Leicestershire (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Leicestershire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Leicestershire
1290–1832
Number of membersTwo
Replaced by North Leicestershire and South Leicestershire

Leicestershire was a county constituency in Leicestershire, represented in the House of Commons. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs), traditionally called Knights of the Shire, by the bloc vote system of election, to the Parliament of England until 1707, to the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 until 1800, and then to Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1832.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Plurality-at-large voting, also known as block vote or multiple non-transferable vote (MNTV), is a non-proportional voting system for electing several representatives from a single multimember electoral district using a series of check boxes and tallying votes similar to a plurality election. Multiple winners are elected simultaneously to serve the district. Block voting is not a system for obtaining proportional representation; instead the usual result is that where the candidates divide into definitive parties the most popular party in the district sees its full slate of candidates elected, resulting in a landslide.

Parliament of England historic legislature of the Kingdom of England

The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it merged with the Parliament of Scotland to become the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Contents

History

The constituency was abolished by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election, when it was replaced by the Northern and Southern divisions, each of which elected two MPs.

Reform Act 1832 UK parliament act of 1832

The Representation of the People Act 1832 was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales. According to its preamble, the Act was designed to "take effectual Measures for correcting divers Abuses that have long prevailed in the Choice of Members to serve in the Commons House of Parliament". Before the reform, most members nominally represented boroughs. The number of electors in a borough varied widely, from a dozen or so up to 12,000. Frequently the selection of MPs was effectively controlled by one powerful patron: for example Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk, controlled eleven boroughs. Criteria for qualification for the franchise varied greatly among boroughs, from the requirement to own land, to merely living in a house with a hearth sufficient to boil a pot.

North Leicestershire, formally the "Northern Division of Leicestershire", was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.

South Leicestershire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

South Leicestershire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Alberto Costa, a member of the Conservative Party.

Both divisions were abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, when they were replaced by four new single-seat constituencies: Bosworth, Harborough, Loughborough and Melton.

Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was a piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the House of Commons, introducing the concept of equally populated constituencies, a concept in the broader global context termed equal apportionment, in an attempt to equalise representation across the UK. It was associated with, but not part of, the Representation of the People Act 1884.

Bosworth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Bosworth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1987 by David Tredinnick of the Conservative Party.

Harborough (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Harborough is a constituency covering the south east of Leicestershire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Neil O'Brien of the Conservative Party.

