Golden Gate Ferry Company

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Golden Gate Ferry Company was a private company which operated automobile ferries between San Francisco, Berkeley and Sausalito before the opening of the Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge. [1] The company was incorporated in November of 1920. The ferry went bankrupt at the completion of the Golden Gate Bridge, but with the start of World War 2 the demand for service was so great it started again. Ferry service started just one year after closing to ferry shipyard workers to the Marinship and Kaiser Shipyards shipyard in San Francisco. But after the war, service was discontinued again. [2] In early 1929, the Golden Gate Ferry Company merged with the ferry system of the Southern Pacific railroad, becoming the Southern Pacific-Golden Gate Ferries, Ltd. [3]

Contents

Sausalito ferry

Steam trains at Sausalito Terminal, photo dated May 1891 Train station (2018-0885).tif
Steam trains at Sausalito Terminal, photo dated May 1891
The Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito-San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941. (Pictured in San Francisco in 2008) Eureka (steam ferryboat, San Francisco).JPG
The Eureka, then the largest double-ended ferryboat in the world, carried passenger and automobile traffic on the Sausalito–San Francisco run from 1922 to 1941. (Pictured in San Francisco in 2008)

The Madden and Lewis Company owned the Sausalito side of the Golden Gate Ferry Company that ran before the completion of the Golden Gate Bridge, the ferry was run by the North Pacific Coast Railroad. The site of the Sausalito side of the Golden Gate Ferry Company became the Sausalito Yacht Club and the current Sausalito Ferry Terminal of the Sausalito Ferry run by the Golden Gate Ferry that began service in 1970. Sausalito Ferry Terminal The station is served by Golden Gate Ferry and Blue & Gold Fleet ferries and the Golden Gate Transit and Marin Transit bus routes. In 1868 Sausalito Land and Ferry Company began running ferries between Sausalito and San Francisco. which purchased the service in 1875. Pedestrian ferries service ended on February 28, 1941 and car ferry service stopped in March. [4] [5] [6] [7] [5] Golden Gate Ferries began service to San Francisco along with the a new bus services to the ferry terminal on On August 15, 1970. A new dock was built in 1996. [8]

Berkeley ferry

In 1926, the Golden Gate Ferry Company began construction of the Berkeley Pier. It was built out from the foot of University Avenue, extending about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) into the Bay (measured from the original shoreline). On June 16, 1927, auto ferry service began [9] [10] [11] [12] between the Berkeley Pier and the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco, a pier shared with the Sausalito ferry. [13] At the beginning of service, before the merger with SP, four specially-built diesel ferry boats ran every 15 minutes between Berkeley and San Francisco via the pier: The Golden Bear, the Golden Poppy, the Golden State, and the Golden Dawn, all painted yellow. [14] Over the years, other ferries owned by the company were occasionally employed. Upon merging with the SP, the boats were all re-painted in the standard Southern Pacific maritime white.

Between 1926 and 1937, the Pier served as an integral part of the Lincoln Highway (the first road across America), and then subsequently U.S. Route 40. A two-lane road ran the entire length to a ferry dock at the end of the pier. The ferry line shut down on October 16, 1937, [15] 11 months after the Bay Bridge opened to auto traffic.

Ferryboats

In 1938, the Golden Poppy was sent to Washington state where it was renamed Chetzemoka and continued in service until 1973. In 1977, it sank in heavy seas as it was being towed back to San Francisco Bay. [16] The Golden State was also sent to Washington state and renamed Kehloken. It was in service until 1979 when it was burned in a fire that spread from the pier it was moored to. [17] The Golden Bear was damaged off the coast of Oregon while being towed to Washington state in 1937 and subsequently salvaged for parts. The Golden Dawn was simply retired in 1937, presumably for scrap. [18]

See also

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Northwestern Pacific Railroad interurban lines Railway lines in Marin County, California, 1903-1941

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References

  1. San Francisco Bay Ferryboats, by George H. Harlan, Howell-North Books (1967).
  2. Public Utilities Reports, 1921, p.525
  3. Red Trains in the East Bay, by Robert Ford, pp.174-79, Interurbans Publications, 1977
  4. "History of Sausalito". Sausalito.com. Sausalito.com & California Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  5. 1 2 "History of Golden Gate Ferry Service". Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  6. Stindt, Fred. Kelseyville and Modesto (1982) [1964]. The Northwestern Pacific Railroad: Redwood Empire Route. Dunscomb Press. pp. 88–89. Library of Congress Catalog No.64-24033.
  7. THE DAY THE FERRIES STOPPED sausalitohistoricalsociety.com
  8. Prado, Mark (30 May 2017). "Sausalito ferry landing revisions approved as city balks". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  9. Fourth Annual Report of the City Manager, 1926-27, City of Berkeley, p.16
  10. Berkeley Daily Gazette, May 7, 1927
  11. Berkeley Daily Gazette, May 27, 1927
  12. Berkeley Daily Gazette, June 16, 1927
  13. http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAC-2256.jpg
  14. Berkeley Daily Gazette, June 17, 1927
  15. Red Trains in the East Bay, by Robert Ford, p.201, Interurbans Publications, 1977.
  16. The M/V Chetzemoka
  17. The M/V Kehloken, Then and Now, 2012
  18. Ferry Histories