John Warner (physician)

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John Warner (died 1565) was an English academic, cleric, and physician. He was the first Regius Professor of Physic at the University of Oxford, [1] as well as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford and the Dean of Winchester. [2]

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Physician professional who practices medicine

A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients, and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice. Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines, such as anatomy and physiology, underlying diseases and their treatment—the science of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or craft of medicine.

The Regius Professor of Medicine is an appointment held at the University of Oxford. The chair was founded by Henry VIII of England by 1546, and until the 20th century the title was Regius Professor of Physic. Henry VIII established five Regius Professorships in the University, the others being the Regius chairs of Divinity, Civil Law, Hebrew and Greek.

Warner was born in Great Stanmore, Middlesex, England, and studied at the University of Oxford, receiving a Bachelor of Arts in 1520, a Master of Arts in 1525, a Bachelor of Medicine in 1529, and a Doctor of Medicine in 1535. [3] Following his BA, he was elected fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, and on 26 May 1536 was elected Warden of All Souls College. [2] Henry VIII appointed him as the inaugural Regius Professor of Physic in 1540. [2] He retired in 1554 from this professorship, and became Vice-Chancellor of the university. [2] He became a fellow of the College of Physicians on 17 October 1561. [2]

Middlesex historic county of England

Middlesex is an ancient county in southeast England. It is now entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official unit until 1965. The historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames from 17 miles (27 km) west to 3 miles (5 km) east of the City of London with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831.

University of Oxford University in Oxford, United Kingdom

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly called 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

Warner was also ordained and served in various parishes as rector, prebend, Archdeacon of Cleveland, [4] canon, and royal chaplain, and was nominated as Dean of Winchester on 15 October 1559. [2]

Holy orders sacraments of the Catholic Church

In the Christian churches, holy orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest, or deacon, and the sacrament or rite by which candidates are ordained to those orders. Churches recognizing these orders include the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Assyrian, Old Catholic, Independent Catholic and some Lutheran churches. Except for Lutherans and some Anglicans, these churches regard ordination as a sacrament. The Anglo-Catholic tradition within Anglicanism identifies more with the Roman Catholic position about the sacramental nature of ordination.

A rector is, in an ecclesiastical sense, a cleric who functions as an administrative leader in some Christian denominations. In contrast, a vicar is also a cleric but functions as an assistant and representative of an administrative leader. The term comes from the Latin for the helmsman of a ship.

The Archdeacon of Cleveland is a senior ecclesiastical officer of an archdeaconry, or subdivision, of the Church of England Diocese of York in the Province of York. The Archdeaconry of Cleveland stretches west from Thirsk, north to Middlesbrough, east to Whitby and south to Pickering. It has a varied geography, including the southern parts of the conurbation of Teesside and the open moors of the North York Moors National Park.

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References

  1. "Regius Professors of Medicine at the University". Oxford Medical Men, headington.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-01.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Carlyle, E. I. "Warner, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28757.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. Foster, Joseph (1892). Alumni Oxonienses. London: Parker & Co. p. 1574.
  4. Munk, William (1861). "John Warner". The Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London .
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Edmund Steward
Dean of Winchester
15591565
Succeeded by
Francis Newton
Academic offices
Preceded by
Richard Marshall
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1554–1555
Succeeded by
Richard Smyth
Preceded by
William Tresham
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1559–1560
Succeeded by
Francis Babbington