Members of Parliament

1290–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1290 William Hamelyn [1] Robert Burdet [1]
1295 Robert de Wyvill [1] John Aungerville [1]
1297Sir Thomas de Meynill [1] Sir William Burdet of Loseby [1]
1300 John Aungerville [1] John Folville [1]
1301 John Aungerville [1] John Folville [1]
1302 Robert Ponterel [1] John Folville [1]
1305 John Aungerville [1] Robert Ponterel [1]
1306 John Aungerville [1] Sir John Folville [1]
1307 (Jan)Sir William Marmion [1] Richard de Perrers [1]
1307 (Oct)Sir John Aungerville [1] Sir William Marmion [1]
1309 Henry de Erdington [1] Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1311 (Aug) Richard de Perrers [1] John de Bakepuz [1]
1311 (Nov) Richard de Perrers [1] John de Bakepuz [1]
1312 Ralph de Sacheville [1] John Aungerville [1]
1313Sir William Brabazon [1] Henry de Nottingham [1]
1314 William Trussell [1] John de Houby [1]
1315 Robert de Wyvill [1] Ralph de Sacheville [1]
1316 (Jan) Ralph Folville [1] Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1316 (Jul) Ralph Folville [1] Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1318 Ralph Folville [1] John de Olney [1]
1319 Henry de Nottingham [1] Robert de Gaddesby [1]
1320 William de Neville [1] Ralph Mallory [1]
1321 Ralph de Sacheville [1] William de Kaythorp [1]
1322 (May) Hugh de Prestwold [1] Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1322 (Nov) Robert de Gaddesby [1] William Jaunville [1]
1324 (Jan) Ralph de Sacheville [1] Nicholas Payne [1]
1324 (Oct)Sir Robert Burdet [1] Roger la Zouch [1]
1325 Ralph Beler [1] Roger de Belgrave [1]
1327 (Jan)Sir Robert Burdet [1] Sir William Moton [1]
1327 (Sep) Roger de Belgrave [1] Robert de Sadyngton [1]
1328 (Feb) Roger de Gaddesby [1] Robert de Sadyngton [1]
1328 (Apr) Robert Burdet [1] Robert de Sadyngton [1]
1328 (Jul) Ralph de Sacheville [1] Robert de Waltham [1]
1329 Ralph de Sacheville [1] Jordan de Garthorp [1]
1330 (Mar) William Moton [1] Robert Burdet [1]
1330 (Nov) Robert Burdet [1] Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1331 Roger la Zouch [1] William de Staunton [1]
1332 (Mar) Richard de Edgebaston [1] Ralph de Sacheville [1]
1332 (Sep) Philip de Folville [1] Alan Talbot [1]
1333 Alan Talbot [1] John de Knighton [1]
1334 (Feb) John de Knighton [1] Simon Pakeman [1]
1334 (Sep) Richard de Edgebaston [1] Hugh Turville [1]
1335 William Moton [1] William de Bredon [1]
1336 (Mar) William de Bredon [1] Hugh Turville [1]
1337 (Mar) William Moton [1] Hugh Turville [1]
1337 (Sep) Roger la Zouch [1] William Moton [1]
1338 (Feb) Hugh Turville [1] Roger de Belgrave [1]
1338 (Jul) William Moton [1] Nicholas Charnels [1]
1339 (Feb) William Moton [1] John de Farrington [1]
1339 (Oct) William Moton [1] Robert de Waltham [1]
1340 (Jan) Nicholas Charnels [1] Richard de Shelton [1]
1340 (Mar) John de Boyville [1] Thomas de Whelesbergh [1]
1340 (Jul) Richard de Edgebaston [1]
1341 John Waleys [1] Nicholas Charnels [1]
1343 William Moton [1]
1344 Thomas Charnels [1] John Hakelut [1]
1346 Simon Pakeman [1] Robert de Kegworth [1]
1348 (Jan) John Waleys [1] Simon Pakeman [1]
1348 (Mar) Roger Waleys [1] Robert de Gaddesby [1]
1351 John Paynel [1] John de Levere [1]
1352 (Jan) William de Bredon [1] Geoffrey de Villiers [1]
1352 (Aug) Robert de Willoughby [1]
1353 Thomas Malesores [1]
1354 Thomas Malesores [1] John Paynel [1]
1355Sir Nicholas Charnels [1] Sir Thomas Malesores [1]
1357 Thomas Malesores [1] Mathew de Folville [1]
1358Sir John Paynel [1] Sir Thomas Malesores [1]
1360 Thomas de Chaworth [1] John Charnels [1]
1361 Philip de Nevill [1] John Talbot [1]
1362Sir William Flamville [1] John Talbot [1]
1363 Robert de Herle [1] Roger de Belers [1]
1365 Ralph de Hastings [1] Simon Pakeman [1]
1366Sir William Flamville [1] Simon Pakeman [1]
1368 John Talbot [1] Simon Pakeman [1]
1369 John Talbot [1] Thomas Oudeby [1]
1371 William Flamville [1] William Taillard [1]
1372 John Berkeley William de Burgh [2]
1373John TalbotRobert Digby [2]
1376 Sir William Flamville Ralph Bellers [2]
1377 (Jan) Sir William Flamville Ralph Bellers [2]
1377 (Nov) Sir William Flamville John Bellers [2]
1378 Edmund Appleby Thomas de Erdington [2]
1379 Thomas Walsh Sir Roger Perwych [2]
1380 (Jan) John Burdet John Fauconer [2]
