Hamburg Chamber of Commerce

Last updated
Hamburg Chamber of Commerce
Handelskammer Hamburg
Formation19 January 1665;355 years ago (1665-01-19)
Type chamber of commerce
Legal status K. d. ö. R.
Location
  • Adolphsplatz 1
    20457 Hamburg, Germany
Coordinates 53°32′59″N9°59′27″E / 53.54972°N 9.99083°E / 53.54972; 9.99083 Coordinates: 53°32′59″N9°59′27″E / 53.54972°N 9.99083°E / 53.54972; 9.99083
Region served
Flag of Hamburg.svg  Hamburg
Membership (2015)
150,000
Official language
German
President
Norbert Aust
Subsidiaries Commerzbibliothek
Hamburg School of Business Administration (HSBA)
Staff
288
Website Official website
The chamber's main building (2006) Chamber of commerce Hamburg Germany.JPG
The chamber's main building (2006)
Floor of the Hamburg Stock Exchange (Borse), inside the Chamber of Commerce. Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078953-0017, Hamburg, Borse.jpg
Floor of the Hamburg Stock Exchange (Börse), inside the Chamber of Commerce.

The Hamburg Chamber of Commerce (Handelskammer Hamburg), originally named the Commercial Deputation (Commerz-Deputation), is the chamber of commerce for the city state of Hamburg, and was founded in 1665. Hamburg has for centuries been a commercial centre of Northern Europe, and the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce currently has 160,000 companies as its members. It was traditionally one of the three main political bodies of Hamburg.

Contents

Role

The chamber has several official responsibilities. The Hamburg Stock Exchange (founded in 1558) is owned by and subordinate to the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce. The chamber has its offices in the old stock exchange building. [1]

The Commercial Deputation, founded in 1665, originally consisted of seven members, elected among the city's "honourable merchants." Each member became President of the Commercial Deputation during his last year in office. The Commercial Deputation was officially recognised by the Hamburg council (senate) in 1674 as the representation of the city's merchants. From 1710, all the seven members of the Commercial Deputation were also ex officio members of the Erbgesessene Bürgerschaft (the Hamburg Parliament). The Commercial Deputation was, along with council/senate and Bürgerschaft, one of the most important political bodies of Hamburg.

In 1735, the Commerzbibliothek (Library of Commerce) was founded, and is the oldest library of its kind. In 1867, the Commercial Deputation was transformed into the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce.

Since 2004 the Chamber of Commerce organizes the bi-annual Hamburg Summit: China meets Europe.

Presidents of the Hamburg Commercial Deputation and Chamber of Commerce since 1665

