Georgia State Patrol

Last updated
Georgia State Patrol
GA - State Patrol.png
GA - Trooper Badge.png
AbbreviationGSP
MottoTrust, Fortitude, Compassion, Professionalism
Agency overview
Formed1937
Employees1,268 (as of 2004) [1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionGeorgia, United States
GA - Troop Map.png
Georgia State Patrol Troop Map
Size59,425 square miles (153,910 km2)
Population10.62 million (2019 est.) [2]
Legal jurisdictionStatewide
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia
Troopers845 (as of June 2016) [1]
Civilian employees412 (as of 2004) [1]
Agency executives
Parent agency Georgia Department of Public Safety
Troops10
Facilities
Posts52
Website
Official Site

The Georgia State Patrol (GSP) was established in March 1937 in the U.S. state of Georgia and is a division of the Georgia Department of Public Safety. GSP troopers investigate traffic crashes and enforce traffic and criminal laws on the state's roads. [3]

Contents

History

The Department of Public Safety was created as Georgia citizens complained about increased traffic fatalities, crime, and a need for a larger law enforcement agency with statewide arrest powers. Georgia lawmakers decided to create the State Patrol. In 1937, Governor E.D. Rivers appointed Philip H. Brewster, Sr. as its first permanent commissioner. That summer the first Trooper School was held at Georgia Tech. Eighty troopers graduated the first year. To date, the Georgia State Patrol has graduated 106 Trooper Schools. [3]

Rank structure

TitleInsignia
Colonel (Commissioner)
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Lieutenant Colonel (Deputy Commissioner)
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Major (Area Commander)
US-O4 insignia.svg
Captain (Region Commander)
US-O3 insignia.svg
Lieutenant (Watch Commander)
US-O2 insignia.svg
Sergeant First Class (Post Chief)
GSP Sergeant First Class.png
Sergeant (Post Chief)
GSP Sergeant.png
Corporal
GSP Corporal.png
Trooper First Class No insignia
Trooper No insignia

Patrol troops and posts

Other divisions of the Georgia DPS

Capitol Police

Officers with the Capitol Police Division investigate criminal incidents and traffic crashes; manage street closures for events; patrol the streets on Capitol Square and those adjacent to other state buildings; provide courtroom security for Georgia's Supreme Court and Court of Appeals; conduct security assessments and surveillance detection; and deliver personal safety training for state employees and others.

Executive Security

The Executive Security Division is, by law, responsible for two distinct functions: executive security and executive protection.

Executive Security The Executive Security Unit provides facility security for the Governor's Mansion and provides personal security for the residents.

Executive Protection Operating under a lieutenant colonel, this unit provides continual security for the governor, lieutenant governor, the speaker of the House, and the chief justice of the Georgia Supreme Court, and their families. As of February 2019, the lieutenant colonel is Tommy Waldrop.

Motor Carrier Compliance

The Motor Carrier Compliance Division (MCCD) performs driver and vehicle inspections of commercial motor vehicles at roadsides, inspection stations, and at carriers' terminals. The inspections range from "full" vehicle and driver inspections—which include mechanical components—to "driver only" inspections. These may also include inspections of vehicles transporting hazardous materials.

This division consists of the following units and programs:

Equipment

Current equipment

Previously issued equipment

Vehicles

The GSP currently use Dodge Chargers and are painted in the blue and gray scheme (they also have cars in black or grey). When these cars are retired, they remain in their scheme unlike the Florida Highway Patrol that paints the tan part of their vehicles before being auctioned off to the public. Former units were Chevrolet Caprice, Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, Pontiac LeMans, BMW 528i (one still kept by the state), Ford Mustang and Ford Thunderbird.

Fallen officers

Since the establishment of the Georgia State Patrol, 26 officers have died in the line of duty. [10]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 USDOJ Statistics Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2008-12-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 2007 Population Estimates
  3. 1 2 "History | Georgia Department of Public Safety". Dps.georgia.gov. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  4. "Aviation". Georgia Department of Public Safety. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  5. "Peach State Protectors: The Georgia State Patrol's Glock 43". 10 March 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Bridging the .45 GAP". 26 April 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  8. "F/T - Glock 22 "Georgia State Patrol"". Forum.gon.com. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Georgia State Patrol, GA". The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP). Retrieved 26 March 2019.