This article relies largely or entirely on a single source .(August 2021)
|Locale||Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada|
|Dates of operation||1887–1929|
|Successor||Canadian National Railway|
The Inverness and Richmond Railway was a railway that operated on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia from 1901 to the 1980s. It is now a rail trail for snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, and human-powered transport called the Celtic Shores Coastal Trail.
Service from Port Hawkesbury to Inverness opened in 1901. The purpose of the railway was to haul coal from mines around Mabou and Inverness to a pier in Port Hastings. 
It was developed and operated by the Inverness Railway and Coal Company. It connected with existing stations of the Intercolonial Railway at Orangedale and Port Hawkesbury.  Although its name refers to two adjacent Cape Breton counties, it was never extended into Richmond County.
Peak operation was in 1908 with 322,000 tons of freight, mostly coal, but also lumber. The line also carried passengers, averaging 26,530 per year from 1901 to 1906. 
Financial difficulties began in 1915. It was purchased by the Canadian National Railway in 1929. Passenger service ended in 1959. By 1975 service was once a week, hauling coal from St. Rose in the north of the island. 
Cape Breton Island is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
Inverness County is an historical county and census division of Nova Scotia, Canada. Local government is provided by the Municipality of the County of Inverness, the town of Port Hawkesbury and the Whycocomagh 2 Waycobah First Nation reserve.
Port Hood is an unincorporated place in the Municipality of the County of Inverness, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is an administrative centre and service centre for the surrounding area. It is the site of the registered historic place Peter Smyth House. Port Hood Beach is known for its warm waters, and Port Hood Station Provincial Park is nearby.
The Ceilidh Trail is a scenic roadway in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The Canso Causeway is a 1,385 m (4,544 ft) rock-fill causeway in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Port Hawkesbury is a municipality in southern Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. While within the historical county of Inverness, it is not part of the Municipality of Inverness County.
Cape Breton Regional Municipality is the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's second largest municipality and the economic heart of Cape Breton Island. As of 2016 the municipality has a population of 94,285. The municipality was created in 1995 through the amalgamation of eight municipalities located in Cape Breton County.
The Newfoundland Railway operated on the island of Newfoundland from 1898 to 1988. With a total track length of 906 miles (1,458 km), it was the longest 3 ft 6 in narrow-gauge railway system in North America.
The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway is a short line railway that operated in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. CBNS operated of main line and associated spurs between Truro in the central part of the province to Point Tupper on Cape Breton Island.
The Sydney and Louisburg Railway (S&L) is a historic Canadian railway. Built to transport coal from various mines to the ports of Sydney and Louisbourg, the S&L operated in the eastern part of Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia. The railway uses a slightly different spelling for the town of "Louisbourg".
Allan J. MacEachen Port Hawkesbury Airport is a registered aerodrome located 2.1 nautical miles north of Port Hawkesbury, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Mabou is an unincorporated settlement in the Municipality of the County of Inverness on the west coast of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The population in 2011 was 1,207 residents. It is the site of the The Red Shoe pub, the An Drochaid Museum, and Glenora Distillers
Inverness is a Canadian rural community in Inverness County, Nova Scotia. It is about an hour's drive north from the Canso Causeway and about an hour south from Cape Breton Highlands National Park. In 2016 its population was 1,248, up 2.2% from 2011. This population growth has resulted from expanded tourism in the development of two world class golf courses; Cabot Links and Cabot Cliffs.
Trunk 19 is part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's system of trunk highways. The road runs from Port Hastings to a junction with the Cabot Trail at Margaree Forks on Cape Breton Island, a distance of 107 kilometres (66 mi). Most of the route is known as the Ceilidh Trail.
Point Tupper is a rural community located in Richmond County, Nova Scotia on the Strait of Canso in western Cape Breton Island.
Pleasant Bay is a community on the western coast of Cape Breton Island, on the shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in Inverness County, Nova Scotia. The community is located on the Cabot Trail, 141 kilometers from Port Hawkesbury. The federal electoral riding is Sydney—Victoria. Pleasant Bay is known as the whale watching capital of Cape Breton and marks the center of the Cabot trail.
Nova Scotia is a province located in Eastern Canada fronting the Atlantic Ocean. One of the Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia's geography is complex, despite its relatively small size in comparison to other Canadian provinces.
Port Hastings is a unincorporated settlement on Cape Breton Island, within the Municipality of the County of Inverness, Canada. The population in 2016 was 89.
Richmond is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly.
The Municipality of the County of Inverness is a county municipality on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. It provides local government to about 17,000 residents of the historical county of the same name, except for the incorporated town of Port Hawkesbury and the Whycocomagh 2 Miꞌkmaq reserve, both of which are enclaves. Public services are provided in the areas of recreation, tourism, administration, finance, and public works.