Ludwig Erdwin Seyler, an influential politician in Hamburg during the Napoleonic Wars who served as a member of the Commercial Deputation from 1813 and as its President 1817-1818 Ludwig Erdwin Seyler (1758-1836).jpg
Ludwig Erdwin Seyler, an influential politician in Hamburg during the Napoleonic Wars who served as a member of the Commercial Deputation from 1813 and as its President 1817–1818
  • Michael Heusch (January 1665-February 1667)
  • Daniel Le Conte (February 1667–March 1668)
  • Hinrich Busch (March 1668–February 1669)
  • Johan Gull (Guhl, Guhle) (February 1669–November 1671)
  • Frans von Bremen (November 1671–April 1674)
  • Frans Schloyer (April 1674–August 1675)
  • Barthold Jencquel (August 1675–September 1676)
  • Johan Jacob von Huebner (September 1676–February 1678)
  • Frans de la Camp (February 1678–March 1678)
  • Hinrich Witte (March 1678–April 1679)
  • Simon Fock (April 1679–March 1681)
  • Johan Cordes (March 1681–December 1683)
  • Jochim Jarchau (January 1684–April 1686)
  • Hinrich de Dobbeler (September 1686–May 1687)
  • Peter Burmester (May 1687–May 1689)
  • Hinrich Kronenburg (May 1689–May 1690 )
  • Herman Harbart (May 1690–May 1691)
  • Herman Krochman (May 1691–May 1692)
  • Adrian Boon (May 1692–May 1693)
  • Paul (Rudolfs) Amsinck (May 1693–May 1694)
  • Walter Beckhoff (May 1694–July 1695)
  • Hinrich von Som (Sum) (July 1695–May 1696 )
  • Jacob Brommer (May 1696–September 1696)
  • Johan Schulte (October 1696–May 1697)
  • Thomas Dreyer (May 1697–May 1699)
  • Hermann Luis (May 1699–September 1700)
  • Hans Hinrich von Dort (September 1700–March 1702)
  • Jacob Greve (March 1702–August 1703)
  • Johan Wischoff (August 1703–June 1704)
  • Michael Wilckens (June 1704–June 1705)
  • Joris Tamm (June 1705–June 1706)
  • David Geismer (June 1706–June 1707)
  • Hinrich Peter Kentzler (June 1707–June 1708)
  • Adam Hübener (June 1708–June 1709)
  • Joachim Boetefeur (June 1709–July 1710)
  • Jürgen Greve (July 1710–October 1711)
  • Matthias Schmid (October 1711–July 1712)
  • Gerd Sops (July 1712–March 1713)
  • Jacob Vockmann (March 1713–April 1714)
  • Joh. Adrian Boon (April 1714–March 1715)
  • Georg Jencquel (March 1715–May 1716)
  • Frans Mente (May 1716–June 1717)
  • Gerd Burmester (June 1717–June 1718)
  • Johan Caspar Weber (June 1718–June 1719)
  • Lorenz Thiele (June 1719–June 1720)
  • Hinrich Thorlade (June 1720–June 1721)
  • Jacob Martens (June 1721–August 1722)
  • Johann Berenberg (August 1722–September 1723)
  • David Doormann (September 1723–October 1724)
  • Philipp Boon (October 1724–December 1725)
  • Hinrich Jencquel (December 1725–September 1726)
  • Albert Schulte (September 1726–June 1727)
  • Andreas Beckhoff (June 1727–September 1728)
  • Rudolf Bereberg (October 1728–December 1729)
  • Raetje Richters (December 1729–December 1730)
  • Otto Hinrich (December 1730–January 1732)
  • Nicolaus Jante (January 1732–March 1733)
  • Johann Glöde (March 1733–April 1734)
  • Rodrigo Voss (April 1734–March 1735)
  • Peter Voigt (March 1735–February 1736)
  • Johan Ludewig Hübener (February 1736–June 1737)
  • Johan Diederich Beckhoff (June 1737–May 1738)
  • Peter Greve (May 1738–September 1738)
  • Johan Diederich Cordes (September 1738–August 1739)
  • Bartold Schlebusch (August 1739–July 1740)
  • Christian Hollmer (July 1740–August 1741)
  • Hieronymus Burmester (August 1741–April 1742)
  • Paul Paulsen (April 1742–April 1743)
  • Rudolph Kentzler (April 1743–May 1744)
  • Johann Arnold Ellermann (May 1744–May 1745)
  • Rudolph Michael Ridel (May 1745–March 1746)
  • Samuel Diederich Mutzenbecher (March 1746–April 1747)
  • Cornelius Jacob Berenberg (April 1747–August 1748)
  • David Friedrich Klug (August 1748–July 1749)
  • Simon Tamm (July 1749–May 1750)
  • Johann Hinrich Martens (May 1750–September 1751)
  • Paridom Colldorf (September 1751–June 1752)
  • Johann Georg Poppe (June 1752–November 1753)
  • Johann Paul Dimpfel (November 1753–December 1754)
  • Heinrich Hancker (December 1754–November 1755)
  • Caspar Voght (November 1755–November 1756)
  • Hieronymus Matthiessen (November 1756–October 1757)
  • Jacob Jencquel (October 1757–April 1758)
  • Frantz Nicolaus Lütjens (April 1758–May 1759)
  • Jürgen Schultz (May 1759–May 1760)
  • Paul Berenberg (May 1760–June 1761)
  • Gotthelf Bagge (June 1761–January 1763)
  • Johann Hinrich Dimpfel (January 1763–January 1764)
  • Hinrich Christoph Lienau (January 1764–February 1765)
  • Andreas Schütt (February 1765–February 1766)
  • Frans Poppe (February 1766–February 1767)
  • Johann Gottlieb Gerhard (February 1767–March 1768)
  • Johann Conrad Klinck (April 1768–March 1769)
  • Johann Friederich Tonnies (March 1769–April 1770)
  • Johannes Schuback (May 1770–May 1771)
  • Nicolaus Anton Johann Kirchhoff (May 1771–July 1772)
  • Paridom Daniel Kern (July 1772–July 1773)
  • Georg Heinrich Eimbcke (July 1773–June 1774)
  • Johann Jacob Böhl (July 1774–March 1775)
  • Hinrich Petersen (March 1775–March 1776)
  • Johann Siegmund Westphalen (March 1776–March 1777)
  • Jürgen von Spreckelsen (March 1777–April 1778)
  • Friedrich Justus (April 1778–March 1779)
  • Johann Ludewig Wibel (March 1779–April 1780)
  • Johann Bernhard Paschen (May 1780–September 1781)
  • Johann Gerhard Greve (September 1781–September 1782)
  • Franz Lorenz Gries (September 1782–August 1783)
  • Martin Hieronymus Ohmann (August 1783–August 1784)
  • Johann Daniel Klefeker (August 1784–July 1785)
  • Christian Matthias Schröder (July 1785–July 1786)
  • Frans Klefeker (July 1786–August 1787)
  • Johann Gabe (August 1787–February 1789)
  • Johann Ludewig Barthold Heise (February 1789–March 1790)
  • Hinrich Claus Sonntag (April 1790–February 1791)
  • Georg Heinrich Sieveking (February 1791–March 1792)
  • Johann Daniel Koch (March 1792–April 1793)
  • Johann Diederich Luis (April 1793–March 1794)

