Intermunicipal communities of Portugal

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Map of intermunicipal communities, metropolitan areas, and autonomous communities of Portugal Comunidades intermunicipais.png
Map of intermunicipal communities, metropolitan areas, and autonomous communities of Portugal

The intermunicipal community (Portuguese : comunidade intermunicipal) is a type of administrative division in Portugal . Since the 2013 local government reform, there are 21 intermunicipal communities. [1] They replaced the urban communities, the intermunicipal communities for general purposes and some metropolitan areas that were created in 2003, [2] [3] [4] and abolished in 2008. [5] [2] The territories of the intermunicipal communities are the basis of the NUTS III statistical regions.

The branches of administration of the intermunicipal community are the intermunicipal assembly, the intermunicipal council, the intermunicipal executive secretariat and the strategic board for intermunicipal development. The intermunicipal assembly is composed of elected members of the municipal assemblies of the municipalities. The intermunicipal council is composed of the presidents of the municipal chambers of the municipalities. [1]

List

The intermunicipal communities are: [1]

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Região de Aveiro Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal da Região de Aveiro is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in October 2008, replacing the previously existing Greater Metropolitan Area of Aveiro. Since January 2015, Região de Aveiro is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The main city and seat of the intermunicipal community is Aveiro. The population in 2011 was 370,394, in an area of 1,692.86 km².

Médio Tejo Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Médio Tejo is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in December 2008, replacing the former Comunidade Urbana do Médio Tejo created in 2004. It takes its name from the river Tagus. Médio Tejo is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region. Since January 2015, the NUTS 3 subregion covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Tomar. Médio Tejo comprises parts of the former districts of Santarém and Castelo Branco. The population in 2011 was 247,331, in an area of 3,344.31 km².

Região de Coimbra Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal da Região de Coimbra is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in October 2013, replacing the previously existing Greater Metropolitan Area of Coimbra. Since January 2015, Região de Coimbra is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The main city and seat of the intermunicipal community is Coimbra. The population in 2011 was 460,139, in an area of 4,335.57 km².

The metropolitan area is a type of administrative division in Portugal. Since the 2013 local government reform, there are two metropolitan areas: Lisbon and Porto. The metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Porto were created in 1991. A law passed in 2003 supported the creation of more metropolitan areas, under the conditions that they consisted of at least nine municipalities (concelhos) and had at least 350,000 inhabitants. Several metropolitan areas were created under this law, but a law passed in 2008 abolished these, converting them into intermunicipal communities, whose territories are (roughly) based on the NUTS III statistical regions.

Ave (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Norte, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Ave is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in 2009. It takes its name from the Ave River. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Guimarães. Ave comprises parts of the former districts of Braga and Vila Real. The population in 2011 was 425,411, in an area of 1,451.31 km².

Cávado (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Norte, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Cávado is an administrative division in northern Portugal. It was created in 2008. It is also a NUTS3 subregion of the Norte Region. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Braga. Cávado comprises part of the former Braga District. The population in 2011 was 410,169, in an area of 1,245.79 km², which makes it one of the most densely populated subregions of Portugal.

Alto Minho Intermunicipal community in Norte, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Alto Minho is an administrative division in northern Portugal. It is situated between the Minho River and Lima River. It was created in October 2008. Since January 2015, Alto Minho is also a NUTS3 subregion of Norte Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The main town of the intermunicipal community is Viana do Castelo. The intermunicipal community is coterminous with the former Viana do Castelo District. The population in 2011 was 244,836, in an area of 2,218.84 km².

Lezíria do Tejo Intermunicipal community in Alentejo, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal da Lezíria do Tejo is an administrative division in Portugal. It was established as an Associação de Municípios in 1987, converted into a Comunidade Urbana in 2003, and converted into a Comunidade Intermunicipal in November 2008. It is also a NUTS3 subregion of the Alentejo Region. The seat of the intermunicipal community is the city of Santarém. Lezíria do Tejo comprises municipalities of the former districts of Santarém and Lisbon. Lezíria do Tejo belongs to the Lisboa e Vale do Tejo Region for planning. The population in 2011 was 247,453, in an area of 4,275 km².