1380 (Nov) Thomas Walsh Laurence Hauberk [2]
1381 Thomas Walsh Sir William Flamville [2]
1382 (May) Thomas Walsh Sir William Flamville [2]
1382 (Oct) John Neville John Perwich [2]
1383 (Feb) Thomas Walsh John Fauconer [2]
1384 (May) Sir William Flamville Edmund de Appleby [2]
1384 (Nov) Thomas Walsh John Fauconer [2]
1385 John Calveley John Fauconer [2]
1386 Sir William Flamville Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1388 (Feb) Sir William Flamville Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1388 (Sep) Sir William Flamville Sir Roger Perwych (d. Oct 1388) [3]
1390 (Jan) John Burdet Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1390 (Nov) Robert Langham Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1391 Sir William Flamville Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1393 Sir Robert Harrington Sir Hugh Shirley [3]
1394 Sir Robert Harrington Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1395 Nicholas Colman Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1397 (Jan) Edmund Bugge Sir Thomas Walsh [3]
1397 (Sep) Sir John Calveley Sir Henry Neville [3]
1399 Thomas Mandeville Sir Thomas Maureward [3]
1401 Thomas Derby Sir John Neville [3]
1402 Sir John Berkeley Sir Henry Neville [3]
1404 (Jan) Sir William Brokesby Edmund Bugge [3]
1404 (Oct) Sir John Berkeley Robert Veer [3]
1406 Sir John Neville Sir Henry Neville [3]
1407 John Blaket Robert Sherard [3]
1410 John Blaket Bartholemew Brokesby [3]
1411 Sir John Berkeley Sir Thomas Maureward [3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) James Bellers William Belgrave [3]
1414 (Apr) Thomas Ashby John Blaket [3]
1414 (Nov) James Bellers Richard Hotoft [3]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Thomas Ashby William Mallory [3]
1420 James Bellers Sir Ralph Shirley [3]
1421 (May) John Burgh Richard Hotoft [3]
1421 (Dec) Sir Laurence Berkeley Sir William Trussell [3]
1422Robert Moton Bartholemew Brokesby [2]
1423Thomas FoulehurstJohn Boyville [2]
1424 Bartholemew Brokesby Baldwin Bugge [2]
1425John BoyvilleBaldwin Bugge [2]
1426John Boyville Bartholemew Brokesby [2]
1428Everard Digby Bartholemew Brokesby [2]
1430 Sir Laurence Berkeley Thomas Foulehurst [2]
1433Thomas Palmer John Burgh
1439 Richard Hotoft Thomas Palmer
1441Thomas Palmer Richard Neel [2]
1446Richard HotoftThomas Staunton [2]
1448Thomas EveringhamThomas Palmer [2]
1450Richard Hotoft William Feilding [2]
1451John BelerRobert Staunton [2]
1453Thomas Everingham John Boyville [2]
1455Laurence HastingsThomas Palmer [2]
1460 William Feilding John Whatton [2]
1467Thomas Palmer Robert Staunton [2]
1472William Trussell Sir Thomas Berkeley [4]
1477William TrussellWilliam Moton [2]
1510–1515No names known [5]
1523 ?Sir Richard Sacheverell ? [5]
1529 Sir Richard Sacheverell, died 1534 Sir William Skeffington, died 1535 [5]
by 1536?William Asby [5]
1536?William Ashby ? [5]
1539 Sir John Villers John Digby [5]
1542 Sir Richard Manners ?Thomas Brokesby [5]
1545 Sir Ambrose Cave Robert Burdett [5]
1547 Edward Hastings Sir Ambrose Cave [5]
1553 (Mar) Edward Hastings Sir Ambrose Cave [5]
1553 (Oct) Robert Strelley Sir Thomas Hastings [5]
1554 (Apr) Sir Thomas Hastings Henry Poole [5]
1554 (Nov) Sir Thomas Hastings George Turpin [5]
1555 William Faunt William Skeffington [5]
1558 George Vincent George Sherard [5]
1559 (Jan) Adrian Stokes Francis Cave [6]
1562–1563 Nicholas Beaumont George Turpin [6]
1571 Francis Hastings Adrian Stokes [6]
1572 (Apr) (Sir) George Turpin Nicholas Beaumont [6]
1584 George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon Francis Hastings [6]
1586 George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon Francis Hastings [6]
1588 (Oct)Sir Henry Beaumont William Turpin [6]
1593 Francis Hastings Thomas Skeffington [6]
1597 Sir Edward Hastings Sir Francis Hastings [6]
1601 Henry Hastings William Skipwith [6]
1604 Sir George Villiers Thomas Beaumont
1606 Sir Henry Beaumont of Coleorton
1607 Sir Basil Brooke of Lubenham
1614 Sir George Hastings Sir Thomas Hesilrige
1621–1622 Sir George Hastings Sir Henry Hastings [7]
1624 Sir Thomas Hesilrige Sir Henry Hastings
1625 Ferdinando Lord Hastings Sir Wolstan Dixie
1626 Sir Henry Hastings Francis Staresmore
1628–1629 Sir Edward Hartopp Ferdinando, Lord Hastings
1629–1640No Parliament convened