Related Research Articles

Commercial Revolution revolution

The Commercial Revolution consisted of the creation of a European economy based on trade, which began in the 11th century and lasted until it was succeeded by the Industrial Revolution in the mid-18th century. Beginning with the Crusades, Europeans rediscovered spices, silks, and other commodities rare in Europe. This development created a new desire for trade, and trade expanded in the second half of the Middle Ages. Newly forming European states, through voyages of discovery, were looking for alternative trade routes in the 15th and 16th centuries, which allowed the European powers to build vast, new international trade networks. Nations also sought new sources of wealth and practiced mercantilism and colonialism. The Commercial Revolution is marked by an increase in general commerce, and in the growth of financial services such as banking, insurance and investing.

Bremen (state) State in Germany

Bremen, officially the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states. It is informally called Land Bremen, although this is sometimes used in official contexts. The state consists of the city of Bremen as well as the exclave city of Bremerhaven in Northern Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony.

Chamber of commerce Organization for the promotion of business interests

A chamber of commerce is a form of business network, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses. Business owners in towns and cities form these local societies to advocate on behalf of the business community. Local businesses are members, and they elect a board of directors or executive council to set policy for the chamber. The board or council then hires a President, CEO or Executive Director, plus staffing appropriate to size, to run the organization.

Company of Merchant Adventurers of London chartered company

The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London was a trading company founded in the City of London in the early 15th century. It brought together leading merchants in a regulated company in the nature of a guild. Its members' main business was exporting cloth, especially white (undyed) broadcloth, in return for a large range of foreign goods.

The government of Hamburg is divided into executive, legislative and judicial branches. Hamburg is a city-state and municipality, and thus its governance deals with several details of both state and local community politics. It takes place in two ranks – a citywide and state administration, and a local rank for the boroughs. The head of the city-state's government is the First Mayor and President of the Senate. A ministry is called Behörde (office) and a state minister is a Senator in Hamburg. The legislature is the state parliament, called Hamburgische Bürgerschaft, and the judicial branch is composed of the state supreme court and other courts. The seat of the government is Hamburg Rathaus. The President of the Hamburg Parliament is the highest official person of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. This is a traditional difference to the other German states. The president is not allowed to exert any occupation of the executive.

Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York Chamber of Commerce in New York City

The New York Chamber of Commerce, founded in 1768 by twenty New York City merchants, was the first commercial organization of its kind in the United States. Attracting the participation of a number of New York's most influential business leaders, such as John Jacob Astor, Peter Cooper, and J. Pierpont Morgan, its members were instrumental in the realization of several key initiatives in the region – including the Erie Canal, the Atlantic cable, and the New York City Transit Authority. The Chamber of Commerce survives today as the Partnership for New York City, which was formed from the 2002 merger of the New York Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the New York City Partnership.