Alentejo Central Intermunicipal community in Alentejo, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Alentejo Central is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in 2009. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Évora, the main city. Other cities are Estremoz, Montemor-o-Novo, Vendas Novas and Reguengos de Monsaraz. Alentejo Central is coterminous with the former Évora District. The population in 2011 was 166,726, in an area of 7,393.46 km².

Alentejo Litoral Intermunicipal community in Alentejo, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Alentejo Litoral is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in May 2009. It is also a NUTS3 subregion of the Alentejo Region. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Grândola. Alentejo Litoral comprises municipalities of both the Beja District and the Setúbal District. The population in 2011 was 97,925, in an area of 5,309.41 km².

Alto Alentejo (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Alentejo, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Alto Alentejo is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in 2009. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Portalegre. Alto Alentejo is coterminous with the former Portalegre District. The population in 2011 was 118,506, in an area of 6,084.34 km². Together with Alentejo Central it covers the area of the former Alto Alentejo Province. With Ponte de Sor the intermunicipal community also includes one municipality that lies in the area of the former Ribatejo Province.

Baixo Alentejo (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Alentejo, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Baixo Alentejo is an administrative division in Portugal. It was created in 2009. It is also a NUTS3 subregion of the Alentejo Region. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Beja. Baixo Alentejo comprises 13 of the 14 municipalities of the Beja District. The population in 2011 was 126,692, in an area of 8,542.72 km².

Oeste (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

Comunidade Intermunicipal do Oeste is an administrative division of Portugal, located on the country's western central coast. The population in 2011 was 362,540, in an area of 2,220.16 km². Caldas da Rainha serves as the seat of OesteCIM.

Alto Tâmega Intermunicipal community in Norte, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Alto Tâmega is an administrative division in northern Portugal. It was created in 2014. Since January 2015, Alto Tâmega is also a NUTS3 subregion of Norte Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Chaves. Alto Tâmega comprises the northern part of the Vila Real District. The population in 2011 was 94,143, in an area of 2,921.91 km².

Tâmega e Sousa Intermunicipal community in Norte, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal do Tâmega e Sousa is an administrative division in northern Portugal. It was created in 2009. Since January 2015, Tâmega e Sousa is also a NUTS3 subregion of Norte Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Penafiel. Tâmega e Sousa comprises parts of the former districts of Aveiro, Braga, Porto and Viseu. The population in 2011 was 432,915, in an area of 1,831.52 km².

Região de Leiria Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal da Região de Leiria is an administrative division in western Portugal. It was created in 2014, replacing the former Associação de Municípios da Região de Leiria created in 2009. Since January 2015, Região de Leiria is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Leiria. Região de Leiria comprises a large part of the former district of Leiria. The population in 2011 was 294,632, in an area of 2,449.12 km².

Beira Baixa (intermunicipal community) Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal da Beira Baixa is an administrative division in eastern Portugal. It was created in October 2013 out of the former Comunidade Intermunicipal da Beira Interior Sul, created in March 2009. Since January 2015, Beira Baixa is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Castelo Branco. Beira Baixa comprises a large part of the former Castelo Branco District. The population in 2011 was 89,063, in an area of 4,614.64 km².

Beiras e Serra da Estrela Intermunicipal community in Centro, Portugal

The Comunidade Intermunicipal das Beiras e Serra da Estrela is an administrative division in eastern Portugal. It was created in 2013. Since January 2015, Beiras e Serra da Estrela is also a NUTS3 subregion of Centro Region, that covers the same area as the intermunicipal community. The seat of the intermunicipal community is Guarda. Beiras e Serra da Estrela comprises parts of the former districts of Guarda and Castelo Branco. The population in 2011 was 236,023, in an area of 6,304.95 km².

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Law nr. 75/2013" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal) . Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  2. 1 2 Fernanda Paula Oliveira (2009), The Evolution and Regulation of the Metropolitan Areas in Portugal at the Internet Archive  PDF (677 kB)
  3. "Law nr. 10/2003" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal) . Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  4. "Law nr. 11/2003" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal) . Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  5. "Law nr. 45/2008" (pdf). Diário da República (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal) . Retrieved 13 August 2014.