George Dawson (boxer)

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George Dawson
Weight(s) Lightweight
Height5 ft 7 12 in (1.71 m)
Reach68 in (173 cm)
Born(1867-10-07)7 October 1867
Dark Corner, New South Wales

George Dawson was a 19th-century Lightweight Bare-knuckle boxing champion, said to have developed the Kidney punch. [1] [2]

Bare-knuckle boxing subclass of boxing

Bare-knuckle boxing is the original form of boxing, closely related to ancient combat sports. It involves two individuals fighting without boxing gloves or other padding on their hands.


Early life

Dawson was born on 7 October 1867 in the village of Dark Corner, New South Wales during the Australian Gold Rush. [3] His parents George and Elizabeth had immigrated from Wrawby, England on the ship Emperor in 1851 to join the Australian gold rushes.

Dark Corner, New South Wales Village in New South Wales, Australia

Dark Corner is a locality in the central west of New South Wales, Australia and former mining area located between Lithgow and Bathurst just north of the Great Western Highway. In the 2016 census, it recorded a population of 17 people.

Wrawby village in United Kingdom

Wrawby is a village in North Lincolnshire, England. It lies 2 miles (3 km) east of Brigg and close to Humberside Airport, on the A18. The 2001 Census recorded a village population of 1,293, in around 600 homes, which increased to 1,469 at the 2011 census. Wrawby is noted for its postmill.

Following the deaths of his parents through his childhood, he had itinerant employment through New South Wales, until a chance meeting with a boxing trainer, who encouraged him to try the sport.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australian career

His height was 5 ft 7½ in (1.71 m), weight 125-140 lbs [4] and had a reach of 68 in (173 cm) [5] He won the Lightweight championship of Queensland in 1887 and Lightweight Championship of Australia 1889-1891.

Pound (mass) unit of mass in imperial, US customary, and avoirdupois systems of units

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement. Various definitions have been used; the most common today is the international avoirdupois pound, which is legally defined as exactly 0.45359237 kilograms, and which is divided into 16 avoirdupois ounces. The international standard symbol for the avoirdupois pound is lb; an alternative symbol is lbm, #, and or ″̶.

Queensland North-east state of Australia

Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).

American career

He immigrated to the United States in 1892 [6] [7] arriving in San Francisco on the steamer, Alameda.

San Francisco Consolidated city-county in California, United States

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, and the fourth-most populous in California, with 884,363 residents as of 2017. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km2), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, and the fifth-most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is also part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area.

His professional career included:

Total rounds boxed 292 [8] and included bouts with:

Later life

He took a job as a boxing trainer at the University of Chicago. There he married Adele Abbot, a proof reader at a printing company on 28 June 1905 in Cook County, Illinois, and they had two children, a son John H. (born 1908) and a daughter Elizabeth (born 1909). [12]

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  1. Rochelle Llewelyn Nicholls, Joe Quinn Among the Rowdies: The Life of Baseball's Honest Australian (McFarland, 2014) page 129.
  2. "Solar-Plexus", Kidney Punch Was Invented By George Dawson. "The Boxer and Wrestler" c1935.
  3. Windsor and Richmond Gazette Friday 19 May 1916 page 12.
  4. George Dawson at The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia -- Old Timer.
  5. George Dawson at
  6. Milwaukee Journal 7 October 1914 page 10.
  7. Windsor and Richmond Gazette Saturday 23 April 1892 page 3.
  8. George Dawson at
  9. Rochelle Llewelyn Nicholls, Joe Quinn Among the Rowdies: The Life of Baseball's Honest Australian (McFarland, 13 Oct 2014 ). page 129.
  10. Barrier Miner Thursday 28 July 1892 page 4.
  11. Windsor and Richmond Gazette, Saturday 7 November 1891 page 8.
  12. George Dawson genealogy.