Hamburg Parliament Parliament of the state and city of Hamburg, Germany

The Hamburg Parliament is the unicameral legislature of the German state of Hamburg according to the constitution of Hamburg. As of 2011 there were 121 members in the parliament, representing a relatively equal amount of constituencies. The parliament is situated in the city hall Hamburg Rathaus and part of the Government of Hamburg.

Portuguese Jewish community in Hamburg aspect of history

From about 1590 on, there had been a Portuguese Jewish community in Hamburg, whose qehilla existed until its compulsory merger with the Ashkenazi congregation in July 1939. The first Sephardic settlers were Portuguese Marranos, who had fled their country under Philip II and Philip III, at first concealing their religion in their new place of residence. Many of them had emigrated from Spain in the belief that they had found refuge in Portugal.

Rudolph Crasemann German businessman (1841-1929)

Gustav August Rudolph Crasemann was a Hamburg businessman and parliamentarian.

Berenberg Bank company

Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. KG, commonly known as Berenberg Bank and also branded as simply Berenberg, is a Hamburg-based multinational full-service investment bank.

Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce is a German 'chamber,' similar to an English guild but is required under German law and provides political influence of a trade union. This organization was formerly known as the Deutscher Industrie- und Handelstag or DIHT.

Johannes Versmann German lawyer and politician (1820-1899)

Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann was a German lawyer and politician. He was the first president of the new Bürgerschaft of Hamburg in 1859 and dominated the politics of the Hanseatic state as first or second mayor between 1887 and 1899.

Ludwig Erdwin Seyler Hamburg banker (1758-1836)

Ludwig Erdwin Seyler was a Hamburg banker, merchant and politician. He was by marriage a member of the Hanseatic Berenberg banking dynasty, and was a partner in the Hamburg firm Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. for 48 years (1788–1836), for 46 years as the company's senior partner. The "Co." part of the company name refers to him. Seyler was one of the first merchants and bankers from modern Germany to establish trade relations with the United States and East Asia. He served as a member of the government of Hamburg during the Napoleonic Wars and later as the President of the Commercial Deputation, one of the city-state's main political bodies, and as a member of the Hamburg Parliament. Ludwig Seyler was a son of the Swiss-born theatre director Abel Seyler and a son-in-law of the bankers Johann Hinrich Gossler and Elisabeth Berenberg through his marriage to their eldest daughter Anna Henriette Gossler.

Trieste Commodity Exchange

The Trieste Commodity Exchange was founded in 1755 by Empress Maria Theresa. It is one of the oldest commodity exchanges in the world.

Schütting (Bremen) building in Bremen, Germany

The Schütting, situated on the Marktplatz in Bremen, Germany, initially served the city's merchants and tradesmen as a guild house. In 1849, it became Bremen's chamber of commerce. Since 1973, it has been under monument protection. It lies on the south site of the Bremen marketplaces directly across from the town hall.

The Bremen Exchange in Bremen was one of the eight German Regional stock exchanges until 2007. In 2000 it ceased to use the Open outcry method and in 2007 the last operative units were closed. The property of exchange's holding company went to the newly established Foundation of the Bremen Stock Exchange, a non-profit organisation which is intended to benefit scholarship, research, and culture.

Robert Kayser was a Hamburg industrialist and banker.

Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer German journalist, politician and lawyer (1808-1887)

Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer was a Jurist, Journalist and Natural history researcher. His zoological publications are considered to be a significant contribution to knowledge of hydroids and bryozoans.

The accession of the city state of Hamburg to the Customs Union in 1888 was the culmination of a project for the economic and monetary union of Germany, stretching back to 1819. In that year Schwarzburg-Sondershausen joined Prussia’s internal customs union, the first other state to do so and the first of many to follow.

Carl Merck German politician (1809-1880)

Carl Hermann Merck was one of the leading Hamburg statesmen of the 19th century, holding the office of Syndicus from 1847 until his death in 1880.

References

  1. Leitbild der Handelskammer Hamburg www.hk24.de [ permanent dead link ] (PDF) (in German)