1640–1832

Year1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
Apr 1640 Sir Arthur Hesilrige Hon. Lord Grey of Ruthyn
Nov 1640 Sir Arthur Hesilrige Henry Smith
Parliament1st member2nd member3rd member4th member
1653Henry Danvers Edward Smith John Prat3 seats only
1654 Thomas Beaumont Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford Lord Grey of Groby Thomas Pochin
1656 Thomas Beaumont Francis Hacker (of Okeham) William Quarks Thomas Pochin
Year1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
1659 Sir Thomas Beaumont, 1st Baronet Francis Hacker
1660 Thomas Merry Matthew Babington
1661 Lord Roos
election declared void Apr 1679
George Faunt
Feb 1679 The Lord Sherard
Apr 1679 Sir John Hartopp John Coke
Aug 1679 The Lord Sherard
Feb 1681
1685 John Verney
1689 Sir Thomas Halford
1690 Sir Thomas Hesilrige
1695 John Verney George Ashby
1698 John Wilkins
1701 Lord Roos The Lord Sherard
1702 John Verney John Wilkins
1707 George Ashby
1708 Sir Geoffrey Palmer Sir Gilbert Pickering
1710 The Marquess of Granby
1711 Sir Thomas Cave Tory
1713 Viscount Tamworth Tory
1714 Sir Geoffrey Palmer
1719 Lord William Manners Whig
1722 Edmund Morris Tory
1727 Sir Clobery Noel Tory
Feb 1734 Ambrose Phillipps Tory
May 1734 Edward Smith
1738 Lord Grey
1739 Lord Guernsey
1741 Sir Thomas Cave
1747 Wrightson Mundy
1754 Sir Thomas Palmer
1762 Sir Thomas Cave
1765 Sir John Palmer
1774 Thomas Noel
1775 John Peach-Hungerford
1780 William Pochin
1790 Sir Thomas Cave
1792 Penn Assheton Curzon
1797 George Anthony Legh-Keck
1798 Sir Edmund Cradock-Hartopp
1806 Lord Robert William Manners
1818 Charles March Phillipps
1820 George Anthony Legh-Keck
1831 Charles March-Phillipps Thomas Paget Whig
1832 Great Reform Act: constituency abolished

Election results

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 Members of Parliament 1213-1702. London: House of Commons. 1878.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Curtis, John. A Topographical History of the County of Leicester. p. xxiv.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  4. Josiah Wedgwood (1936), History of Parliament 1439-1509 Biographies(hardback)|format= requires |url= (help), London: HMSO
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  7. Some sources give Thomas Beaumont. Beaumont was initially returned but Hastings declared elected instead