was a French warship of the 18th century, lead ship of her class. It was completed in 1779.

Accounts cited that it was one of the three new naval vessels - along with Hercule (1798) and Pluton (1778) - built by the French that was so top-heavy, they nearly capsized. [1] [2] To correct Scipion's problem, a stowage was altered and a ballast replaced a part of the water supply. [3] These remedies, however, failed [3] so the French had to shorten the mast to make it seaworthy. [1]

Scipion took part in the American War of Independence, notably sailing at the rear of the French squadron at the Battle of the Chesapeake under Antoine Pierre de Clavel. [4] [5] [6]

18 October 1782, Scipion fires a broadside from her starboard side into Torbay and London Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5095c.jpg
18 October 1782, Scipion fires a broadside from her starboard side into Torbay and London

In the action of 18 October 1782, under Captain Nicolas Henri de Grimouard, Scipion fought gallantly against two British ships of the line of 90 and 74 guns. Through good sailmanship, she managed to damage HMS London and escape, but was destroyed the next day after she was chased and ran aground.

Sources and references

Citations

  1. 1 2 Dull, Jonathan R. (1975). The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774-1787. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 146. ISBN   9781400868131.
  2. Morton, Brian N.; Spinelli, Donald C. (2003). Beaumarchais and the American Revolution. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. p. 231. ISBN   0739104683.
  3. 1 2 Reed, Edward James (2011). A Treatise on the Stability of Ships. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 222. ISBN   9781108026437.
  4. Lacour-Gayet (1910), p. 648.
  5. Contenson (1934), p. 159.
  6. Troude (1867), p. 140.

References



Related Research Articles

French ship <i>Triomphant</i> (1779)

Triomphant was an 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

The Bourgogne was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy. She was funded by a don des vaisseaux donation from the Estates of Bourgogne. She was commissioned in 1772, and served in the squadron of the Mediterranean, with a refit in 1775, and another in 1778.

Nicolas Henri de Grimouard French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Nicolas Henri René de Grimouard was an officer in the French Navy. He served in the War of American Independence, and became a member of the Society of the Cincinnati.

Antoine Pierre de Clavel French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Antoine Pierre de Clavel was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Pierre-Joseph de Castellan was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Claude-François Renart dAmblimont French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Claude-Marguerite Renart de Fuchsamberg d'Amblimont was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Armand Le Gardeur de Tilly was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Pierre de Roquefeuil-Montpeyroux French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Pierre de Roquefeuil-Montpeyroux was a French Navy officer. He served during the War of American Independence.

Jean-François d'Arros d'Argelos was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence. D'Arros Island was named in his honour.

Claude Mithon de Genouilly French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Claude Mithon de Senneville de Genouilly was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Louis Augustin de Monteclerc was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Charles-Marie de La Grandière French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Charles-Marie de La Grandière was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence.

Joseph François Auguste Jules d'Albert de Saint-Hippolyte was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence, earning membership in the Society of the Cincinnati.

Louis-Toussaint Champion de Cicé was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence, earning membership in the Society of the Cincinnati.

François-Aymar de Monteil was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence, earning membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. He was also a member and director of the Académie de Marine.

Louis Guillaume de Parscau du Plessix French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Louis Guillaume de Parscau du Plessix was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence, earning membership in the Society of the Cincinnati.

Charles-René de Gras-Préville French Navy officer of the War of American Independence

Charles-René de Gras-Préville was a French Navy officer. He served in the War of American Independence, earning membership in the Society of the Cincinnati.

Indien was a 64-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, lead ship of her class. Originally built for the French East India Company, she was purchased by the Navy and saw service during the War of American Independence

Actionnaire was a 64-gun ship of the line of the French Navy. Originally built for the French East India Company, she was purchased by the Navy and saw service during the War of American Independence

French ship <i>Triton</i> (1747)

Triton was a 64-gun ship of the line of the French Navy designed by François Coulomb the Younger. She took part in the Seven Years' War and in the War of American Independence.